Ernst B. Haas
|“||Haas: ...the one theme that sort of underlies everything I've done... is the conditions under which the state as we understand it disappears, disintegrates, weakens, changes... why the interest in the state? Because I grew up under a system of an extraordinarily powerful state that victimized me, So my idea was; how in the future do we get rid of states of that kind?||”|
—From Conversations with History, February 2002
Haas began his academic career in 1951 at UC Berkeley, where he remained until his death.
He was director of the UC Berkeley Institute for International Studies from 1969-73.
Haas was mainly interested in international integration. Haas realized that traditional European politics could be dramatically changed by liberalizing movement of goods capital, and persons, but his analysis differed significantly from classical liberalism.
He is the founder of neofunctionalism as an approach to the study of integration. Neofunctionalism recognizes the importance of national states but also stresses the roles of regional interest groups and the bureaucracy of regional organizations. Though the member states create the initial conditions, regional interest groups and international bureaucrats push the process forward, and national governments increasingly solve conflicts of interest by conferring more authority on the regional organizations, and citizens increasingly look to the regional organization for solutions to their problems.
Haas published numerous books, monographs and articles.
His works include:
- Haas, Ernst B. 1952. The reconciliation of conflicting colonial policy aims: acceptance of the League of Nations mandate system. Int. Organ. 6(4):521–36
- Haas, Ernst B. 1953. The balance of power as a guide to policy-making. J. Polit. 15(3):370–98
- Haas, Ernst B. 1958. The Uniting of Europe. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press
- Haas, Ernst B. 1961. International integration: the European and the universal process. Int. Organ. 15(3):366–92
- Haas, Ernst B. 1964. Beyond the Nation State. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press
- Haas, Ernst B. 1970. Human Rights and International Action. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press
- Haas, Ernst B. 1978. Global Evangelism Rides Again: How to Protect Human Rights Without Really Trying. Univ. Calif. Policy Pap. No. 5, Berkeley, CA
- Haas, Ernst B. 1990. When Knowledge is Power: Three Models of Change in International Organizations. Berkeley: Univ. Calif. Press
- Haas, Ernst B. 1993. Beware the Slippery Slope: Notes Toward the Definition of Justifiable Intervention. Univ. Calif., Inst. Int. Stud. Policy Pap. No. 42, Berkeley, CA
- Haas, Ernst B. 1997. Nationalism, Liberalism and Progress. Vol. 1. The Rise and Decline of Nationalism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press
- Haas, Ernst B. 2000. Nationalism, Liberalism and Progress. Vol. 2. The Dismal Fate of New Nations. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press
- Hyman, Carol, Media Relations (2003-03-11). "Professor emeritus and prominent international relations scholar Ernst Haas dies at 78". UC Berkeley News. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
- Ruggie, John Gerard; Peter J. Katzenstein; Robert O. Keohane; Philippe C. Schmitter (June 2005). "Transformations IN World Politics: The Intellectual Contributions of Ernst B. Haas" (pdf). Annual Review of Political Science 8: pp 271–296. doi:10.1146/annurev.polisci.8.082103.104843. Retrieved 2007-11-24.