Located at an altitude of 1,023 meters, the municipality is 39.21 km² and borders the north Peralveche to the north, Salmerón and the Province of Cuenca to the east, Pareja to the west and Millana to the south. The creek drains the municipal Escamilla to Guadiela River Basin to the south. The highlight of the term is the Villar, with 1,102 meters, located just over 2 miles north of the town, while the lowest point lies to the south, about 800 meters.
Escamilla was an important town in the mid-twentieth century, when the of the cultivation of lavender gave some economic importance to Escamilla. The abandonment of it for various reasons caused a period of decline, whose traces are still visible in the ruins of the lavander distillery, located some 100 meters south of the village. This decline accelerated the process of migration and the resulting depopulation. In 1960 Escamilla still had 591 inhabitants, but population decreased to 353 according to the census of 1970 and more than 100 people in 2000. In 2005, according to calculations by D. Guerrero Felix Villalba, a resident of the village, the number of permanent residents of the town was only about 40 people.
Recent Demographic Trends
In the above table are in parentheses Escamilla inhabitants according to data from the municipal census of the National Statistics Institute. No data is available for 1997.
Figures in parentheses indicate the number of inhabitants by sex (male and female)
Data are from a population of high average age, in which a few exceptions, women are predominate for superior life expectancy.