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España Cañí (meaning "Gypsy Spain" in Spanish language) is a famous instrumental Spanish piece of pasodoble music by Pascual Marquina Narro (1873-1948). The song was written around 1921. It is also known as the Spanish Gypsy Dance.
Its main refrain (eight bars of arpeggiated chords that go from E major to F major (with added 4 instead of 5) to G major and back) is arguably the best known snippet of Spanish music ever, and is popular worldwide.
Besides its traditional use as background music in bullfights in Spain and elsewhere, it is sometimes played (refrain only) to arouse local crowds in baseball matches in the United States. The Beatles in their early club days in Liverpool played the song.
It is often used by the Hawthorne Caballeros Drum and Bugle Corps, and the Muchachos Drum and Bugle Corps of Manchester, NH as a closer.
Several arrangements of the tune are often used for the ballroom Paso Doble dance (to the point that, amongst ballroom dancers, it is known as "the paso doble song" as it is very commonly played in competition due to the need for specific choreography for successful competition Paso).
The first six or seven bars are familiar to viewers of The Morecambe & Wise Show in the UK in the 1970s as the tune played by Arthur Tolcher, the virtuoso harmonica player, before being told by Eric Morecambe: "Not now, Arthur."