Eruvadi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eruvadi
city
Eruvadi is located in Tamil Nadu
Eruvadi
Eruvadi
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 8°26′45″N 77°36′17″E / 8.44583°N 77.60472°E / 8.44583; 77.60472Coordinates: 8°26′45″N 77°36′17″E / 8.44583°N 77.60472°E / 8.44583; 77.60472
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tirunelveli
Population (2001)
 • Total 14,716
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 627103
Telephone code 91 4637

Eruvadi is a panchayat town in Tirunelveli district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Eruvadi had a population of 14,716. Males constitute 46% of the population and females 54%. Eruvadi has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 76%. In Eruvadi, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Geography[edit]

The Nambi River flows through the town.

It is roughly 38 km from Tirunelveli Town. The nearest railway station is at Valliyur which is at a distance of 5 km from Eruvadi. Eruvadi is connected by road to Chennai(670 km), capital of Tamil Nadu(670 km), Madurai (205 km), and other major towns in South India. The nearest international airport is Thiruvananthapuram (125 km)

Thiruvaranganeri[edit]

History of Eruvadi[edit]

The original ancient name of the Eruvadi was "AIR PAADI". During the ploughing season in the paddy field, the people used to sing songs while ploughing, that is why it was called as "AIR PAADI'. Over time the name changed to "AIR VAADI".

During the period of British Rule the district collector could not pronounce Airvaadi properly. They used to call "ERUVADI". So in English it has became "Eruvadi".

Eruvadi has existed for 800 to 1000 years. The original Eruvadi village was situated on the southern bank of Nambi River, adjoining the temple and the surrounding paddy fields. The small bushed wilderness on the northern side of Nambi river was called "PULIYUR" (at present 1st street to 9th street area). The adjoining village is called "PULIYUR KURICHI" which is next to Eruvadi.

The spread of Islam led to the city's expansion, from 400 to 700 years ago.[2] According to local tradition, Eruvadi was subject to Islamic conquest by a Sufi warrior-saint named Saiyid Ibrahim, with his 3000 warrior disciples, in the twelfth century.[3][4] The City was spread to Puliyur on the North side of the river with the streets ending at the river bank. The ancient people of Eruvadi was good at cultivation, trade and finance. The ancient people of Eruvadi joined with the Army of King Pandian Kulasekaran and went to fight with Cheran King and won the battle near "PANAKUDI" when Cheran King comes to occupy Pandian kingdom. Eruvadi is also called as Pulianjuvanam. There is a inscription is Muhaam Jumam Masjid about the name Pulianjuvanam.[5]

Places of worship[edit]

Euvadi has Muslim, Hindu and Christian population and each community has their place of worship.

Masjid[edit]

Eruvadi masjids are

  • Mela Muhallam Jumma Masjid
  • Peer Shahib Grand Mosque
  • Baith As Salam Masjid
  • Mohaideen Masjid
  • Muhaam Jumma Masjid[6]

Temples[edit]

  • Perumal kovil - Located in Eruvadi-Tirukurengudi Road
  • Harihara saastha Temple
  • Periyanaayaki Amman Temple

Church[edit]

  • St Josephs Church

Health Care Establishments[edit]

The main health care establishments people of Eruvadi visit are Al-Hudha Hospital, Mercy Nursing Home, Mukesh Clinic & Mustafa Clinic - Child Care. Also there is Madina Siddah and few other clinics attended by doctors part-time.

Al-Hudha Hospital[edit]

Attended by Dr. Peer Mohamed for a fee of 20rs. Located at Bismi Nagar northeast of 3rd Street.

Mercy Nursing Home[edit]

Attended by Dr. Jayachandra Pandiyan. MBBS, DCH. Located at North Main Road. Emergency cases are attended 24x7. A branch of Mercy Nursing home is located in 6th Street, Attending time:10 a.m. to 1 p.m. and from 6 to 9 p.m.

Mustafa Hospital[edit]

Attended by Dr.Hameed Mustafa, Located at 9th Street. Child care specialist. Popular for his treatments and the medicines he prescribes which are without any side effects. Son in law of Dr.Shaffi.

Mukesh Clinic[edit]

Attended by Dr. Thangaraj. MBBS, DCH, Located at North Main Road, North of Popular Rice Mill.

Madina Siddah (Siddah, Unaani)[edit]

Attended by Dr.Jameel, Located at North Main Road, North of Kandy Store.

Education[edit]

Eruvadi has two matriculation Schools: Rani Matriculation Higher Secondary School and Al-Huda Matriculation Higher Secondary School. Eruvadi also has a government higher secondary school for boys and girls. Also people of Eruvadi prefer to the schools located in the nearby town Vallioor and nearby. Among them Annai Matriculation Hr.Sec.School, Kings Matriculation Hr.Sec. School and Keins Matriculation Hr.Sec. School is popular.

Other schools located in Eruvadi are:

  • Rettakkaal School
  • Panchayat Union Middle School
  • SV Hindu Primary School

There is a Engineering College: PET Engineering College in a 11.1 km distance from Eruvadi Bus stand. Keins educational college for teacher training, Nehru nursing college and TDMNS Arts college is located in the surrounding towns.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. ^ http://www.nellaieruvadi.com/history.asp
  3. ^ Bayly, Susan. Saints, goddesses, and kings: Muslims and Christians in South Indian Society, 1700-1900. Cambridge [England: Cambridge University Press, 1989. Print.
  4. ^ Marshall, P. J.. The eighteenth century in Indian history: evolution or revolution?. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2003. Print.
  5. ^ http://www.nellaieruvadi.com/article/images/posted/NellaiEruvadi_Article_1191_3_2012524-423.jpg
  6. ^ http://www.nellaieruvadi.com/article/article.asp?aid=1191