Esperanto Wikipedia

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Logo of the Esperanto Wikipedia
Web address eo.wikipedia.org
Commercial? No
Type of site
Internet encyclopedia project
Registration Optional
Available in Esperanto
Owner Wikimedia Foundation

The Esperanto Wikipedia (Esperanto: Vikipedio en Esperanto, IPA: [vikipeˈdi.o en espeˈranto] or Esperanta Vikipedio [espeˈranta vikipeˈdi.o]) is the Esperanto edition of Wikipedia, which started in December 2001 as the eleventh [1][2] edition of the online encyclopedia (alongside the Basque Wikipedia). With over 207,000 articles as of August 2014, it is the 32nd-largest Wikipedia as measured by the number of articles,[3] and the largest Wikipedia in a constructed language.[4]

Origin and influence of the Esperanto Wikipedia[edit]

Chuck Smith, an American Esperantist, is considered to be Esperanto Wikipedia's founder. The encyclopedia started off when he imported the 139 articles of the Enciklopedio Kalblanda by Stefano Kalb, which took him three weeks following November 15, 2001.[5] Later on, he undertook a journey to Europe with the goal of popularizing Wikipedia among the speakers of Esperanto in European countries.[6] For instance, already in November 2002 he gave a talk about Wikipedia at the 10th Conference on the Application of Esperanto in Science and Technology in Dobřichovice (Czech Republic).

Esperanto speakers have also been involved in the founding of several other language versions of the Wikipedia (Czech, Slovak, Ossetian, Swahili). The introduction of support for the Esperanto alphabet by Brion Vibber, an Esperanto speaker and later Wikimedia Foundation's first employee, in January 2002 has paved the way for alphabets of languages other than English and initiated the transition of the whole Wikipedia to Unicode.[7][8]

Quality of the Esperanto Wikipedia[edit]

Origin of edits (2014/01 - 2014/03) Source[9]
France
  
25.0%
Germany
  
13.6%
United States
  
11.6%
Netherlands
  
9.4%
Poland
  
5.9%
Spain
  
3.8%
Italy
  
3.7%
Russia
  
2.2%
Japan
  
2.1%
United Kingdom
  
2.1%
Switzerland
  
2.0%
Argentina
  
1.3%
Other
  
17.3%

As of August 2014, the Esperanto Wikipedia has 252 articles of feature quality (Elstaraj artikoloj)[10] and a further 197 considered worth reading (Legindaj artikoloj).[11] Weekly community projects include a Collaboration of the Week (Kunlaboraĵo de la semajno)[12] which improves neglected articles and an Article of the Week featuring good-quality articles on the front page. The Esperanto community is a frequent contributor to the Meta project, Translation of the week.

According to the List of Wikipedias by sample of articles at Meta, a list based on List of articles every Wikipedia should have, Esperanto ranks 36th, lacking almost none of the list of vital articles, but having in general relatively short articles.

On 18 November 2008, the Esperanto Wikipedia implemented the Flagged revisions extension.

As of February 2012, The Esperanto Wikipedia has the 5th greatest number of articles per speaker among Wikipedias with over 100,000 articles, and ranks 11th overall.[13] These figures were based on Ethnologue's estimate of 2,000,000 Esperanto speakers.

Due to the geographical spread of its editors (see the box on the right), the Esperanto Wikipedia may be considered the most international. In this regard it competes only with the Arabic Wikipedia, which, however, has 42.8% of its editors coming from just two countries.[9]

On 13 August 2014 Esperanto Wikipedia reached 200,000 articles.

Notability within the Esperanto community[edit]

One of the Wikipedia meetups at World Esperanto Congress, Rotterdam 2008

Along with learners and other Esperantists of all levels, many very experienced Esperantists and native Esperantists have joined the project. At least three editors are members of the Academy of Esperanto, Gerrit Berveling, John C. Wells, and Bertilo Wennergren, a notable Esperanto grammarian[14] and the director of the Academy's section about Esperanto vocabulary.

Vikipedio incorporates, with permission, the content of the 1934 Enciklopedio de Esperanto and also content from several reference books and the monthly periodical Monato.

The Esperanto Wikipedia has been featured in many Esperanto news media, including a radio interview at Radio Polonia,[15] and articles at Esperanto, Kontakto, Libera Folio[16] and Raporto.info.[17] The Esperanto Wikimania, a gathering held in 2011 to celebrate the encyclopedia's 10th anniversary, has been subsidized by the host city of Svitavy (Czech Republic) and the Pardubice Region and covered by Czech Television.[18][19]

Esperanto organisations like Universal Esperanto Association do not contribute to Vikipedio but support it by providing chambers at Esperanto conventions for Vikipedio presentations and trainings. At the World Esperanto Congress in Rotterdam, summer 2008, there were two Wikipedian meetups and a lecture at the Esperantology Conference. In April 2013, ELiSo (Esperanto and Free Knowledge) was established as one of the first Wikimedia user groups.[20]

Wikipedia handbook in Esperanto[edit]

The Esperanto Wikipedia community has created and published a 40-page "Wikipedia: Practical Handbook" (Vikipedio: Praktika Manlibro) which is sold on-line and at conventions.[21] The manual is intended to give new Wikipedians advice and information on how to edit Wikipedia in Esperanto. It is currently in its second printing.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Multilingual_monthly_statistics_(2001) Multilingual Monthly Statistics (2001) in the English Wikipedia
  2. ^ http://lists.wikimedia.org/pipermail/wikipedia-l/2001-May/000116.html
  3. ^ http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/List_of_Wikipedias
  4. ^ http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/List_of_Wikipedias_by_language_group#Indo-European-based_Constructed_.28340.2C659_.E2.80.93_1.3.25.29
  5. ^ http://blogs.transparent.com/esperanto/founding-the-esperanto-wikipedia/ Founding the Esperanto Wikipedia (Part 2 of 4)
  6. ^ Promoting the Esperanto Wikipedia (Part 4 of 4)
  7. ^ Unicoding the Esperanto Wikipedia (Part 3 of 4)
  8. ^ The Signpost: Interview with Brion Vibber, the WMF's first employee
  9. ^ a b Wikimedia Traffic Analysis Report - Page Edits Per Wikipedia Language, cited on 27 July 2014
  10. ^ http://eo.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vikipedio:Elstaraj_artikoloj
  11. ^ http://eo.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vikipedio:Legindaj_artikoloj
  12. ^ http://eo.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vikipedio:Kunlaboraĵo_de_la_semajno
  13. ^ http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/List_of_Wikipedias_by_speakers_per_article List of Wikipedias by speakers per article
  14. ^ Plena Manlibro de Esperanta Gramatiko by Bertilo Wennergren.
  15. ^ http://www.archive.org/details/UnuaIntervjuoKunChuckSmithPriVikipedio Interview with Chuck Smith in Esperanto about the Esperanto Wikipedia
  16. ^ Vikipedio kreskas kiam Antverpeno festas — Libera Folio, 2007
  17. ^ Raporto.info » Vikipedio, la reta esperanta enciklopedio progresas, 2007
  18. ^ Smith, Chuck: Esperanto Wikimania in Svitavy In Esperanto Language Blog
  19. ^ Ve Svitavách se sešli tvůrci Wikipedie v esperantu In Události v regionech (Brno). Česká televize. 2011-10-27, 18:00. Available on-line
  20. ^ Affiliations Committee/Resolutions/Esperanto kaj Libera Scio – March 2013 – Meta
  21. ^ Vikipedio: praktika manlibro

External links[edit]