New Oxford American Dictionary
|Author||Angus Stevenson (editor)
Christine A. Lindberg (editor)
|Subject||Dictionary of American English|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|third edition, August, 2010|
|Media type||Print (Hardcover)|
NOAD is based upon the New Oxford Dictionary of English (NODE), published in the United Kingdom in 1998, although with substantial editing, additional entries, and the inclusion of illustrations. It is based on a corpus linguistics analysis of Oxford's 200 million word database of contemporary American English.
Published in September 2001, the first edition was edited by Elizabeth J. Jewell and Frank Abate.
Published in May 2005, the second edition was edited by Erin McKean. The edition added nearly 3,000 new words, senses, and phrases. It was in a large format, with 2096 pages, and was 8½" by 11" in size. It included a CD-ROM with the full text of the dictionary for Palm OS devices.
Since 2005 Apple Inc.'s Mac OS X operating system has come bundled with a dictionary application and widget which credits as its source "Oxford American Dictionaries", and contains the full text of NOAD2. The Amazon Kindle reading device also uses NOAD as its built-in dictionary, along with a choice for the Oxford Dictionary of English.
Oxford University Press published NOAD2 in electronic form in 2006 at the OxfordAmericanDictionary.com, and in 2010, along with the Oxford Dictionary of English, as part of Oxford Dictionaries Online.
Published in August 2010, the third edition was edited by Angus Stevenson and Christine A. Lindberg. The edition added more than 2,000 new words, senses, and phrases.
|Look up esquivalience in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
The dictionary includes an entry for the word "esquivalience", which it defines as meaning "the willful avoidance of one's official responsibilities". This is a fictitious entry, intended to protect the copyright of the publication. The entry was invented by Christine Lindberg, one of the editors of the NOAD.
With the publication of the second edition, a rumor circulated that the dictionary contained a fictitious entry in the letter 'e'. New Yorker contributing editor Henry Alford combed the section, and discussed several unusual entries he found with a group of American lexicographers. Most found "esquivalience" to be the most likely candidate, and when Alford approached NOAD editor in chief Erin McKean she confirmed it was a fake entry, which had been present since the first edition, in order to protect the copyright of the CD-ROM edition. Of the word, she said "its inherent fakeitude is fairly obvious".
The fake entry apparently ensnared dictionary.com, which included an entry for it (that has since been removed) which it attributed to Webster's New Millennium Dictionary, both of which are owned by the private company Lexico. Possibly due to its licensing of Oxford dictionaries, Google Dictionary included the word, listing three meanings and giving usage examples. Apple has also included the word in its dictionary, and incorrectly explains its etymology as "perhaps from French esquiver ‘dodge, slink away.'"
Other Oxford Dictionaries
- Oxford American Dictionary (OAD)
- Oxford English Dictionary (OED)
- Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (SOED)
- Oxford Dictionary of English (ODE)
- Concise Oxford English Dictionary (COED)
- Australian Oxford Dictionary (AOD)
- Canadian Oxford Dictionary (CanOD)
- Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary (OALD)
- Nathan Bierma (September 21, 2005). "Dictionary sets a trap with an invented word". Chicago Tribune.
- Henry Alford (August 29, 2005). "Not a Word". New Yorker.
- Anne Curzan (8 May 2014). Fixing English: Prescriptivism and Language History. Cambridge University Press. p. 93. ISBN 9781107020757.
- New Oxford American Dictionary, First Edition, Elizabeth J. Jewell and Frank R. Abate (editors), 2192 pages, September 2001, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-511227-X.
- New Oxford American Dictionary, Second Edition, Erin McKean (editor), 2096 pages, May 2005, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-517077-6.
- New Oxford American Dictionary, Third Edition, Angus Stevenson and Christine A. Lindberg (editors), 2096 pages, August 2010, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-539288-3.