Essex Junction, Vermont
|Essex Junction, Vermont|
|— Village —|
|• Total||4.85 sq mi (12.6 km2)|
|• Land||4.76 sq mi (12.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.09 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||344 ft (105 m)|
|• Density||1,804.1/sq mi (696.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1457378|
Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides daily service to Essex Junction, which serves as a focal point for rail travel in the greater Burlington area, which includes Essex and Winooski. Amtrak operates its Vermonter from St. Albans, VT to Washington, D.C..
The Village of Essex Junction is also one of three voting districts (District 6-2) in the Town of Essex, with Districts 6-1 & 6-3 together comprising the town outside the village. The Village and Town each operate their own fire department, library, parks department, and municipal services, and contain separate school districts for grades K–8. Both governments operate a unified police department, and the unified Essex High School.
Modern history has been affected in a major way by the presence of IBM which chose the village as the site for its facility in 1958.
In 1958, IBM leased a 40,000 square feet (3,700 m2) facility for its new Data Processing Division. By the end of the year, there were 500 workers. In 1969, the plant expanded to 820,000 square feet (7.6 ha).
In 1982, employment reached an all-time high of 8,000. In 2007, the town listers dropped the value of the plant from a high of $147.5 million to $104 million.. The plant's workforce is a little over 5,000 in 2011.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 4.85 square miles (12.6 km2), of which, 4.76 square miles (12.3 km2) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) (1.86%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,591 people, 3,409 households, and 2,253 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,804.1 people per square mile (696.8/km²). There were 3,501 housing units at an average density of 735.2/sq mi (284.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.55% White with a large proportion of those 53% being of Irish descent, 0.69% African American, 0.24% Native American, 2.36% Asian, 0.29% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population.
There were 3,409 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the village the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
 Personal income
The median income for a household in the village was $53,444, and the median income for a family was $61,985. Males had a median income of $40,287 versus $26,910 for females. The per capita income for the village was $24,142. About 1.8% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
 The Champlain Valley Expo
Essex Junction is home to the Champlain Valley Expo, a former dirt racetrack that has evolved into a large event field, with stadium seating for concerts, and multiple halls that can host a variety of indoor events.
 Champlain Valley Fair
The 10-day Champlain Valley Fair is the most notable event held at the Expo. The state's largest fair consists of five components blended together at the same time:
- A large agricultural exhibit, with a dairy cows, other farm animals, and 4-H-style events for both livestock and agriculture.
- A commercial exhibit for a variety of local and regional vendors to showcase their products to the public.
- A large area dedicated to a mix of local foods like real maple syrup, and conventional fair foods such as fried dough and cotton candy.
- A Midway provided by Reithoffer Shows with rides typical of a large traveling carnival. The 46 rides in 2010 included a Wild Mouse roller coaster, a large Ferris wheel, and the Speed premier ride.
- Nightly concerts, which in 2010 included Lyle Lovett, Keith Urban, Bill Cosby, and Justin Bieber.
Over the last decade total Fair attendance has been almost 300,000 per year. In 2010, the Fair had 46 carnival rides and almost 200 vendors.
 Other Expo events
|Town vote to merge||Revote|
|6-1 (outside village)||1,283||2,319||690||2,528|
|6-3 (outside village)||365||822|
|6-2 (within village)||2,728||1,026||2,009||362|
|Village vote to accept||No revote
The village of Essex Junction was formed within the town of Essex on 1892-11-15. The village was formed to provide services (such as sidewalks, water, and sewers) to the villagers that the rest of the, mostly rural, town citizens did not want, and did not want to pay for.
As the town outside the village developed, it added similar services. By 1958, the first hints of merger showed up in a voter petition. Since then a series of votes (often contentious) had defeated or passed merger in each community, but never at the same time in both. The state legislature required a positive vote in both.
This temporarily changed on 2006-11-07 when merger passed in the town as a whole, and in the village. Everyone in the town voted on the merger; the Villagers voted in a second ballot on the merger if it passed the townwide vote. The large regional paper initially misreported the results as a defeat of the merger, based solely on the vote results outside the village. The next day the correct results were reported in both the town’s paper, and as a correction in the regional paper.
On 2006-12-06 a petition to reconsider the merger was submitted to the town. The petition contained signatures totaling more than 5 percent of registered voters, which is the threshold required to force a re-vote. The revote was held on 2007-01-23 with a result that overturned merger by 191 votes, rejecting the current merger proposal.
If the results had stood, a multi-year merger process would have resulted in a new town of Essex Junction replacing the current governments of Essex and Essex Junction.
 Notable people
- Trey Anastasio, member of the band Phish
- Loung Ung, author (First They Killed My Father and Lucky Child)
 See also
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Official map by the United States Census Bureau; Chittenden County listed on page 3. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- "Teen suicide: Greater IBMer John Halligan says there IS something we can do". Connections eMagazine. IBM. Retrieved 2009-05-01.
- Norton, Justin M. (February 21, 2007). "States Pushing for Laws to Curb Cyberbullying". Fox News. Retrieved 2009-05-01.
- McLean, Dan; Matt Ryan (January 28, 2009). "Layoffs: Long-feared job losses hit IBM". Burlington Free Press.
- "Vermont by Place and County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-08-22. Unknown parameter
- Ryan, Matt (July 28, 2007). Value drops at IBM plant. Burlington Free Press.
- Briggs, John (September 6, 2010). "Champlain Valley Fair hits end of the ride". Burlington Free Press.
- Welch, Victoria (2006-11-08). "Essex Defeats Merger 2-1". Burlington Free Press
- Tyler, George (2006-11-09). "Merger Wins: Confusion over vote count". Essex Reporter
- Welch, Victoria (2006-11-09). "Essex merger moves forward: An apology to our Essex readers". Burlington Free Press
- Welch, Victoria (2006-12-07). "New rift emerges in Essex merger". Burlington Free Press
- Welch, Victoria (2007-01-24). "This time, Essex rejects merger" (– Scholar search). Burlington Free Press[dead link].
- "Education & Schools - Town of Essex, Vermont". Essex.org. Retrieved 2010-12-19.