Esmolol

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Esmolol
Esmolol structure.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
methyl (RS)-3-{4-[2-hydroxy-3-(propan-2-ylamino)propoxy]phenyl}propanoate
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.com monograph
Pregnancy cat.
Legal status
?
Routes iv
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability -
Protein binding 60%
Metabolism Erythrocytic
Half-life 9 minutes
Excretion Renal
Identifiers
CAS number 103598-03-4 YesY
ATC code C07AB09
PubChem CID 59768
DrugBank DB00187
ChemSpider 53916 YesY
UNII MDY902UXSR N
KEGG D07916 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:4856 N
ChEMBL CHEMBL768 YesY
Chemical data
Formula C16H25NO4 
Mol. mass 295.374 g/mol
 N (what is this?)  (verify)

Esmolol (trade name Brevibloc) is a cardioselective beta1 receptor blocker with rapid onset,[1] a very short duration of action, and no significant intrinsic sympathomimetic or membrane stabilising activity at therapeutic dosages.

It is a class II antiarrhythmic.[2]

Esmolol decreases the force and rate of heart contractions by blocking beta-adrenergic receptors of the sympathetic nervous system, which are found in the heart and other organs of the body. Esmolol prevents the action of two naturally occurring substances: epinephrine and norepinephrine.

Dosing[edit]

Esmolol is given by slow intravenous injection. It is commonly used in patients during surgery to prevent or treat tachycardia, and is also used in treatment of acute supraventricular tachycardia. Esmolol is also the drug of choice when aortic dissection is suspected.

Metabolism[edit]

Esmolol is rapidly hydrolyzed by plasma esterases and not by plasma cholinesterases. Esmolol's short duration of action is based on the ester-methyl side chain which allows for quick hydrolysis. Esmolol's structure is reflected in its name, Es-molol as in ester-methyl. Plasma cholinesterases and red cell membrane acetylcholinesterase do not have any action. This metabolism results in the formation of a free acid and methanol. The amount of methanol produced is similar to endogenous methanol production. Its elimination half-life is about 9 minutes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Deng CY, Lin SG, Zhang WC et al. (December 2006). "Esmolol inhibits Na+ current in rat ventricular myocytes". Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol 28 (10): 697–702. doi:10.1358/mf.2006.28.10.1037498. PMID 17235414. 
  2. ^ Jaillon P, Drici M (December 1989). "Recent antiarrhythmic drugs". Am. J. Cardiol. 64 (20): 65J–69J. doi:10.1016/0002-9149(89)91203-4. PMID 2688391.