Esmael Mangudadatu

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Esmael Mangudadatu
Governor of Maguindanao
Incumbent
Assumed office
June 30, 2010
Preceded by Andal Ampatuan Sr.
Vice Mayor of Buluan, Maguindanao
In office
June 30, 2007 – June 30, 2010
Mayor of Buluan, Maguindanao
In office
2003–2007
Member of the Maguindanao Provincial Board
In office
2003–2003
Personal details
Born (1968-08-15) August 15, 1968 (age 46)
Political party Lakas Kampi CMD (until 2011)
Liberal Party (2011–present)
Spouse(s) Genalyn Tiamzon-Mangudadatu (d. November 23, 2009) [1]
Relations Father: Pua Mangudadatu
Uncle: Pax Mangudadatu
Residence Buluan, Maguindanao
Religion Islam

Esmael "Toto" Mangudadatu (or Ismael "Toto" Mangudadatu) (b. August 15, 1968) is the Governor of Maguindanao, in the Philippines. Mangudadatu was elected for governor of Maguindanao after defeating his closest rival, Ombra Sinsuat by a margin of 12,705 votes. The race came to international attention after the 2009 Maguindanao massacre during which his wife, sisters, aides, and lawyers, plus several journalists were kidnapped and murdered. Andal Ampatuan, Jr., against whom Mangudadatu was running for Governor, was charged with the murders.[2] He denies that he was involved.

Early life[edit]

Esmael Mangudadatu was born on August 15, 1968 to father Pua Mangudadatu, who was a famous politician that was president of the "Magnificent 7", a group of influential politicians in the province at the time. Esmael Mangudadatu's uncle is Pax Mangudadatu, incumbent representative of the 1st district of Sultan Kudarat in Tacurong City.[3]

Seeking to escape his political dynasty, Mangudadatu went to University in order to be a doctor. It was there that Mangudadatu met his wife Genalyn, from the Ilongga clan, while they were both students in Davao City, Mindanao. They married on November 11, 1991.[3] Starting a family after getting married cut his medical studies short but even after having many children he earned his Political Science degree from the University of Mindanao in Davao City.[3]

Politics[edit]

Seeking to support his ever increasing family Mangudadatu visited the then governor of Maguindanao province, Zacaria Candao. His intention was to get approval for a new business venture but instead Candao, who was his godfather, talked him into running for office. He was elected and became a provincial board member. He went on to become Mayor of Buluan and after he reached his term limit became Vice Mayor. In 2009 he decided to challenge the Ampatuan clan's heir apparent in the election for governor of Maguindanao province.[3]

Maguindanao massacre[edit]

Main article: Maguindanao massacre

The Maguindanao massacre occurred on the morning of November 23, 2009, in the town of Ampatuan in Maguindanao province, on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. The victims were about to file a certificate of candidacy for Esmael Mangudadatu. Mangudadatu was challenging Datu Unsay mayor Andal Ampatuan, Jr., son of the incumbent Maguindanao governor Andal Ampatuan, Sr., in the forthcoming Maguindanao gubernatorial election,[4] part of the national elections in 2010. The 57 people killed included Mangudadatu's wife, his two sisters, journalists, lawyers, aides, and motorists who were witnesses or were mistakenly identified as part of the convoy.[5][6] Mangudadatu told reporters that his wife was able to call her husband just before she was killed, "She said... they had been stopped by 100 uniformed armed men... then her line got cut off,"[1]

The man thought responsible Andal Ampatuan, Jr. denies that he was responsible and instead blames the MILF an armed Islamic group that operates in the Southern Philippines. MILF released a statement denying that it was responsible.[7]

2010 elections[edit]

Four days after the massacre, Mangudadatu traveled along the same road where the attack had occurred to successfully file his candidacy in the election.[8] He ran under the banner of the Lakas Kampi CMD party. In the Lakas Kampi CMD party, Mangudadatu replaced his rivals from the Ampatuan clan who were the perpetrators of the Maguindanao massacre.[8]

Gaisano Mall shootings[edit]

On February 11, 2010 Tamano Kamendan approached Mangudadatu and his entourage at the Gaisano South Citimall in Davao City. An altercation took place and Kamendan was killed by Esmael Mangudadatu's bodyguard. Mangudadatu released a statement that Kamendan was an associate of the Ampatuan clan and that he was trying to kidnap his children. Kamendan's wife denies the Ampatuan connection and has stated in an affidavit that her husband was just shopping when Mangudadatu ordered his men to shoot him.[9] On February 14, 2010 Mangudadatu and his bodyguard were charged with murder.[10]

Tacurong city car bombing[edit]

Mangudadatu's convoy on August 15, 2011 was hit by a car bomb that exploded along a highway in Tacurong city, Sultan Kudarat.[11] Two people were killed, including a Maguindanao board member, while six others were wounded. The bomb exploded while Mangudadatu's convoy was cruising along the highway in Tacurong. The governor and his followers were heading to a restaurant to celebrate his birthday.

The bomb, placed inside an old and white Kia vehicle that was parked at the side of the road fronting the Cherubim Methodist Learning Center in Alunan Highway, exploded when a Toyota Fortuner, where the provincial board member was on board, passed near it. Mangudadatu was unhurt in the bombing because his vehicle was bullet-proof.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Philippines political violence leaves 21 dead". BBC News. November 23, 2009. Retrieved March 1, 2010. 
  2. ^ Tran, Mark (2009-11-26). "Philippines massacre: police charge local politician with murder". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2009-11-26. 
  3. ^ a b c d Jannaral, Julmunir I. (January 1, 2010). "Profile: Vice Mayor Esmael ‘Toto’ Mangudadatu". Manila Times. Retrieved March 1, 2010. 
  4. ^ Jimenez-David, Rina (November 24, 2009). "Understanding the unbelievable". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 24 November 2009. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Philippines charges 196 over Maguindanao massacre". BBC News. February 9, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Trial in Philippines massacre suspended". United Press International. Feb 24, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2010. 
  7. ^ KBK, JV, GMANews.TV (November 26, 2009). "Ampatuan detained at NBI, blames MILF for massacre". GMA News and Public Affairs. Retrieved March 1, 2010. 
  8. ^ a b "Mangudadatu files candidacy for Maguindanao governor". GMA News and Public Affairs. November 27, 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2009. 
  9. ^ RMH (February 24, 2010). "Mangudadatu, kids, guards face probe panel". Sun.Star Cebu. Retrieved March 1, 2010. 
  10. ^ Andong, Lore Mae (February 14, 2010). "Mangudadatu says he is surprised by murder charge". ABS-CBN. Retrieved March 1, 2010. 
  11. ^ "Bomb hits Maguindanao guv's convoy; 1 dead, 7 hurt". Sun.Star Publishing Inc.