|Transit type||Commuter rail|
|Number of lines||14|
|Number of stations||158|
|Operator(s)||Czech Railways, KŽC Doprava a.s. (S34)|
|System length||515 km (320 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (standard gauge)|
Esko Prague is a commuter rail system in Prague, Czech Republic. It has been in operation under its current name since December 9, 2007. Esko is part of the Prague Integrated Transport system serving the city of Prague and the surrounding areas of the Central Bohemian Region. It is operated by the Czech Railways.
The system was significantly improved after the completion of the so-called Nové Spojení between southern and northern parts of the system in 2008. In 2008, commuter rail operations in the Moravian-Silesian Region also received the name Esko.
|S1||Praha Masarykovo nádraží – Praha-Libeň – Poříčany – Kolín||62||19||Full-week||30 min.||combines with S7 for 15min intervals on common tracks on weekdays.|
|S12||Poříčany – Nymburk||15||6||Full-week||1h|
|S2||Praha Masarykovo nádraží – Praha-Vysočany - Lysá nad Labem – Nymburk – Kolín||73||20||Full-week||1h.|
|S20||Praha Masarykovo nádraží – Praha-Vysočany - Lysá nad Labem – Milovice||73||9||Working days only||1h.||combines with S2 for 30 min. interval on common tracks|
|S3 / R3||Praha-Vršovice – Praha hlavní nádraží – Neratovice – Všetaty (- Mladá Boleslav - Turnov - Tanvald)||43||13||Full-week||1 h. working days, 1-2 h. weekends|
|S34||Praha Masarykovo nádraží – Praha-Čakovice||19||5||Working days only||1 h.|
|S4 / R4||Praha Masarykovo nádraží (S4) / Praha hlavní nádraží (R4) – Kralupy nad Vltavou - Vraňany - Hněvice (- Ústí nad Labem - Děčín)||40||17||Full-week||30 min. peak, 1 h. off-peak|
|S41||Praha-Hostivař - Praha-Libeň – Praha-Holešovice – Roztoky u Prahy||14||5||Working days only||30 min.|
|S5 / R5||Praha Masarykovo nádraží – Kladno (- Rakovnik)||31||10||Full-week||1 h.|
|S6||Praha-Smíchov – Rudná u Prahy – Beroun||34||12||Full-week||30 min. peak, 1 h. off-peak, weekends irregular|
|S65||Praha-Smíchov Na Knížecí – Praha-Jinonice – Hostivice||7||Full-week||1 h.|
|S7||Úvaly - Praha hlavní nádraží – Smíchov – Karlštejn – Beroun||43||13||Full-week||15 min. peak, 30 min. off-peak|
|S8||Praha hlavní nádraží – Praha-Vršovice – Praha-Zbraslav - Čerčany||57||23||Full-week||irregular|
|S80||Praha hlavní nádraží – Praha-Vršovice – Praha-Zbraslav - Dobříš||52||21||Full-week||irregular|
|S9||Praha-Horní Počernice - Praha hlavní nádraží – Čerčany – Benešov||49||18||Full-week||15 min. peak, 30min off-peak|
Since 2011 December, almost all local tracks in Central Bohemian Region were involved in the Esko numbering (some lines were enhanced and 13 new line numbers assigned). Three lines are interconnected with lines of RegioTakt Ústí nad Labem Region: S4+U4, S32+U32 and S40+U40.
The lines are numbered according to the following system: The main lines are numbered with one-digit numbers, starting east and following in the counter-clockwise direction. Then, the connecting lines (S12, S29, S41) are numbered with two-digit numbers, composing of the numbers of the main lines to which they connect. The lines named "R3" etc. are fast trains which run along the same tracks as the S-lines but still stop at multiple stations integrated into the PID system.
Plans for the future
In the future, it is planned to improve the system significantly, mostly by building new stations on existing lines, upgrading the lines, and integrating more of the existing lines to the system.