|Tree in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.|
Erythrina variegata (syn. E. indica Lam., E. variegata var. orientalis (L.) Merr.; Tiger's Claw, Indian Coral Tree and Sunshine Tree; Pāli: pāricchattaka; Sanskrit: pārijāta, पारिजात) is a species of Erythrina native to the tropical and subtropical regions of eastern Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, northern Australia, and the islands of the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean east to Fiji.
It is known as the Roluos Tree in Cambodia, deigo or deegu on Okinawa, drala on Fiji, madar in Bangladesh, Modar in Assam, dapdap in the Philippines, erabadu in Sri Lanka, man da ra ba in Tibet, as thong lang in Thailand and as vông nem in Vietnam.
It is a thorny deciduous tree growing to 27 m (89 ft) tall. The leaves are pinnate with a 20 cm petiole and three leaflets, each leaflet up to 20 cm long and broad. It has dense clusters of scarlet or crimson flowers and black seeds.
It was designated the official flower of Okinawa Prefecture in 1967. The deigo flower features in the popular song "Shima Uta" by The Boom, one of the most well-known songs associated with Okinawa. In addition, the use of the wood of the deigo tree is one of the unique characteristics of Ryukyuan lacquerware.
In Vietnam, the leaves are used to wrap fermented meat (Vietnamese: nem).
Media related to Erythrina variegata at Wikimedia Commons
- Elevitch, Craig R.; W. Arthur Whistler (April 2006). Erythrina variegata (coral tree) (PDF). The Traditional Tree Initiative.
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