Ertan Dam

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Ertan Dam
Ertan Dam is located in China
Ertan Dam
Location of Ertan Dam
Official name 二灘大壩
Location Sichuan, China
Coordinates 26°49′15″N 101°46′52″E / 26.82083°N 101.78111°E / 26.82083; 101.78111Coordinates: 26°49′15″N 101°46′52″E / 26.82083°N 101.78111°E / 26.82083; 101.78111
Construction began September 1991
Opening date 26 December 1999
Owner(s) Ertan Hydropower Development Company,Ltd.
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Arch
Impounds Yalong River
Height 240 m (787 ft)
Length 774.7 m (2,542 ft)
Dam volume 5,857,000 m3 (206,838,003 cu ft)
Spillway type 7 x crest outlets, 2 x flood tunnels
Spillway capacity 6,260 m3/s (221,070 cu ft/s)
Tunnels:7,400 m3/s (261,329 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Creates Ertan Reservoir
Total capacity 5,800,000,000 m3 (4,702,137 acre·ft)
Catchment area 116,400 km2 (44,942 sq mi)
Surface area 101 km2 (39 sq mi)
Power station
Hydraulic head 189 m (620 ft) (max gross)
Turbines 6 × 550 MW Francis turbines
Installed capacity 3,300 MW
Annual generation 17 TWh

The Ertan Dam (simplified Chinese: 二滩大坝; traditional Chinese: 二灘大壩; pinyin: Èrtān Dàbà) is an arch dam on the Yalong River, a tributary of the Yangtze River in Sichuan Province, southwest China.

The dam has six hydroelectric generators, each with a generating capacity of 550 MW. The total generating capacity of the facility is 3,300 MW, one of the largest hydroelectric stations in China. The annual production is 17 TWh, and until December 5th 2006, it has produced over 100 TWh of electricity. Construction of the dam started on September 1991 and was completed on December 26, 1999.[1][2] A total of 12,638,000 m3 (446,306,758 cu ft) of material was excavated during construction.

Design[edit]

The Ertan Dam is a 240 m (787 ft) high and 774.7 m (2,542 ft) long double-curvature arch dam. The dam withholds a normal reservoir of 5,800,000,000 m3 (4,702,137 acre·ft) with a drainage area of 116,400 km2 (44,942 sq mi) and normal surface area of 101 km2 (39 sq mi). The dam has four different ways to discharge water downstream. First, the dam's spillway's which contain 7 x floodgates at the crest and two flood tunnels can discharge 6,260 m3/s (221,070 cu ft/s) and 7,400 m3/s (261,329 cu ft/s) respectively. The dam also contains 6 x middle outlets and 4 x bottom outlets that can discharge 6,930 m3/s (244,731 cu ft/s) and 2,084 m3/s (73,596 cu ft/s) respectively. The dam's power station is located underground along with its transformer room which is in a separate cavern. Additionally, the power station is supported by an underground surge chamber as well.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ertan Hydroelectric Dam
  2. ^ 我国西部的最大水电站二滩水电站全面建成投产
  3. ^ "Ertan Hydropower Project". Chinese National Committee on Large Dams. Retrieved 8 January 2011.