Ernst Gottlieb von Steudel (1783, Esslingen am Neckar - 1856) was a German physician and an authority on grasses.
He was educated at the University of Tübingen, earning his medical doctorate in 1805. Shortly afterwards he settled into a medical practice in his hometown of Esslingen, where with Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Hochstetter (1787-1860), he organized Unio Itineraria. In 1826 he became chief state physician of the Kingdom of Württemberg.
- Nomenclator botanicus, 2 volumes (1821-1824), An alphabetical listing of more than 3300 genera and approximately 40,000 species.
- Enumeratio plantarum Germaniae, 1826 (with Christian Ferdinand Hochstetter).
- Synopsis planterum glumacearum, 2 volumes (1853-1855), Volume I is dedicated to the botanical family Poaceae, and Volume II involves Cyperaceae and affiliated families.