Ernst Johann Eitel
He served in Evangelical-Lutheran Church in Württemberg as pastor. Adopting a Chinese name (Chinese: 歐德理; pinyin: Ōudélǐ), he later came to Lilang, Xin'an district in Canton, China under the Basel Mission. In April 1865 he transferred to the London Missionary Society at Guangzhou to take in charge of the Boluo Mission and the Hakka villages outside Guangzhou. In January 1870 he moved to Hong Kong while still having charge of the Boluo Mission. In 1875 he became Director of Chinese Studies. In April 1879 he resigned from the London Missionary Society.
He then became Inspector of Schools in Hong Kong and later Chinese Secretary to Sir John Pope Hennessy. In 1866 he married Mary Anne Winifred Eaton of the Female Education Society. He died in Adelaide, Australia, in 1908.
A Cantonese Dictionary
Eitel published his Cantonese dictionary, Chinese Dictionary in the Cantonese Dialect in 1877, based on a Cantonese glossary dictionary Tonic Dictionary of the Chinese Language in the Canton Dialect written in 1856 by Samuel Wells Williams. This expanded the work of James Legge on the Kangxi Dictionary. His publication was intended to standardize the pronunciation of Cantonese.
His work was criticised by Wong Shik Ling in the book A Chinese Syllabary Pronounced according to the Dialect of Canton on the basis that it inherited inaccuracies from former works.
- Eitel, Ernest John (1878). Feng-shui: or, The rudiments of natural science in China. HONGKONG: Lane, Crawford. p. 84. Retrieved 2011-07-06.
- Eitel, Ernest John (1877). A Chinese dictionary in the Cantonese dialect, Volume 1. Trübner and Co. p. 1018. Retrieved 2011-07-06.(LONDON : TRÜBNER AND CO., 57 & 59, LUDGATE HILL. HONGKONG: LANE, CRAWFORD & CO.)
- Eitel, Ernest John (1877). A Chinese dictionary in the Cantonese dialect, Volume 2. Trübner and Co. p. 1018. Retrieved 2011-07-06.(LONDON : TRÜBNER AND CO., 57 & 59, LUDGATE HILL. HONGKONG: LANE, CRAWFORD & CO.)
- Eitel, Ernst J. "Hand-Book of Chinese Buddhism, being a Sanskrit-Chinese Dictionary with Vocabularies of Buddhist Terms in Pali, Singhalese, Siamese, Burmese, Tibetan, Mongolian and Japanese", (Second Edition), Tokyo 1904. Reprint: New Delhi, Madras, Asian Educational Services 1992.
- The central school : can it justify its raison d'etre? (1877)
- Buddhism : its historical, theoretical and popular aspects (1873)
- Chinese School-Books (1893)
- Eitel, Ernest John (1895). Europe in China: the history of Hongkong from the beginning to the year 1882. London: Luzac & Co.
- Chinese Dictionaries
- Sweeting, Anthony (2008). "E.J. Eitel's Europe in China: a reappraisal of the messages and the man" (PDF). Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch (Hong Kong) 48: 89–109. ISSN 1991-7295.