The grape is grown in diminishing quantities at the southern end of the island. After phylloxera devastated the Madeira's vineyards the grape became more common on the mainland, where it is known as Esgana or Esgana Cão. Its late ripening allows it to retain its characteristic acidity.
Madeira made from the Sercial grape.
The anglicised name Sercial came to be associated with the Madeira style rather than the grape variety, being the lightest, most acidic and delicate expression of Madeira that takes the longest to mature.EU rules for varietal names on wine labels now require Madeiras labelled Sercial to be made from minimum 85% Sercial.