Espinar Province

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K'anamarka in the Espinar Province
K'anamarka in the Espinar Province
Location of Espinar in the Cusco Region
Location of Espinar in the Cusco Region
Country Peru
Region Cusco
Capital Yauri
 • Mayor Lindley Alfredo Salinas Perez (2007)
 • Total 5,311.09 km2 (2,050.62 sq mi)
Population (2005 census)
 • Total 66,908
 • Density 13/km2 (33/sq mi)
Tintaya copper mine as seen from the air

Espinar Province is one of thirteen provinces in the Cusco Region in the southern highlands of Peru.

Political division[edit]

The province is divided into eight districts (Spanish: distritos, singular: distrito), each of which is headed by a mayor (alcalde). The districts, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:


On 21 May 2012, agricultural leadership in Espinar Province announced a strike against the planned expansion of Tintaya mine, a copper mine owned by the Swiss corporation Xstrata. The leaders' demands included higher environmental standards, more money for area development, and independent oversight of the mine.[1] Strikers occupied the roads to the mine over the following week, blocking all access. In response, President Ollanta Humala declared a state of emergency in the province, suspending constitutional rights,[2] and deployed police commandos against the strikers.[1] Two civilians were killed in the resulting clashes, and seventy police officers were injured.[2] On 30 May, provincial mayor Oscar Mollohuanca was arrested by the national government and accused of inciting protests against an expansion of a copper mine owned by Xstrata.[3] He was conditionally released on 13 July.[1]

Ethnic groups[edit]

The people in the province are mainly indigenous citizens of Quechua descent. Quechua is the language which the majority of the population (68.90%) learnt to speak in childhood, 30.75% of the residents started speaking in Spanish (2007 Peru Census).[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Stephanie Boyd (18 June 2012). "Peru's great transformation". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Peru police arrest mayor who led mine protests". The Los Angeles Times. 30 May 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Peru: Espinar protest mayor in 'preventative' detention". BBC News. 2 June 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
  4. ^ INEI, Peru, Censos Nacionales 2007


Coordinates: 14°47′32″S 71°24′38″W / 14.792145°S 71.410447°W / -14.792145; -71.410447