Erpo Freiherr von Bodenhausen

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Erpo Kraft Bodo Ernst Gustav Wilke Freiherr von Bodenhausen
Born 12 April 1897
Schloß Arnstein
Died 9 May 1945(1945-05-09) (aged 48)
Grobin
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1914–45
Rank Generalleutnant
Commands held 12. Panzer Division
L. Armeekorps
Battles/wars

World War I
World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Erpo Kraft Bodo Ernst Gustav Wilke Freiherr von Bodenhausen[a] (12 April 1897 – 9 May 1945) was a German general who commanded the 12th Panzer Division during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Generalleutnant von Bodenhausen committed suicide on 9 May 1945 in the Courland Pocket rather than surrender to Soviet forces.

Awards and decorations[edit]

Wehrmachtbericht references[edit]

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
18 February 1944 ... In diesem Raum hat sich die pommersche 12. Panzerdivision unter Führung des Generalleutnants Freiherr von Bodenhausen besonders bewährt.[2] ... In this area has the Pomeranian 12th Armored Division under the leadership of Lieutenant General Freiherr von Bodenhausen proven itself exceptionally.
28 December 1944 (Addendum) In den harten Kämpfen der dritten Kurlandschlacht haben sich die norddeutsche 225. Infanteriedivision unter Führung von Generalleutnant Risse und die pommersche 12. Panzerdivision unter Führung von Generalleutnant Freiherr von Bodenhausen durch hervorragende Standhaftigkeit ausgezeichnet.[3] In tough combat of the third Courland battle, the North German 225th Infantry Division under the command of Lieutenant General Risse and the Pomeranian 12th Armored Division, led by Lieutenant General Freiherr von Bodenhausen, have shown outstanding steadfastness.

Footnotes[edit]

  • a Regarding personal names: Freiherr is a former title (translated as Baron), which is now legally a part of the last name. The feminine forms are Freifrau and Freiin.

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 116.
  2. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 38.
  3. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 383.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 3, 1 January 1944 to 9 May 1945] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Walter Wessel
Commander of 12. Panzer-Division
1 March 1943 - 28 May 1944
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Gerhard Müller
Preceded by
Generalmajor Gerhard Müller
Commander of 12. Panzer-Division
16 July 1944 - 12 April 1945
Succeeded by
Oberst Horst von Usedom
Preceded by
General der Gebirgstruppe Friedrich-Jobst Volckamer von Kirchensittenbach
Commander of L. Armeekorps
12 April 1945 - 9 May 1945
Succeeded by
None