Esophoria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Esophoria
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 H50.5
ICD-9 378.41

Esophoria is characterised by inward deviation of the eye usually due to extra-ocular muscle imbalance.

Causes include:

  • refractive errors
  • divergence insufficiency
  • convergence excess, these can be due to nerve, muscle, congenital or mechanical anomalies.[1]

Unlike esotropia, fusion is possible and therefore diplopia is uncommon.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eckstein, AK; Fischer, M; Esser, J (1998). "Normal accommodative convergence excess--long-term follow-up of conservative therapy with bifocal eyeglasses". Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde 212 (4): 218–225. doi:10.1055/s-2008-1034868. PMID 9644668.