Escape the room

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Adventure games

Escape the room, also known as room escape or escape game, is a subgenre of point-and-click adventure game which requires a player to escape from imprisonment by exploiting their surroundings. They are usually created as a freeware browser game for the Adobe Flash platform,[1] but similar game mechanics have been identified in PC and console games such as Myst[2] and 999: Nine Hours, Nine Persons, Nine Doors.[3][4] Some examples include "Crimson Room", "Viridian Room", "MOTAS", "Droom". The room usually consists of a locked door, several objects to manipulate as well as hidden clues or secret compartments. The player must use the objects to interact with other items in the room to reveal a way to escape.[5][6]


The basic gameplay mechanism of having the player trapped in a single location dates back at least to John Wilson's 1988 text adventure Behind Closed Doors,[7] in which the player is trapped inside a toilet. The term originated in 2001 from the MOTAS game,[8] though there are many older examples of the point-and-click variation, such as Noctropolis, and even earlier examples from the text adventure canon. The genre was further popularized in 2004 by the Japanese "Crimson Room" game by Toshimitsu Takagi, which has spread throughout the internet and can be seen on many gaming websites.

While a single-location game may not be set inside a room, and while the player's goal may not necessarily be escape, in 2002 the interactive fiction community first hosted a One Room Game Competition (attracting six entries, all in Italian), and in 2006 Riff Conner wrote Another Goddamn Escape the Locked Room Game, indicating that the genre is well known in the contemporary interactive fiction hobbyist community.


Most escape-the-room games play from a first-person perspective, where the player must click on objects to interact with them. Most room escape games offer only token plots, usually a short cut scene consisting only of text to establish how the player got there, and sometimes another when the game is finished.[2][5][6] Room escapes usually have a minimalistic interface, ambient soundtrack, and no non-player characters; elements which can enhance the gamer's sense of isolation.[1]

During gameplay the player must click on objects to either interact with them or add them to their inventory. As the player passes the mouse over the game screen, usually the mouse cursor will change shape (e.g. to a hand or different kind of arrow) if the item under the cursor can be used, opened, manipulated, collected, searched or (if an exit) followed, but some games do not provide such hints to the player. If the object cannot be collected, opened, used or manipulated, the player is usually assumed to be inspecting it; in most cases, the player will see a brief text description.[6] The player must collect items and use them with various objects (or other items in the inventory) to find a way to get out of the room. Some games require that the player solves several rooms in succession. Some escape the room games require significant amounts of pixel hunting (tedious searching for a small clickable area), which can frustrate players.[1] For example, when reviewing the PSP game "Crimson Room Reverse" (a collection of room escape games that were originally free online flash games), critic Brad Gallaway said, "Key items are often hidden behind other items, and the player has no way of knowing these areas exist or that it's possible to search there unless the cursor falls in a very specific location, sometimes a "hot spot" as small as a few pixels."[9] Another problem is translations, being that most escape the room games are Japanese, causing poor hints and otherwise easily solved puzzles to be both confusing and grammatically incorrect.[citation needed]

Most escape-the-room games include at least one puzzle, such as a sliding-block puzzle, a jigsaw puzzle (or a similar type in which a note is pieced together), a colour puzzle or a word or number puzzle. These might be combined, as for instance when a painting of a rainbow hides a safe, and the safe combination is found by counting the number of appropriately coloured objects in the room and entering those as digits.

Some clichés of escape-the-room games are the following:[citation needed]

  • A wastepaper basket in which or under which is a clue.
  • The safe holding an important key or clue
  • The dresser or set of cupboards, whose drawers must be individually searched
  • The bookcase, each of whose books might contain a clue
  • The flat surface whose underside might hold a clue—e.g. tables, chairs or benches
  • The two-sided flat object, such as a poster or painting, whose reverse side holds a clue, tool or key
  • The screwdriver
  • The inexplicable object that the player discovers early in the game, which later turns out to be one of many such parts that combine to form an outlandish but necessary device (e.g. rounded prongs that turn out to be the ears of a toy rabbit that completes a set, thus opening a hidden compartment)
  • The rug whose corners flip over to reveal tools or keys or trapdoors
  • The movable box, chair or table, which either reveals a hidden object or allows the player to reach high shelves and ledges
  • The bed, which often has something hidden under or in a pillow, under the blankets or under the frame
  • The crack between furniture and the wall, which often conceals a key or clue
  • The cushion or pillow that must be slashed open with a knife to reveal some important object inside

These elements rarely combine in any straightforward way. For instance, a player may find a keycard under a rug, but the card is useless until they find a code on the backside of a painting. The code and keycard are then used to open a cash register, which has a small brass key in its till, which in turn opens the basement door and thus allows the player to explore a new room and find important items. Escape-the-room games rarely permit quick escape, and the opening cut-scenes usually explain that the player has been trapped by malevolent, sometimes even supernatural, forces.

Real-life versions[edit]

Real-life events have been put on to resemble room escape games. One company that sets up "Real Escape Game" events is Puzzle Break, currently operating in Seattle, Washington, using a team format for the games. Another is SCRAP Entertainment, Inc., whose website describes how the team-based puzzle solving physically draws the player into the story.[4][10][11] Another company, Enigma Productions, operating out of St. Louis, Missouri, focuses on the puzzle-solving aspect rather than the object-hunting format typically found in other rooms.[12][13]

In Australia, (Exitus) is the first and largest real life escape the room venue - opening in Melbourne in April 2014. Exitus has other locations opening in Melbourne and Sydney later in 2014.

In Europe, the Hungarian Parapark, featuring logical games, and the Swiss AdventureRooms, which focuses on puzzles and experiments with real objects, have been the pioneers of Real Escape games. The Germany company TIXS, Totally Immersive Xperience Systems runs Countdown Games, with story based puzzles against the clock.

AdventureRooms has expanded to North America (Canada, USA).

Riddle Room Is an escape the room game in Minneapolis.

Hinthunt has set up rooms in London, UK in 2012 and the second London based live escape the room game clueQuest opened in 2013 which offers a secret agent themed scenario and is also run by Hungarians. In Spain, Parapark offer escape the room games.

In Asia, there are several companies offering escape the room games. Many countries have local variations. In Thailand, The Escape Hunt Experience was the first to open in Bangkok with a period themed detective adventure. Other cities with a choice of games are Hong Kong, Singapore, Jakarta and Kuala Lumpur.

OMESCAPE, the large scale multi-countries provider for Real Escape Games has opened its first location in North America in San Francisco Bay Area. OMESCAPE has a focus on combining puzzles, story line, decoration and music together. [14][15]


  1. ^ a b c Alexander, Leigh (2013-01-25). "Could The Room's success predict a new trend?". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2013-03-23. 
  2. ^ a b Meer, Alec (October 6, 2009). "Room Escape: A Secret Giant?". Rock Paper Shotgun. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  3. ^ "The Two Parts Of Extreme Escape: 9 Hours 9 People 9 Doors / Siliconera". Siliconera. January 10, 2010. Retrieved 2013-01-08. "The first is the Escape Part. Here, you explore the rooms and use the DS touchscreen to examine everything in the room -– anything that could give you a hint on how to escape from the locked room. As you discover new things, the people with you will also give their input and provide you with more hints. Sometimes, you can also find usable items, which can be combined with other items for various purposes. Once you solve all the mysteries in the room, it is possible to unlock the door and escape." 
  4. ^ a b Hamilton, Kirk (2013-01-28). "I Spent Saturday Morning Solving Puzzles In The Belly Of A Naval Battleship". Kotaku. Retrieved 2013-03-23. 
  5. ^ a b "Escape-the-Room Games: A History, A Catalogue, and an Explanation - Kino Diaries". October 12, 2009. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  6. ^ a b c Brown, Kristine (September 4, 2012). "Reading Escape from the Blue Room - Digital Rhetoric and New Media". Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  7. ^ World of Spectrum: Behind Closed Doors
  8. ^ Ransom-Wiley, James (2007-01-15). "New MOTAS levels to point and click thru". Joystiq. Retrieved 2007-12-14. 
  9. ^ Gallaway, Brad (January 7, 2010). "Crimson Room: Reverse Review / - Games. Culture. Criticism.". Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  10. ^ Kosman, Joshua (2013-02-28). "Real Escape at Japantown's New People". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2013-03-23. 
  11. ^ Real Escape Game official website
  12. ^ Wicentowski, Danny (2014-04-17). ""Real Escape Rooms," the diabolical Japanese puzzle game, comes to St. Louis". Riverfront Times. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  13. ^ Enigma Productions official website
  14. ^ OMESCAPE official website
  15. ^ The Daily Californian on OMESCAPE