Esporte Clube Bahia

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Esporte Clube Bahia logo.png
Full name Esporte Clube Bahia
Nickname(s) Tricolor
Bahiaço (mix of Bahia and aço, steel)
Tricolor de aço (tricolor of steel)
Esquadrão de aço (Steel Squad)
Founded January 1, 1931; 84 years ago (1931-01-01)
Stadium Arena Fonte Nova (Salvador, Bahia)
Ground Capacity 48,747
President Marcelo Sant'Ana
Head coach Sérgio Soares
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série B
Campeonato Baiano
Brasileirão, 18th (relegated)
Baianão, 1st
Website Club home page

Esporte Clube Bahia (Portuguese pronunciation: [isˈpɔʁtʃi ˈklubi baˈi.ɐ]), known familiarly as Bahia, is a Brazilian professional football club, based in Salvador, Bahia. They play in the Campeonato Baiano, Bahia's state league, and the Campeonato Brasileiro Série B, Brazil's second tier league.

Bahia has won the Brasileirão title twice: in the 1959 season, defeating Santos' Santásticos which contained figures such as Gilmar, Mauro, Mengálvio, Coutinho, Pepe and Pelé, in the finals and in the 1988 season Bahia edged Internacional. Bahia has only appeared in the Copa Libertadores three times, reaching the quarterfinals in 1989, Bahia's best ever performance. The club has also won their state title a record 44 times.

The 2000s has been a dark age for the club as they have only won one state title. Furthermore, Bahia were relegated to Série B in 2003 and relegated, for the first time ever, to Série C in 2005, spending two seasons at the bottom of the Brazilian League System. In 2007, they were promoted back to the second level and, after a great campaign in 2010, the club found themselves back to Série A after eight seasons. Bahia played their home games at the 66,080 capacity Estádio Fonte Nova since 1951, but, after the disaster that occurred at the stadium in 2007, the Tricolor have played at the Estádio de Pituaçu. With the re-opening of the Fonte Nova stadium in 2013 as the Arena Fonte Nova, a modern arena built for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, Bahia switched its home stadium back to the old and beloved place. Their traditional home kit consists of white shirts with blue shorts and red socks. The club has a long-standing rivalry with national opponents Esporte Clube Vitória, and matches between the two sides are known as the Ba–Vi.


Early years and the first national title[edit]

Esporte Clube Bahia was founded in 1931, when players from two clubs decided to merge; the two clubs, Associação Atlética da Bahia and Clube Bahiano de Tênis, had decided to discontinue their football divisions. Only a few years later, Bahia has become the most popular team in the Northeast of Brazil.[citation needed]

These players went to a house at Princesa Isabel Avenue, where they discussed things like: finance, structure and local training. In the club's first year, Bahia won the Torneio Inicio and the Bahia State Championship. The first Bahia president was Waldemar Costa, an established medic of Salvador. Bahia crest is based on Corinthians' Crest. They took the Bahia state flag, created by Raimundo Magalhães, in place of the São Paulo state flag.

The team was founded with the motto "Nasceu para Vencer" (In English: "Born to Win"). Bahia won 43 State Championships, 17 more than Vitória (the rival club), and was the first club to participate in the Taça Libertadores da America, in 1960. On Thursday, April 4, 1957, they lost 3–5 to Brentford F.C. in a floodlight friendly.

Between 1959 and 1963, and in 1968, Bahia was the team representing Bahia state at the Taça Brasil (the precursor of the Brazilian Championship), winning the title in 1959 and finishing as runner-up in 1961 and 1963.

The 1980s and the second national title[edit]

The 1980s were the best in Bahia's history. Bahia won their second national title in 1988, placed 5th in 1986, and 4th in 1990. Bahia's idols were born: Bobo, Charles, Ronaldo, and others.

In 1989, Bahia won its second Brazilian Championship against Internacional from Porto Alegre. Bahia won the first leg in Salvador by 2–1. The second leg ended in an 0–0 tie in Porto Alegre, at Beira Rio Stadium. After these results, Bahia won the Brasileirão, their second national title. The championship gave Bahia the right to play Copa Libertadores for a third time. It was a real shock for the southern press because Salvador is in the Northeast, the poorest region of Brazil, and the victory was over Internacional, a team from southern Brazil, the region that has the highest Human Development Index of the country.

Dark years[edit]

In 1996, Bahia needed to win the last game of the season, but the club was relegated to Série B for the first time in its history after a 0–0 draw against Juventude at the Fonte Nova stadium. In 1999, Bahia was close to being promoted to Série A again. Bahia had a very good season, but finished in 3rd place, which was not enough to see them promoted. In order to be promoted, Bahia would have to win the final match against Brasiliense, but the referee Paulo César de Oliveira was assigned to that match, and many people say he was all but fair on that day.

In 2000, due to bribe scandals involving clubs such as São Paulo and Internacional, the team returned to the Brazilian First Division, invited by the Clube dos Treze, along with Fluminense, which was made a scapegoat for the controversy and was nationally victimized by the media (see Copa João Havelange).

In 2002, the bank that had fully sponsored the team went bankrupt, and Bahia began a descent down the Brazilian football pyramid. After the title of the Northeast Cup in 2001 and 2002, Bahia had a horrible year in 2003, and was relegated to the Série B for the second time in the club's history. In 2004, the team was close to getting promoted to the Série A again, finishing 4th. In 2005, the club again competed in the Série B, finishing in 18th place, and was relegated to the Série C for the first time in the club's history.

Fênix tricolor (tricolored phoenix)[edit]

Bahia finished 2007 amongst the first four teams of the Third Division's octagon, and were promoted to the Second Division for the 2008 season, but it was not easy. Bahia began strongly, but the last game of the 3rd stage of the Série C against the already-eliminated Fast Club was one of the most difficult games in the club's history. Bahia needed to win to advance to the final octagon. The victory came in the very last minute of the game, with a goal scored by Charles. During the final octagon, the team finished the third division in 2nd place, only losing the title in the final round.[citation needed]

This moment is called the "Fênix Tricolor" amongst Bahia fans.[citation needed] The phoenix represents Bahia re-surging from the ashes.

Despite playing in the Third Division of Brazilian football in 2007, Bahia had the largest average attendance in Brazil: 40,400 people per match.[citation needed] No club in the Third, the Second, or even the First Division was able to match it.[citation needed] However, this is not unusual for Bahia, having also achieved the biggest average attendance in Brazil in 2004 (Second Division), 1988 (First Division), 1986 (First Division), and 1985 (First Division).[citation needed]

After 22 years out of an international competition, Bahia returned in 2012 as they qualified to the Copa Sudamericana.


Bahia's colors are blue, red, and white. The blue color is a homage to Associação Atlética da Bahia; white, to Clube Baiano de Tênis; and red is a color present in the Bahia state flag. The club's mascot is called Super-Homem Tricolor, meaning Tricolor Superman, inspired by the DC Comics character. The mascot was created by the famous cartoonist Ziraldo based on the expression "Esquadrão de Aço" (Steel Squad in English), and wears a costume very similar to the original Superman's costume, which shares the team's colors.


Only senior titles are listed below.


Winners (2): 1959, 1988
Runners-up (2): 1961, 1963
Runner-up (1): 2007


Winners (2): 2001, 2002
Runners-up (2): 1997, 1999
Winners (3): 1959, 1961, 1963
Runners-up (3): 1960, 1962, 1968
Winners (1): 1948


Winners (45): 1931, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1938,[1] 1940, 1944, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1998, 1999,[2] 2001, 2012, 2014
Runners-up (19): 1941, 1955, 1957, 1963, 1964, 1969, 1972, 1985, 1989, 1992, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2013, 2014
Winners (3): 2000, 2002, 2007
Runners-up (2): 2004, 2006
Winners (9): 1931, 1932, 1934, 1937, 1938, 1951, 1964, 1967, 1979
Winners (16): 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2014

Friendly tournaments[edit]

Winners (1): 1997
Winners (1): 1998
Winners (3): 1953, 1954, 1955
Winners (2): 1993, 1994


Winners (2): 2001, 2002
Winners (1): 2011

Current squad[edit]

First team[edit]

As of January 2015.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Jeanzinho
Brazil GK Douglas Pires
Brazil GK Guido
Brazil GK Omar
Brazil DF Adriano Alves
Brazil DF Ávine
Brazil DF Chicão
Brazil DF Gamboa
Brazil DF Railan
Brazil DF Raul
Brazil DF Robson
Brazil DF Thales (on loan from Internacional)
Brazil DF Titi
Brazil DF Tony (on loan from Grêmio)
Brazil MF Bruno Paulista
Brazil MF Carlos
Brazil MF Gustavo Blanco
Brazil MF Feijão
Brazil MF Jeferson Silva
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Lenine
Brazil MF Marcone
Brazil MF Patric
Paraguay MF Wilson Pittoni
Brazil MF Rômulo
Brazil DF Tiago Real (on loan from Palmeiras)
Brazil MF Tchô
Brazil MF Yuri
Brazil FW Bosco
Brazil FW Gustavo
Brazil FW Jeam
Brazil FW Kieza
Brazil FW Lourival
Brazil FW Mateus
Argentina FW Maxi Biancucchi
Brazil FW Willians Santana
Brazil FW Zé Roberto

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Marcelo Lomba (on loan at Ponte Preta)
Brazil MF Hélder (on loan at Coritiba)

Youth squad[edit]

Professional players able to play in the youth team[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil DF Railan
Brazil FW Ítalo
Brazil FW Matheus

Youth players with first team experience[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Bruno
No. Position Player



Bahia had always played at the Fonte Nova stadium, from its inauguration in 1951 until November 2007. At the game against Vila Nova (during Bahia's promotion campaign), part of the stadium collapsed and 7 people died. More than 30 were injured.

After that episode, the state government declared that the stadium would be demolished. A new stadium is being built on the site for the 2014 FIFA World Cup.

Some notable games at the Fonte Nova:

On April, Bahia is back to the Arena Fonte Nova


  1. ^ Two championships were organized in 1938.the other one was won by Botafogo.
  2. ^ The 1999 title was shared with Vitória.

External links[edit]