Ernie Preate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ernie Preate
41st Attorney General of Pennsylvania
In office
January 17, 1989[1] – June 23, 1995[2]
Preceded by LeRoy S. Zimmerman
Succeeded by Tom Corbett
Personal details
Born (1940-11-22) November 22, 1940 (age 73)
Scranton, Pennsylvania
Political party Republican
Profession lawyer

Ernest D. Preate, Jr. (born November 22, 1940)[3] is a former Republican[4] Pennsylvania Attorney General. As Attorney General, he successfully argued before the United States Supreme Court in the landmark case, Planned Parenthood of Southeast Pennsylvania v. Casey on behalf of Robert P. Casey then. governor of Pennsylvania. Preate also successfully argued another landmark case, Blystone v. Pennsylvania in the United States Supreme Court addressing the death penalty. In 1995, Preate went to jail after pleading guilty to mail fraud charges. [5] Prior to serving as Attorney General, Preate was district attorney of Lackawanna County. He ran for Governor of Pennsylvania in 1994, but came in second for the Republican nomination behind then-congressman Tom Ridge, who won the general election.

Early career and education[edit]

Ernest D. Preate, Jr. was born November 22, 1940 in Scranton, Pennsylvania, the son of Attorney & Mrs. Ernest D. Preate, Sr. Graduate of The Scranton Preparatory School – 1958, University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School, B.S. Economics 1962, University of Pennsylvania Law School, J.D. 1965.

Military service[edit]

He served in the United States Marine Corps from 1966-1969 as Infantry Platoon Commander. He spent 13 months in combat in Vietnam and was honorably discharged with the rank of Captain. Preate earned 5 medals for combat service.

Career[edit]

Preate was elected District Attorney of Lackawanna County 1977 and served until 1989. He was an active trial prosecutor, specializing in homicide and drug cases. As District Attorney, he won all 19 murder cases that went to verdict and obtained the death penalty in 5 cases. His numerous appellate arguments include 2 major cases before the U.S. Supreme Court where he was successful in getting the Court to hold, as Constitutional, Pennsylvania’s Death Penalty Law (which he would later argue against) and its Abortion Control Act.

He was a member of the National Association of Attorneys General where his colleagues elected him Chairman of the Criminal Law Committee. He was the Association’s official delegate to the American Bar Association, where he was co-founder and first chair of the Government and Public Sector Lawyers Division of the American Bar Association and received numerous awards for his service to law enforcement and the justice system.

Conviction[edit]

He was elected Attorney General of Pennsylvania in 1988, taking Office in 1989. He was re-elected in 1992, but resigned that position in 1995 after being charged with federal racketeering and corruption. He pled guilty to mail fraud involving a $20,000.00 campaign contribution[6] and served a year in Federal prison. [3][7][8] He was succeeded as Attorney General by Tom Corbett, who later went on the become Governor of Pennsylvania.

Later career[edit]

Since his return to Scranton, he has resumed the practice of law, doing criminal and civil trial work. He was also been retained as a lobbyist by numerous prison and Criminal Justice reform groups. He has served as a consultant to Chuck Colson’s Justice Fellowship in Reston, Virginia, which advocates rehabilitative and faith-based reform of the criminal justice system and has become outspoken about the shortcomings of the U.S. criminal justice system, urging reforms to enable the public to have greater confidence that justice was done in judicial proceedings.

He now believes that there ought to be a moratorium on the carrying out of the death penalty under the very statue he successfully defended in the U.S. Supreme Court. He now believes that as it has been applied, it falls unevenly and unfairly on people of color, and that the criminal justice system inadequately provides effective assistance of counsel to those accused.

Reform[edit]

As a lobbyist, Preate has promoted legislative consideration of public policy initiatives such as provision of tests to prisoners. This proposal was signed into law on July 10, 2002. He also calls for Pennsylvania to do a first in a generation study of the prisoner population to see if there are better ways that the 7,500 mentally ill and initially retarded prisoners can be compassionately dealt with, that the 7,000 Hepatitis C prisoners can be effectively treated, that the thousands of sick, disabled, or dying geriatric prisoners can be humanely managed, and, that Pennsylvania’s often arbitrary and rehabilitative stifling parole system be revamped. For such advocacy, he was appointed to the Legislative Joint State Government Advocacy Committee studying those issues.

In the Spring of 2008, he testified before the U.S. Congress at the request of Representative John Dingle (Democrat from Michigan), Chair House Judiciary Committee on the reforms to the Prisoner Litigation Control Act. He attributes his changed views to the insight and perspective he experienced as a defendant and prisoner in the Criminal Justice System, and, to his near-death experience as a result of a motorcycle accident he suffered in June, 1997. Because of his work on behalf of prisoners, he was elected to the Boards of the Pennsylvania Prison Society, Justice & Mercy, and, Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants. The Lifers’ Association of Prisoners recently thanked him saying, “You now walk among the powerless, yet your goal remains fixed: Justice for the rich and the poor”.

He is a member of the Pennsylvania Legislature’s Joint State Government Commission’s Advisory Committee studying the reasons for the wrongful incarceration of so many innocent prisoners. He is also Solicitor for the Borough of Clark's Summit, Pennsylvania. And he just completed a two-year term as Chairman of the Board of a regional agency for seven counties in Northeastern Pennsylvania that promotes economic development and aid to local governments.

Personal[edit]

He is the father of twin daughters, Elizabeth and Alexandra, and, daughter Dominique.

References[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
LeRoy S. Zimmerman
Attorney General of Pennsylvania
1989–1995
Succeeded by
Tom Corbett
Party political offices
Preceded by
LeRoy S. Zimmerman
Republican nominee for Attorney General of Pennsylvania
1988, 1992
Succeeded by
Mike Fisher