Erythrina caffra

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Erythrina caffra
Erythrina caffra, KZN NBT, a.jpg
Growth habit of a mature tree
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Erythrina
Species: E. caffra
Binomial name
Erythrina caffra
Thunb.
Synonyms

Erythrina viarium Tod.

Erythrina caffra, the Coast Coral Tree or African coral tree, is a tree native to southeastern Africa, which is often cultivated and has introduced populations in India.[1] It is the official tree of Los Angeles, California in the United States.[2]

Description[edit]

Erythrina caffra tree

Erythrina caffra is a medium to large deciduous tree. It grows in coastal bushes and riverine forests along the south eastern coast of South Africa and up into Zululand.

Leaves[edit]

Erythrina caffra leaves

The leaves are made up of three leaflets. Each leaflet is broadly ovate to elliptical. The leaflets do not have prickles and are hairless.

Flowers[edit]

Eryhtrina caffra flower

The flowers are made up of a main petal and four small petals. The main petal curves back to expose the stamens. This is one of the main differences between Erythrina caffra and Erythrina lysistemon. The flowers form stalked axillary racemes up to 100mm long.

Trunk[edit]

Erythrina caffra trunk

The bark is reasonably smooth with thorns every now and then. The younger the branch the sharper the thorns.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Erythrina caffra". ILDIS World Database of Legumes, version 10.01. 
  2. ^ Advisory Committee on Technology Innovation, Board on Science and Technology for International Development, Commission on International Relations, National Research Council (1979). Tropical Legumes: Resources for the Future. National Academy of Sciences. p. 258. 

External links[edit]