Ernest Moniz

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Ernest Moniz
Moniz official portrait standing.jpg
Moniz in May 2013
13th United States Secretary of Energy
Incumbent
Assumed office
May 21, 2013
President Barack Obama
Deputy Daniel Poneman
Preceded by Steven Chu
Personal details
Born Ernest Jeffrey Moniz
(1944-12-22) December 22, 1944 (age 69)
Fall River, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Naomi Moniz
Alma mater Boston College
Stanford University

Ernest Jeffrey Moniz (born December 22, 1944) is an American nuclear physicist and the current United States Secretary of Energy, serving under U.S. President Barack Obama since May, 2013. He previously served as the Associate Director for Science in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President of the United States from 1995 to 1997 and in the United States Department of Energy, serving as Under Secretary of Energy, from 1997 to 2001 during the Clinton Administration.

Moniz is one of the founding members of The Cyprus Institute and the Cecil and Ida Green Professor of Physics and Engineering Systems, Director of the Energy Initiative, and Director of the Laboratory for Energy and the Environment at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[1]

On March 4, 2013, Moniz was nominated by President Barack Obama to replace outgoing Energy Secretary Steven Chu for his second term.[2] His appointment was confirmed by the Senate in a unanimous vote on May 16, 2013.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Moniz was born in 1944 in Fall River, Massachusetts to Lavern (Melvin) Moniz and Ernest Polson Moniz, both of whose parents were Portuguese immigrants from São Miguel Island, Azores.[4] He graduated from Durfee High School in Fall River, Massachusetts in 1962, where he was a member of the National Honor Society and was the president of the school's math club.[5] Moniz attended Boston College, where he received his Bachelor of Science summa cum laude in physics, and he later received his Ph.D in theoretical physics from Stanford University in 1972.[6][7]

Career[edit]

Moniz joined the faculty of MIT in 1973, serving as Head of the Department of Physics from 1991 to 1995 and as Director of the Bates Linear Accelerator Center.[8] He also co-chairs the MIT research council. He served in the Clinton administration as Associate Director for Science in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President from 1995 to 1997.[9] Moniz also worked in the United States Department of Energy, serving as Under Secretary of Energy from 1997 to 2001.[10] Moniz is also one of the founding members of The Cyprus Institute, wherein he and other scholars undertook the coordination, research and planning of the project.

U.S. Secretary of Energy (2013-present)[edit]

On May 16, 2013, Moniz was nominated by U.S. President Barack Obama to be the next United States Secretary of Energy on a 97-0 vote by the Senate.[3] He succeeded Steven Chu as Secretary of Energy. Moniz was sworn in as Energy Secretary on May 21, 2013 by Deputy Energy Secretary Daniel Poneman.

For President Obama's 2014 State of the Union Address, Moniz served as the designated survivor.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "Faculty & Teaching Staff". MIT Engineering Systems Division. Retrieved February 24, 2013. 
  2. ^ President Obama Nominates Candidates for Energy and Environmental Team March 4, 2013 PBS NewsHour
  3. ^ a b Weiner, Rachel (16 May 2013). "Ernest Moniz confirmed as Energy secretary". Washington Post. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "Obama to name Fall River Native to head Energy Department". ojornal.com. 2013. Retrieved March 5, 2013. 
  5. ^ Carol Lee Costa-Crowell, Lurdes da Silva (August 6, 1997). "Durfee grad nominated to energy post". southcoasttoday.com. Retrieved February 24, 2013. 
  6. ^ Energy (2013). "Department of Energy "About Us"". energy.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Events GCEP Research Symposium 2005 Keynote Speakers Prof. Freeman Dyson Prof. Ernest Moniz Prof. David Victor". stanford.edu. 2005. Retrieved February 24, 2013. 
  8. ^ "ernest moniz Professor of Physics and Cecil and Ida Green Distinguished Professor Co-Director of the Laboratory for Energy and the Environment". mit.edu. Retrieved February 24, 2013. 
  9. ^ David J. Unger (February 11, 2013). "Will Ernest Moniz be the next Energy secretary?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved February 24, 2013. 
  10. ^ Niraj Chokshi (February 21, 2013). "Who Is Ernest Moniz, Obama's Likely Pick for Energy Secretary?". nationaljournal.com. Retrieved February 24, 2013. 
  11. ^ Miller, Zeke J. (January 28, 2014). "This Man Will Be Your President If The Worst Happens: Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz is tonight's 'designated survivor'". Time. Retrieved January 30, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Daniel Poneman
Acting
United States Secretary of Energy
2013–present
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Anthony Foxx
as Secretary of Transportation
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Secretary of Energy
Succeeded by
Arne Duncan
as Secretary of Education
United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Anthony Foxx
as Secretary of Transportation
12th in line
as Secretary of Energy
Succeeded by
Arne Duncan
as Secretary of Education