1 June 1896|
|Died||17 July 1971
|Alma mater||Karls-Universität Prag|
Ernst Roth (1 June 1896 – 17 July 1971) was a music publisher for Universal Edition in Vienna and Boosey & Hawkes in London, and became the company's director in 1968. He also wrote about music and translated.
Roth was born in Prague, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, into a Jewish family from Bohemia. He received his first piano instructions at age five. His first language was Czech but his education, from kindergarten to university, was in German. Starting in 1915 he studied law, philosophy and music theory at the Charles University in Prague. He was promoted in law in 1921 and continued studies of musicology in Vienna with Guido Adler. After military service in World War I, he was, from the early 1920s, publisher of the Wiener Philharmonischer Verlag. The publishing house was acquired by Universal Edition (UE) in 1925, and Roth worked for UE from 1927, focusing on new editions of the piano works by Mozart, Schubert, Schumann and Brahms. He also wrote more than one hundred articles and three novels.
As a Jew, he emigrated in 1938 to London, where he worked for Boosey & Hawkes. His work was interrupted in 1940 when he was interned in Huyton, Merseyside. Due to intervention by composer Ralph Vaughan Williams, he was released after four months. For Boosey and Hawkes, he made piano reductions of works by composers such as Bach, Beethoven and Mozart. He translated operas and choral works to German, including compositions by Henry Barraud, Benjamin Britten, Alberto Ginastera, Zoltán Kodály, Bohuslav Martinů, Igor Strawinsky, Alexander Tcherepnin and William Walton. Besides Kodály and Strawinsky, Roth especially promoted the composers Béla Bartók and Richard Strauss. In January 1943 he acquired the rights to the works by Strauss, which were held by Adolph Fürstner in Berlin, and in 1946 he organised a Richard Strauss-Festival against opposition because of the composer's political position. From 1949 to 1964, Roth was general manager of Boosey & Hawkes and held leading positions until his death. Roth was instrumental in publishing Four Last Songs by Strauss in 1950 after the composer's death, in the order that most performances now follow.
- Die Grenzen der Künste, Stuttgart: Engelhorn, 1925.
- Eine Wallfahrt zu Mozart – Die Reisetagebücher von Vincent und Mary Novello aus dem Jahre 1829, translation by Roth, Bonn: Boosey & Hawkes, 1959.
- European Music. A Short History, London: Boosey & Hawkes, 1961.
- Vom Vergänglichen in der Musik, Zürich: Atlantis, 1949.
- Musik als Kunst und Ware, Zürich: Atlantis, 1966.
- Fetthauer, Sophie (2013). Ernst Roth "Ernst Roth (in Lexikon verfolgter Musiker und Musikerinnen der NS-Zeit" (in German). University of Hamburg. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- "Roth, Ernst" (in German). Oesterreichisches Musiklexikon. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- Kennedy, Michael (2006). Richard Strauss: Man, Musician, Enigma. Cambridge University Press. p. 385. ISBN 0521027748.
- Jackson, Timothy L. (1992). Ruhe, meine Seele! and the Letzte Orchesterlieder" (in Richard Strauss and his World, ed. Bryan Gilliam). Princeton University Press.
- Literature by and about Ernst Roth in the German National Library catalogue
- Wiener Philharmonischer Verlag: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project