Eryx (genus)

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Eryx
Eryx jaculus.jpg
Javelin sand boa, E. jaculus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Boidae
Subfamily: Erycinae
Genus: Eryx
Daudin, 1803
Synonyms
Common names: Old World sand boas.[2]

Eryx is a genus of nonvenomous boas found in southeastern Europe, northern Africa, the Middle East, and southwestern Asia. Nine species are currently recognized.[2]

Geographic range[edit]

Found in southeastern Europe, northern Africa, the Middle East, and southwestern Asia.[1]

Description[edit]

Head not distinct from neck. Dorsal surface of head covered with small scales. Rostral large. Eye small or very small. Pupil vertical. Anterior maxillary teeth and anterior mandibular teeth longer than posterior teeth. Body cylindrical. Dorsal scales smooth or keeled. Tail very short, either not prehensile or only slightly prehensile. Subcaudals single (undivided).[3]

Species[edit]

In addition to the species listed below, the genus formerly included three species now placed in the genus Gongylophis.

Species[2] Taxon author[2] Subsp.*[2] Common name Geographic range[1]
E. elegans (Gray, 1849) 0 Central Asian sand boa Southern Turkmenistan, northern Iran (the Kopet Dag mountains in the north-east and the Azerbaijan region in the north-west) and Afghanistan.
E. jaculusT (Linnaeus, 1758) 0 Javelin sand boa Eastern Europe in Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Albania and Greece (including Corfu and the Cyclades). The Caucasus. The Middle East in Syria, Israel, northeastern Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran. Africa north of the Sahara from Morocco to Egypt.
E. jayakari Boulenger, 1888 0 Saudi Arabian sand boa From the east and south of the Arabian Peninsula north to Khūzestān Province in Iran.
E. johnii (Russell, 1801) 0 Indian sand boa From Iran through Pakistan into northwestern and southern India.
E. miliaris (Pallas, 1773) 0 Dwarf sand boa From the northern Caucasus and the north coast of the Caspian Sea east through Kazakhstan to the north coast of the Aral Sea and Lake Balkhash, though the Zaysan Valley to Sinkiang in China and southern Mongolia. Also in northern and eastern Iran, Afghanistan and western Pakistan.
E. somalicus Scortecci, 1939 0 Somalian sand boa Somalia.
E. tataricus (Lichtenstein, 1823) 2 Tartar sand boa From the northern coast of the Aral Sea, Kazakhstan and Lake Balkhash, through the Zaysan Valley to northern Sinkiang in China and southern Mongolia, the southeastern Kyzyl Kum desert, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu in China, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and southern Tajikistan.
E. whitakeri Das, 1991 0 Whitaker's sand boa Southwestern coastal India in Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and southern Maharashtra.

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type species.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

A new species, E. borrii, found in Somalia, was described by Lanza and Nistri (2005).[4] The specific name, borrii, is in honor of Italian zoologist Marco Borri.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d e "Eryx". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 7 July 2008. 
  3. ^ Boulenger GA. 1893. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume I., Containing the Families ... Boidæ ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiii + 448 pp. + Plates I-XXVIII. (Genus Eryx, p. 122-123, Figure 7).
  4. ^ Lanza B, Nistri A. 2005. Somali Boidae (genus Eryx Daudin 1803) and Pythonidae (genus Python Daudin 1803) (Reptilia Serpentes). Tropical Zoology 18 (1): 67-136.
  5. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Eryx borrii, p. 32).

Further reading[edit]

  • Daudin FM. 1803. Histoire Naturelle, Génerale et Particulière des Reptiles; Ouvrage faisant suite aux Œuvres de Leclerc de Buffon, et partie du Cours complet d'Histoire naturelle rédigé par C.S. Sonnini, membre de plusieurs Sociétés savantes. Tome septième [Volume 7]. Paris: F. Dufart. 436 pp. (Eryx, new genus, pp. 251-253).

External links[edit]