Es ist das Heil uns kommen her
|"Es ist das Heil uns kommen her"|
"Es ist das heyl vns kommen her" in the Erfurt Enchiridion, 1524
|English||Salvation now has come for all|
|Text||by Paul Speratus|
Es ist das Heil uns kommen her (originally: Es ist das heyl vns kommen her, English: Salvation now has come for all or more literally: It is our salvation come here to us) is a Lutheran hymn in 14 stanzas by Paul Speratus. It was first published as one of eight songs in 1524 in the first Lutheran hymnal, the Achtliederbuch, which contained four songs by Luther, three by Speratus, and one by Justus Jonas. The same year it appeared in Erfurt in Eyn Enchiridion.
According to tradition, Speratus wrote this hymn while he was in prison in Olomouc, condemned for his evangelical beliefs to death by fire. Only by the intercession of friends was he released, on condition that he leave Moravia.
The text by Speratus is based on Paul's Epistle to the Romans, Romans 3:28. and expresses Luther's teaching about salvation. According to Scott Hendrix, "It not only emphasizes justification by faith alone but it also underlines the vitality of that faith manifested in service to others. A modern English version of the hymn's first stanza, which appears on the back cover of Hendrix's book Early Protestant Spirituality, is as follows:
- Salvation unto us has come
- by God's free grace and favor;
- Good works cannot avert our doom,
- they help and save us never.
- Faith looks to Jesus Christ alone,
- who did for all the world atone,
- He is our mediator.
- Salvation unto us has come
Speratus set his words to the tune of an Easter chorale from the 15th century, Freu dich, du werte Christenheit.
The 11th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, lists "Salvation now has come for all" as one of the Lutheran hymns "which at the time produced the greatest effect, and are still best remembered." It has been translated into English by many authors, including Miles Coverdale ("Now is our health come from above," 1539), Henry Mills ("Our whole salvation doth depend On God's free grace and Spirit," 1845), and Catherine Winkworth ("Salvation hath come down to us," 1869).
The hymn, focused on essential Lutheran teaching, was frequently set for organ and for voices.
Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck composed Prelude and Chorale Variations (two variations). Samuel Scheidt composed four parts as No. 46 of Das Görlitzer Tabulaturbuch (1650). Matthias Weckmann wrote Chorale Variations. Dieterich Buxtehude composed a chorale prelude, BuxWV 186, in C major. Chorale Prelude were further composed by Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow and Johann Gottfried Walther (LV 84).
Between 1708 and 1714, while Johann Sebastian Bach was court organist at the ducal court in Weimar, he compiled chorale preludes for the liturgical year in his Orgelbüchlein and included it as a catechism hymn, BWV 638. Georg Friedrich Kauffmann published a Chorale Prelude in Leipzig in 1733. Johann Ludwig Krebs also wrote a Chorale Prelude. In 1902 Max Reger included the chorale in his Fifty-two Chorale Preludes, Op. 67, in 1914 again in his Op. 135a.
Arnold von Bruck composed a setting for four voices, published in 1544. Hans Leo Hassler wrote a four-part setting, Johann Hermann Schein set it twice with basso continuo, once for two sopranos (1618), once for four parts (1627). Georg Philipp Telemann composed in 1719 a sacred cantata on a text by Erdmann Neumeister Es ist das Heil uns kommen her.
Bach used the stanzas 11 and 12 in several of his cantatas in 1716, 1723 and 1724. Between 1732 and 1735, he used twelve stanzas as the base for his chorale cantata of the same name, BWV 9. Johannes Brahms composed it in 1860 as one of two motets for a five-part mixed chorus a cappella, Op. 29, a four-part chorale followed by an "elaborate fugal variation on the chorale melody".
- Julian, John (1892). A dictionary of hymnology: setting forth the origin and history of Christian. C. Scribner's Sons. pp. 1073–4.
- "Early German Lutheran and Reformation Hymnals 1524 Achtliederbuch". Douglas D. Anderson. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Julian, John (1892). A dictionary of hymnology: setting forth the origin and history of Christian. C. Scribner's Sons. p. 414.
- Tschackert, Paul (1895). Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, Volume 35 (in German). Historischen Kommission bei der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. pp. 123–135. "...only through the intercession of respected aristocrats was he rescued from death by fire, to which he had been condemned ... in this prison he composed the Protestant hymn "There is salvation come forth to us.""nur durch die Fürbitte angesehener Magnaten vor dem Feuertode, zu dem er verurtheilt war, gerettet...er in dieser Haft das evangelische Glaubenslied „Es ist das Heil uns kommen her“ gedichtet hat
- "Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law." Rom. 3:28 KJV
- "People " Speratus, Paulus, 1484-1554 " Texts". Calvin College. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
- Hendrix, Scott H. (2009). Early Protestant Spirituality. Paulist Press. pp. 182–5. ISBN 0-8091-4211-2.
- "Chorale Melodies used in Bach's Vocal Works / Es ist das Heil uns kommen her". bach-cantatas.com. 2005. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
- d'Aubigné, Jean Henri Merle (1846). History of the Reformation in the sixteenth century. "The Reformer, who had never till then heard that Christian hymn, listened with delight and astonishment; and what further angmented these feelings, was the foreign accent of the person who sang. "Again! again!" he exclaimed when the beggar had finished. He then asked him where the hymn could have come from; the tears rushed from his eyes when the poor man told him that it was from the shores of the Baltic that a shout of deliverance was resounding as far as Wittenberg; and then, clasping his hands, he thanked God with a joyful heart."
- Lamb, Robert (1866). Free thoughts on many subjects. Longmans, Green and Co. pp. 139–140. "It is related of him by Seckendorf, the historian of the Reformation, that, as he was one day sitting in his study at Wittenberg; he was affected to tears by hearing a beggar singing in the streets the hymn of Paul Speratus, 'Es ist das Heil uns kommen her...", and that he at once felt how powerful an instrument he had in such compositions set to good music for the propagation of his startling doctrines."
- Winkworth, Catherine (1884). Christian Singers of Germany. pp. 123–4. Retrieved 29 July 2011. "...sounds to us like a bit out of the Augsburg Confession done into rhyme. But in his own day it was as popular as Luther's hymns, and Luther himself is said to have given his last coin to a Prussian beggar from whom he heard it for the first time."
- Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14. 1910. p. 188.
|German Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Es ist das Heil uns kommen her / Text and Translation of Chorale bach-cantatas.com 2005