Common names: old world sand boas. [2 ]
is a Eryx genus of nonvenomous boas found in southeastern Europe, northern Africa, the Middle East and southwestern Asia. Eight species are currently recognized. [2 ]
Geographic range [ edit ]
Found in southeastern
Europe, northern Africa, the Middle East and southwestern Asia. [1 ]
Species [ edit ]
In addition to the species listed below, the genus formerly included three species now placed in
[2 ] Taxon author
[2 ] Subsp.*
[2 ] Common name
E. elegans (
Gray, 1849) 0
Central Asian sand boa
Turkmenistan, northern Iran (the Kopet Dag mountains in the north-east and the Azerbaijan region in the north-west) and Afghanistan.
E. jaculus T (
Linnaeus, 1758) 0
Javelin sand boa
Europe in Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Albania and Greece (including Corfu and the Cyclades). The Caucasus. The Middle East in Syria, Israel, northeastern Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran. Africa north of the Sahara from Morocco to Egypt.
Boulenger, 1888 0
Saudi Arabian sand boa
From the east and south of the
Arabian Peninsula north to Khūzestān Province in Iran.
E. johnii (Russell, 1801)
Indian sand boa
From Iran through
Pakistan into northwestern and southern India.
E. miliaris (
Pallas, 1773) 0
Dwarf sand boa
From the northern Caucasus and the north coast of the
Caspian Sea east through Kazakhstan to the north coast of the Aral Sea and Lake Balkhash, though the Zaysan Valley to Sinkiang in China and southern Mongolia. Also in northern and eastern Iran, Afghanistan and western Pakistan.
E. somalicus Scortecci, 1939
Somalian sand boa
E. tataricus (Lichtenstein, 1823)
Tartar sand boa
From the northern coast of the Aral Sea, Kazakhstan and Lake Balkhash, through the Zaysan Valley to northern Sinkiang in China and southern Mongolia, the southeastern
Kyzyl Kum desert, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu in China, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and southern Tajikistan.
E. whitakeri Das, 1991
Whitaker's sand boa
Southwestern coastal India in
Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and southern Maharashtra.
*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
) T Type species. [1 ]
Taxonomy [ edit ]
A new species,
E. borrii, found in Somalia, was described by Lanza and Nistri (2005). [3 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c d McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
^ a b c d e ". Eryx" Integrated Taxonomic Information System . Retrieved 7 July 2008.
^ Lanza B, Nistri A. 2005. Somali Boidae (genus Eryx Daudin 1803) and Pythonidae (genus Python Daudin 1803) (Reptilia Serpentes). Tropical Zoology 18 (1): 67-136.
External links [ edit ]