ESPN

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This article is about the U.S. television channel. For the company and other channels of the same name, see ESPN Inc. For the railroad, see East Penn Railroad.
ESPN
ESPN wordmark.svg
ESPN logo since 1985
Launched September 7, 1979 (1979-09-07)
Owned by ESPN Inc.
(The Walt Disney Company, 80%
Hearst Corporation, 20%)
Picture format 720p (HDTV)
(HD feed downgraded to letterboxed 480i for SDTVs)
Slogan The Worldwide Leader In Sports
Country  United States
Language English
Broadcast area Worldwide
Headquarters Bristol, Connecticut, United States
Sister channel(s) ESPN2
ESPN3
ESPN Films
ESPNews
ESPNU
ESPN Brasil
ESPN Classic
ESPN Deportes
ESPN Plus
ESPN on ABC
Longhorn Network
SEC Network
Website ESPN
Availability
Satellite
DirecTV 206 (HD/SD)
209-1 (alternate feed; HD/SD)
1206 (VOD)
Dish Network 140 (HD/SD)
145, 147 and 148 (alternate feeds)
Cable
Time Warner Cable 300 (HD/SD)
Available on other cable providers Check local listings for channels
IPTV
AT&T U-Verse 1602 (HD)
602 (SD)
Verizon FiOS 570 (HD)
70 (SD)
Streaming media
WatchESPN Watch live (U.S. cable internet subscribers only)

ESPN (originally an initialism for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is a U.S.-based global cable and satellite television channel, that is owned as a joint venture between The Walt Disney Company (which operates the network, through its 80% ownership interest) and Hearst Corporation (which holds a 20% interest). The channel focuses on sports-related programming including live and recorded event telecasts, sports talk shows, and other original programming.

ESPN broadcasts primarily from studios located in Bristol, Connecticut. The network also operates offices in Miami; New York City; Seattle; Charlotte; and Los Angeles. John Skipper is ESPN's current president, a position he has held since January 1, 2012. While ESPN is one of the most successful sports networks, it has been subject to criticism, which includes accusations of biased coverage,[1] conflict of interest, and controversies with individual broadcasters and analysts.

ESPN headquarters in Bristol, Connecticut.

As of August 2013, approximately 97,736,000 American households (85.58% of households with television) receive ESPN.[2]

History[edit]

Main article: History of ESPN

Founded by Bill Rasmussen, his son Scott Rasmussen and Aetna insurance agent Ed Eagan, ESPN launched on September 7, 1979 in Connecticut, under the direction of Chet Simmons, the network's President and CEO (later the United States Football League's first commissioner). The Getty Oil Company provided funding to begin the new venture via executive Stuart Evey.

ESPN's signature telecast, SportsCenter, debuted with the network and aired its 50,000th episode on September 13, 2012. In early 2009, ESPN opened an office and studio facility in Los Angeles located at L.A. Live, from which the late night edition of SportsCenter is now broadcast. SportsCenter's iconic theme[3] (DaDaDa, DaDaDa) was written by John Colby, a Grammy winning composer, producer and music director.[4]

High definition[edit]

ESPN launched its high definition simulcast feed, originally branded as ESPNHD, on March 20, 2001. All studio shows based in Bristol and at L.A. Live, along with most live event telecasts, are broadcast by ESPN in high definition. ESPN is one of the few networks with an all-digital infrastructure. Footage from non-HD sources is presented in 4:3 standard definition with stylized pillarboxing. Pardon the Interruption and Around the Horn began airing in HD on September 27, 2010, with the relocation of the production of both shows to the building housing the ABC News Washington bureau.[5]

ESPN, as with Disney/ABC's other broadcast and cable networks, uses the 720p HD resolution format because ABC executives proposed a progressive scan signal that resolves fluid and high-speed motion in sports better, particularly during slow-motion replays.[6]

In 2011, ESPNHD began to downplay its distinct promotion logo in preparation for a shift of its standard definition feed from a 4:3 full-screen to a letterboxed format, which occurred on June 1 of that year.

Programming[edit]

Alongside its live sports broadcasts, ESPN also airs a variety of sports highlight, talk, and documentary styled shows. These include:

Executives[edit]

  • John Skipper: President, ESPN, Inc.[7]
  • Sean Bratches: Executive Vice President, Sales and Marketing[8]
  • Christine Driessen: Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer[9]
  • Ed Durso: Executive Vice President, Administration[10]
  • Charles Pagano: Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer[11]
  • Norby Williamson: Executive Vice President, Programming[12]
  • Russell Wolff: Executive Vice President and Managing Director, ESPN International[13]
  • John Wildhack: Executive Vice President, Production
  • John Kosner: Executive Vice President, Digital and Print Media
  • John A. Walsh: Executive Vice President and Executive Editor

Criticism[edit]

Main article: Criticism of ESPN

ESPN has received accusations of biased coverage, conflicts of interest, and controversies with individual broadcasters and analysts.

Network slogans[edit]

  • The Total Sports Network (1979–1985)
  • The Number One Sports Network (1985–1991)
  • All Sports, All the Time (1991–1994)
  • America's No. 1 Sports Network (1994–1998)
  • The Worldwide Leader in Sports (1998–present)

Competitors[edit]

A wide variety of national sports networks, as well as networks dedicated to a single sport, have surfaced in recent years.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Miller, James Andrew; Tom Shales (2011). Those Guys Have All the Fun: Inside the World of ESPN. New York: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0-316-04300-7. 

External links[edit]