Escape chair

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

About the Evacuation/Escape-Chair/EVAC Chair[edit]

Evacuation Chair Photographed by MECSL

An Evacuation Chair is an universal device manufactured for the smooth descent of stairways in the event of an emergency. The simple single user operation reduces risk of pulling muscles, as no heavy lifting is required to ensure save evacuation of a person. It is required by the DDA ACT,[1] which states that every person is to have a safe entrance and egress of a building.

Types Of Chairs[edit]

The original Escape-Chair, with various models for various situations, addresses the need for an evacuation solution in case there is an emergency, and egress out of a structure or vessel becomes imperative.

The table below is based on the Escape-Chair Standard and the Comfort model for comparison.

Standard Comfort
Seat Belt 2 Level Telescopic extendable handle.
Head Strap Foot & Armrests
Wide Wheelbase For Enhanced Stability Ergonomic Dual Back Support
Height 102 cm Height 120 cm
Width 51 cm Width 57 cm
Depth 18 cm Depth 21 cm
Weight 10 kg Weight 13.5 kg
Payload 150 kg Payload 150 kg

These are based on an Evac Chair 300h Mk4 And an IBEX Transeat

Basic Chair Advanced Chair
Seat Strap Telescopic extendable handle.
Head Strap Adjustable brake
Kickstand with wheels for easy movability Oxygen cylinder holder
Height 104 cm Height 110 cm
Width 52 cm Width 46 cm
Depth 20 cm Depth 36 cm
Weight 9.5 kg Weight 14.5 kg
Payload 182 kg Payload 159 kg

Enhanced models can have chairs that require 2 person operation, however, these are more commonly used in ambulances. Lifting handles are used for descent and ascent of stairs. Caterpillar tracks are also used on the stairs.

Law Regarding Chairs[edit]

There are several laws regarding the chairs, including the DDA ACT as mentioned above. It states that all buildings must have sufficient entrance and egress for anyone who enterst the building.

Another law regarding chairs is the RRFSO.[2] Created in 2005, this regulation states that fire officers are not required to enter buildings.

Failure to follow the above laws can result in serious issues. If a person was to perish in the building due to a lack of adequate evacuation equipment, the owners or operators of the building could be charged with Corporate manslaughter.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DDA ACT, The DDA Act was created in 1995 and has been amended since, the latest amendment was in 2005
  2. ^ RRFSO. The RRFSO was created in 2005
  3. ^ Corporate Manslaughter