Eskimo Trade Jargon

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Eskimo Trade Jargon
Native to Western Canadian Arctic
Native speakers
None
Dialects
Herschel Island Eskimo Pidgin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog eski1266[1]

Eskimo Trade Jargon was an Inuit pidgin used by the Mackenzie River Inuit as a trade language with the Athabaskan peoples to their south, such as the Gwich'in (Loucheux). It was reported by Stefánsson (1909), and was apparently distinct from the Athabaskan-based Loucheux Jargon of the same general area.[2]

A reduced form of the pidgin was used for ships' trade at Herschel Island off the Arctic coast near Alaska.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Eskimo Trade Jargon". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Stefánsson, V. (Apr–Jun 1909). "The Eskimo Trade Jargon of Herschel Island". American Anthropologist 11 (2): 217–232. doi:10.1525/aa.1909.11.2.02a00050. JSTOR http://www.jstor.org/stable/659464. 
  3. ^ Schuhmacher, W. W. (July 1977). "Eskimo Trade Jargon: Of Danish or German Origin?". International Journal of American Linguistics (The University of Chicago Press) 43 (3): 226–227.