Esmeralda–Yaruro or Takame–Jarúroan, is a proposed connection between two unclassified languages of Venezuela, Yaruro (Llaruro, Pumé, Yuapín), 6000 speakers, and the extinct Esmeralda (Esmeraldeño, Takame). They would be only distantly related, but Kaufman (1990) finds the connection convincing, and Campbell & Grondina (2012) believe it worth exploring.
Kaufman, Terrence (1990). "Language History in South America: What we know and how to know more". In Doris L. Payne. Amazonian Linguistics. Austin: University of Texas Press.
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