Eshowe

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Eshowe
Eshowe is located in South Africa
Eshowe
Eshowe
 Eshowe shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 28°53′18″S 31°26′54″E / 28.88833°S 31.44833°E / -28.88833; 31.44833Coordinates: 28°53′18″S 31°26′54″E / 28.88833°S 31.44833°E / -28.88833; 31.44833
Country South Africa
Province KwaZulu-Natal
District Uthungulu
Municipality uMlalazi
Established 1880[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 18.23 km2 (7.04 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 14,744
 • Density 810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[2]
 • Black African 82.7%
 • Coloured 5.0%
 • Indian/Asian 4.6%
 • White 7.4%
 • Other 0.4%
First languages (2011)[2]
 • Zulu 75.8%
 • English 17.5%
 • Afrikaans 2.9%
 • S. Ndebele 1.2%
 • Other 2.6%
Postal code (street) 3815
PO box 3815
Area code 035

Eshowe is the oldest town of European settlement in Zululand.[citation needed] Eshowe's name is said to be inspired by the sound of wind blowing through the more than 4 km² of the indigenous Dhlinza Forest, the most important and striking feature of the town. Although the name is most likely to be derived from the Zulu word for the xysmalobium shrubs, showe or shongwe.

Today Eshowe is a market town, with a 100 km radius catchment area, two shopping centres, a main bus station serving the hinterland, a major hospital, and several schools.

History[edit]

In 1860 Cetshwayo, then only a Zulu prince, built a kraal here and named the place Eziqwaqweni (the abode of robbers). A mission station was established at Eshowe in 1861 once permission has been obtained from the Zulu King Cetshwayo by Norwegian missionary, the Reverend Ommund Oftebro. Later the station was called the KwaMondi Mission Station (place of Mondi) after the Zulu name which was given to Oftebro.

Siege of Eshowe[edit]

Main article: Siege of Eshowe

During the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879, Colonel Charles Pearson lead the coastal column to Eshowe. This column encountered part of the Zulu army at the Nyezane River, but after a short battle pushed on to the KwaMondi Mission which was fortified and called Fort Ekowe.[3] The forces under Colonel Pearson were besieged for 10 weeks until relieved on April 3 by Lord Chelmsford after the Battle of Gingindlovu.

Capital of Zululand[edit]

After the war Eshowe was established as the capital of Zululand and the home of the British resident in Zululand, Melmoth Osborne. The nearby town of Melmoth is named after him.

In 1887 Eshowe became the capital of Zululand and was officially declared a township in 1891.

In 1947 the British Royal Family (King George VI, Queen Elizabeth, Princess Elizabeth and Princess Margaret) visited and were welcomed in Eshowe by King Cyprian. The family toured the Dlinza Forest and spent a night in 'The Residency' in Eshowe.

Eshowe served as the seat of the first Black Diocesan Bishops in South Africa, of the Anglican and Roman Catholic Church. Eshowe is still the seat of the Bishop of the Anglican Diocese of Zululand.

Museums[edit]

  • Fort Nongqwayi - old British fort
  • Basketry museum - next to the fort
  • Vukani collection - Zulu pottery and handcrafts

Nearby nature conservation areas[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]