Erynnis horatius

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Horace's Duskywing
Erynnis horatius1.jpg
Female
Erynnis horatius male.jpg
Male
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Hesperiidae
Tribe: Erynnini
Genus: Erynnis
Species: E. horatius
Binomial name
Erynnis horatius
(Scudder & Burgess, 1870)
Synonyms
  • Nisoniades horatius Scudder & Burgess, 1870
  • Nisoniades virgilius Scudder & Burgess, 1870
  • Nisoniades petronius Mead, 1875 (nom. nud.)
  • Nisoniades petronius Lintner, 1881
  • Thanaos petronius (Lintner, 1881)
  • Thanaos horatius (Scudder & Burgess, 1870)

Horace's Duskywing (Erynnis horatius) is a butterfly of the Hesperiidae family. It is found from Massachusetts, west to eastern South Dakota, south through most of the eastern United States to Florida, the Gulf Coast, and southern Texas, south in the west through south-eastern Utah, Colorado, north-eastern Arizona, and New Mexico. Fringes are brown. Upperside of male forewing is dark brown with little contrast and no white overscaling. Upperside of female forewing is light brown with a contrasting pattern and large transparent spots. Underside of hindwing is usually without 2 spots below the apex. The male has a costal fold containing yellow scent scales; the female has a patch of scent scales on the 7th abdominal segment.

The wingspan is 36–49 mm. There are two generations in the north, with adults on the wing from April to September; there are three generations in the deep south and Texas, with adults on the wing from January to November. Adults prefer open woodlands and edges, clearings, fencerows, wooded swamps, power-line right-of-ways, open fields, and roadsides

The larvae feed on young leaves of red and white oaks, including Quercus phellos, Quercus velutina, Quercus ilicifolia, Quercus nigra, Quercus stellata, and Quercus virginiana. Adults feed on various flowers of plants up to about 4.5 feet tall, including dogbane, buttonbush, sneezeweed, goldenrod, peppermint, boneset, and winter cress.

External links[edit]