Essendon, Victoria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Essendon
MelbourneVictoria
Essendon is located in Melbourne
Essendon
Essendon
Coordinates 37°44′56″S 144°54′43″E / 37.749°S 144.912°E / -37.749; 144.912Coordinates: 37°44′56″S 144°54′43″E / 37.749°S 144.912°E / -37.749; 144.912
Population 18,852 (2011)[1]
 • Density 3,041/km2 (7,880/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 3040
Area 6.2 km2 (2.4 sq mi)
Location 10 km (6 mi) from Melbourne
LGA(s) City of Moonee Valley
State electorate(s) Essendon
Federal Division(s) Maribyrnong
Suburbs around Essendon:
Essendon North Strathmore Strathmore
Essendon West, Niddrie Essendon Brunswick West, Pascoe Vale South
Aberfeldie Moonee Ponds Moonee Ponds

Essendon /ˈɛsǝndǝn/, locally /ˈɛsǝdǝn/, is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 10 km north-west of Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Moonee Valley. At the 2011 Census, Essendon had a population of 18,852.

Essendon is bounded in the west by Hoffmans Road, in the north by Keilor Road and Woodland Street, in the east by the Moonee Ponds Creek, and in the south by Buckley Street (except for a small section further south bordering Moonee Ponds).

History[edit]

Bill Prescott designed the Grecian temple-style mansion Earlsbrae Hall with Frederick Grey in 1890.

Essendon and the banks of the Maribyrnong River were originally inhabited by the Wurundjeri clan of the Woiwurrung speaking people of the Kulin Aboriginal nation.

In 1803 Charles Grimes and James Fleming were the first known European explorers into the Maribyrnong area.

Essendon was named after the village of Essendon in Hertfordshire, England. Richard Green, who arrived in Victoria in the 1850s and settled near Melbourne, was a native of Essendon, Hertfordshire, where his father Isaac Green was either owner or tenant of Essendon Mill, and he bestowed the name of his native village on the district in which he had made his new home.[2]

In 1851 the gold rush opened up the Moonee Ponds District with miners travelling along Mount Alexander Road to Castlemaine.

Essendon Post Office opened on 18 August 1856.[3]

In 1862 169 residents sought the formation of the Borough of Essendon and Flemington.

On 9 January 1871, the Victorian Railways services began between Essendon and Melbourne, following an unsuccessful private railway operating from 1860 until 1864.[4]

In the 1880s, the local Council resisted industrial development in the form of cattle saleyards and brickworks, out of concern for pollution of the Maribyrnong River. Instead it embarked on a program to create, in its upper reaches, a playground for rowers, fishermen and swimmers.

In 1890, a large mansion was built in the town. It was designed by eminent architect R.A. Lawson and built at a cost of £35,000. Originally known as Earslbrae Hall, it was the home of Collier McCracken, a member of a local brewing family. The building now houses Lowther Hall Anglican Grammar School.

In 1906 the North Melbourne Electric Tramway and Lighting Company opened its electric tramway system linking Essendon with the city.[5] The company also supplied electric power to the neighbouring suburbs from its power station on Mount Alexander Road, near the intersection with South Street.[6]

Demographics[edit]

In Essendon 73.0% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were India 3.9%, Italy 3.2%, England 1.8%, China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) 1.2% and New Zealand 1.2%.

73.5% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Italian 5.8%, Greek 2.9%, Mandarin 1.2%, Hindi 1.1% and Cantonese 0.8%.

Transport[edit]

The number 59 tram provides public transport along Mount Alexander and Keilor Roads to the city.

Train services are available from Essendon Station on Rose Street, Glenbervie Station on Glass Street, and Strathmore Station on Woodland Street railway stations on the Craigieburn railway line.

Bus services are also available from Essendon railway station with several routes ending at the station or continuing through to Moonee Ponds.

The suburb is bordered on the south west by the Maribyrnong River Trail, and on the east and north by the Moonee Ponds Creek Trail. Both are used by commuting and recreational cyclists.

Politics[edit]

The seat of Essendon in the Victorian Legislative Assembly is based on the suburb. The current state member is Justin Madden, for the Australian Labor Party.

Schools[edit]

State;

Private;

Sport[edit]

Essendon is home of the Essendon Football Club (the Bombers), an Australian rules football club which is a member of the Australian Football League. Essendon is one of the most successful football teams in Australia, having won 16 premierships in the VFL/AFL.

The Essendon District Football League is one of the most successful suburban football competitions in Melbourne and in the zone days, fed many players into elite level competition.

Other[edit]

Essendon is the birthplace of conservationist and television personality Steve Irwin (best known as "The Crocodile Hunter"),[15] and singer Judith Durham.

There are also several churches in Essendon, of various denominations. Baptist churches within the area including the Essendon Community Baptist Church, the International Baptist Church and the Aberfeldie Baptist Church.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Essendon Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.8
(114.4)
47.3
(117.1)
40.7
(105.3)
35.2
(95.4)
26.7
(80.1)
22.6
(72.7)
18.9
(66)
24.4
(75.9)
30.3
(86.5)
36.4
(97.5)
38.3
(100.9)
44.0
(111.2)
47.3
(117.1)
Average high °C (°F) 26.3
(79.3)
25.6
(78.1)
23.9
(75)
20.0
(68)
16.1
(61)
13.7
(56.7)
12.9
(55.2)
14.3
(57.7)
16.6
(61.9)
19.1
(66.4)
21.6
(70.9)
24.3
(75.7)
19.5
(67.1)
Average low °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
13.8
(56.8)
12.4
(54.3)
9.8
(49.6)
7.7
(45.9)
5.9
(42.6)
5.2
(41.4)
5.5
(41.9)
6.6
(43.9)
8.1
(46.6)
9.8
(49.6)
11.7
(53.1)
9.1
(48.4)
Record low °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
5.3
(41.5)
3.7
(38.7)
0.6
(33.1)
0.1
(32.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
−2.2
(28)
−1.6
(29.1)
−0.3
(31.5)
2.2
(36)
4.0
(39.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 43.7
(1.72)
46.7
(1.839)
39.7
(1.563)
55.0
(2.165)
49.1
(1.933)
38.8
(1.528)
43.5
(1.713)
49.3
(1.941)
50.8
(2)
61.2
(2.409)
58.6
(2.307)
51.5
(2.028)
587.4
(23.126)
Avg. precipitation days 7.3 7.3 8.9 11.2 13.2 13.4 15.2 15.5 14.4 13.1 11.9 10.4 141.8
Source: [16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]