Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport
|Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport
Aeropuerto Internacional Ernesto Cortissoz
|Avianca airbus A320 at gate 5 arriving from Miami|
|IATA: BAQ – ICAO: SKBQ
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Operator||Aeropuertos del Caribe S.A.|
|Elevation AMSL||30 m / 98 ft|
|Cargo movement (T)||25,408|
|Source: AIP Colombia at UAEAC |
Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Ernesto Cortissoz) (IATA: BAQ, ICAO: SKBQ) is located in the municipality of Soledad 12 km (7 mi) from Barranquilla, the capital of the Atlántico department in Colombia. The airport owes its name to one of the pioneers of Colombian aviation, Ernesto Cortissoz.
This airport serves as a focus city for Avianca. It is capable of accepting widebodied aircraft such as the Boeing 747, Boeing 767, and Airbus A340. It is the most important airport in terms of infrastructure in the northern part of the country and the first in terms of cargo movements.
The airport is located in the municipality of Soledad, just 12 km from the center of Barranquilla. It is capable of receiving widebody aircraft like the Boeing 747, McDonnell Douglas DC-10 and Airbus A340. In fact, it was once the largest airport in Colombia. Currently, the airport is fifth in number of passengers and cargo room. The airport has two terminals: the domestic, with gates 6-13, and international, with gates 1-5 and 5A. It serves as an international hub for the airline AIRES and as a secondary hub for the airline Avianca during the high season. In July 2007, the Aeronáutica Civil gave the airport "open skies" designation, this means that any airline in the world can fly to Barranquilla on any route with any frequency. This action was taken largely to promote tourism as Barranquilla is a key access point to the Caribbean.
At the beginning of commercial aviation in Colombia, airport construction was in charge of each airline purporting to serve a particular city. Thus construction of major airports in Colombia fell to SCADTA, including Soledad Airport.
Soledad Airport soon became the main center of operations and maintenance of SCADTA for their domestic operations. International services were operated by Pan American Airways, which maintained scheduled DC-3 service, later supplemented by Boeing 307 Stratoliners, to Panama, Kingston and Miami. In 1946 international service at Soledad Airport resumed with Avianca DC-4s, first to Miami and later to Kingston and New York.
Also in 1946 British South American Airways commenced operation at Barranquilla, using a Lancastrian to provide one weekly flight to London via Bermuda. The service took 26 hours and was referred to as "The Lightning Route to Europe". Also that year a number of special flights with DC-4 aircraft were operated from Barranquilla to Miami and New York under contract with the airline Transocean Airlines. The Aviation Company KLM (Department of the West Indies) also started operating in Barranquilla with DC-4 aircraft, giving passengers the opportunity to connect with scheduled flights to Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Venezuela and Trinidad. In the early fifties LANSA inaugurated a service from Barranquilla to Havana, but never won permission to fly to Miami. However in the sixties TAXADER establish a service to Miami, but only for a few months.
Soledad Airport soon established itself as the premier international airport in Colombia and the first hub in the country. In the mid-50s Avianca built in Soledad one of the most important aviation maintenance shops in Latin America, two large hangars were built to house several aircraft at once. There were workshop for propellers, hydraulics, tools, electro-mechanical systems and metal rolling. The maintenance facility also included a painting workshop, warehouse of spare parts and a technical school. The workshop was certified by the Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) of the United States for repair and overhaul of all types of domestic and foreign aircraft.
Also, in the early 1950s a unique system was built for loading and unloading passengers and cargo from DC-4s that drastically reduced the time required by a claimed 50%. With this system the DC-4 taxed to where it was in a certain spot and then electric carts on rails that were flush with the runway surface moved the aircraft sideways to the unloading gangways. 
With the opening of the El Dorado International Airport in Bogota in December 1959, Soledad was relegated to secondary importance in the country. It was only upon the delivery of the first Boeing 727 to Avianca in 1966 that the runway was extended. However in order to appropriately handle modern jet airliners, and the resulting passenger traffic, there was a need to build a new international airport with a modern terminal, stands, larger runways and taxiways and all necessary facilities for the city of Barranquilla. There was hope that this project would put Barranquilla back on the map as an airport served by major international carriers.
Finally on the afternoon of April 7, 1981, Julio Cesar Turbay, president of the Republic and Alvaro Uribe Velez, Chief of the Aeronáutica Civil dedicated Barranquilla's new international airport Ernesto Cortissoz. The new terminal, with an area of 35 thousand square meters, along with its new control tower, apron, taxiways and runway (now 3,000 meters long by 45m wide) were built north of the old Soledad Airport. The design was by architect Aníbal González Moreno-Ripoll and the new terminal was built by the firm Walls, Bridges, Ltda Vasquez. The New terminal had seven domestic gates and four international gates each with their own waiting area. The premises of the former terminal building became the cargo area.
Currently, the company Caribbean Airports S. A. "ACSA" is the operator of airport concession. ACSA was incorporated in the month of December 1996 and its main activity is the administration and economic exploitation of Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport. This status was granted by the State through the renewable concession contract, number 001-CON-97, concluded with the Special Administrative Unit of Civil Aeronautics for a term of 15 years. Under this contract ACSA assumed operations on March 1, 1997. According to the contract award, administration and economic exploitation includes the provision of all airport services, maintenance and management of the terminal, runway, ramp, airport facilities, visual aids for approach and access roads. Aeronáutica Civil reserved management and responsibility for control and monitoring functions of en route air traffic and the proper functioning of air navigation aids, including approach, communications and other equipment intended and necessary for the proper air traffic control.
Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport is named after one of the most important Colombian aviation pioneers. Ernesto Cortissoz was an entrepreneur, born in Barranquilla, which along with four Colombians and three Germans founded SCADTA in December 1919. On June 8, 1924 while traveling in the Junkers F.13 "Tolima" together with other executives of the company, he died as a result of one of the first plane crashes in the country.
Barranquilla International Airport is a pride for the citizens and has the potential to continue growing and become the main cargo hub in the region.
Physical Characteristics 
Field of Flight 
The runway has a length of 3,000 m and a width of 45 m. The approaches to both ends of the runway are categorized for instrument flight operations in precision category I.
The airport has a taxiway parallel to the runway in order to reach both ends. The three turn-offs near the center of the runway connect with the taxiway and the ramp, they are 22.5 m wide and are made of concrete.
The airport has three ramps for parking aircraft, they are for use by commercial passenger aircraft, cargo aircraft and military aircraft. The ramp for commercial passenger aircraft is located opposite the passenger terminal building and has 16 parking spaces. The Cargo ramp is located north of the passenger terminal, near the head of runway 23.
Passenger Terminal 
The airport has one passenger terminal building to handle all of the airport's commercial traffic. There are 36 check posts, a series of shops, including a Duty-free shop, and passenger cafes and restaurant. There are two restricted areas for passengers, depending on the destination of the flight (national or international). On the side for national flights are located the gates 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13, each with a waiting area for passengers. For access to aircraft, four gates (6, 7, 8 and 9) have boarding bridges, each with two degrees of freedom.
In the international area are the gates 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, each with a waiting area for passengers. The aircraft access is via jet bridges except for gate 1. The bridges at gates 2, 3 and 5 are mobile with three degrees of freedom, while the jet bridge at gate 4 is similar to those installed in the national wing. Passengers claim their luggage in a room used for that purpose on the first level, it has two conveyor belts. International passengers receive their luggage in this same room after passing through the immigration area. After leaving the terminal building you can access the public area which houses the offices of rental car companies and the taxi waiting area.
Cargo Terminal 
The Cargo Terminal is located northeast of the passenger terminal and has a floor area of 9,000 m², it is the former passenger terminal building. The loading dock can accommodate up to two aircraft simultaneously. The current use of the cargo terminal does not exceed 30%.
Terminals, airlines and destinations 
Passenger Terminal 
|Aerolínea de Antioquia||Bucaramanga, Cucuta, Medellín-Olaya Herrera, Montería, Riohacha||D|
|Avianca||Bogotá, Cali, Medellín-Córdova, Miami||D, I|
|Copa Airlines Colombia||Bogotá (ends June 15, 2013), Panama City, San Andrés Island||D, I|
|EasyFly||Aruba (begins March, 2013), Bucaramanga, Monteria, Valledupar||D, I|
|Insel Air||Curacao (begins May, 2013)||I|
|SATENA||La Mina, El Cerrejón||D|
|SEARCA||Charter Airline||D, I|
Cargo Terminal 
- On March 17, 1995, An Intercontinental DC-9 was destroyed by fire while it was parked in the apron, no one was on the plane.
- On November 19, 2006, A DC-10 operated by Cielos Airlines overran the runway while landing in bad weather, All 6 crew were injured.
- On November 21, 2006, Avianca Flight 9522 was outbound from Bogotá also overran the runway. All 135 people survived.
- On August 23, 2008, Aires Flight 0051 was outbound from Curaçao overran the runway because a problem with a landing gear. All 25 people survived.
- PDF (6,492 KB). AIP Colombia. Unidad Administrativa Especial de Aeronáutica Civil. 27 Aug 2009.
- Barranquilla-Ernesto Cortissoz Airport (BAQ / SKBQ) at Aviation Safety Network
- "Airplane Parker Speeds Operation Of Colombian Airport." Popular Mechanics, September 1952, p. 119.
- Accident description for 17-Mar-1995 at the Aviation Safety Network
- Accident description for 23-Aug-2008 at the Aviation Safety Network
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