Estádio Olímpico João Havelange
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Portuguese Wikipedia. (May 2011)|
|Estádio Olímpico João Havelange|
|Full name||Estádio Olímpico João Havelange|
|Location||Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil|
|Owner||Prefecture of Rio de Janeiro|
|Surface||Grass (105 x 68m)|
|Construction cost||US$ 192 million or (R$380 million |
2011 Military World Games
2016 Summer Olympics
2016 Summer Paralympics
The Estádio Olímpico João Havelange (Portuguese pronunciation: [iʃˈtadʒw oˈɫĩpiku ˈʒwɐ̃w̃ ɐveˈlɐ̃ʒi]), also known by its nickname Engenhão ([ẽʒẽˈɲɐ̃w̃]) or simply Estadio Olimpico do Rio or the Rio Olympic Stadium, is a multi-use stadium located in the bairro (neighbourhood) of Engenho de Dentro (hence its nickname) of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is used mostly for football matches and athletics and is the home field of the football club Botafogo. Its name honors João Havelange, president of FIFA from 1974 to 1998. The stadium was built by a consortium under the leadership of Odebrecht S.A..
The stadium is scheduled to host the athletics competitions at the 2016 Summer Olympics and the 2016 Summer Paralympics. Structural problems in the roof were identified in March 2013 that caused the stadium to be closed for repair. The stadium's capacity is intended to be increased to 60,000 for the Games.
The stadium cost R$ 380 million (US$192 million) to build, which was six times the stadium's original construction budget of $60,000,000 The Mayor's office estimated in 2003 that the total construction cost would be of R$60 million (US$30 million), the actual cost was thus 533% higher that early estimates.
The stadium opened on June 30, 2007. The first match held was a Campeonato Brasileiro Série A game between Botafogo and Fluminense. 40,000 tickets were available for the match and were exchanged for donations of powdered milk. In all, 43,810 people were at the stadium to watch the inaugurating match, where Botafogo beat Fluminense 2-1. The first goal of the match was scored by Fluminense's Alex Dias. As Dias scored the first goal in the stadium's history, he was awarded the Valdir Pereira Trophy (Taça Valdir Pereira), which was named after retired footballer Didi. Because Botafogo won the stadium's inaugural match, the club was awarded the João Havelange Trophy (Taça João Havelange).
On August 3, 2007, Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas signed a deal with the City of Rio de Janeiro to rent the stadium for 20 years. Botafogo was the only organization to present a bid; the club agreed to pay $18.200 (or R$ 36.000) a month to rent Engenhão, plus maintenance costs which run at $2 million (or R$4 million) annually.
On August 11, 2007, a 15-meter long and 6-meter high stadium wall collapsed, but nobody was hurt.
Currently the Engenhão is the main venue for football competitions in Rio de Janeiro, while the Maracanã Stadium is under reform in preparations for the upcoming 2014 FIFA World Cup and 2016 Summer Olympics.
The stadium was closed indefinitely in March 2013 after it was found the structural integrity of the roof was not upto standard, and could potentially place spectators at risk. 
2007 Pan American Games 
Other uses 
Occasionally, the stadium also hosts concerts and has become a major location for this purpose in Rio de Janeiro since it opened, but more significantly after the Maracanã Stadium was closed in 2010 for renovations in preparation for World Cup 2014.
Among the artists who have performed at the stadium include: Paul McCartney (Up and Coming Tour, May 22 & 23, 2011), Justin Bieber (My World Tour, October 5 & 6, 2011) and Roger Waters (The Wall Live, March 29, 2012). For live concerts, the stadiums can be hold from 20,000 to 45,000 people.
- "Engenhão foi inspirado em Niemeyer" (in Portuguese). Lancenet. 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
- "João Havelange Sports Complex". Brazilian Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2007-06-30.
- "Estádio Olímpico João Havelange" (in Portuguese). Construtora Norberto Odebrecht. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Rio2016.org.br bid package. Volume 2. p. 18.
- As per the average exchange rate in 2007.
- "Clássico entre Botafogo e Fluminense não terá venda de ingressos" (in Portuguese). Jornal do Brasil. 2007-06-22. Archived from the original on 2007-07-03. Retrieved 2007-06-23.
- "Na inauguração do Engenhão, Bota vence Flu e dispara na ponta" (in Portuguese). UOL Esporte. 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2007-06-30.
- "Botafogo vai administrar estádio olímpico do Engenhão" (in Portuguese). Correio Web. Retrieved 2007-08-28.
- "Muro do Engenhão desaba no Rio sem deixar feridos" (in Portuguese). A Tarde On Line. 2007-08-11. Retrieved 2007-08-28.
- "Seleção principal estréia no Engenhão com bom retrospecto do Pan" (in Portuguese). UOL. 2008-09-09. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
- "Sob vaias, Brasil é apático e apenas empata com a Bolívia" (in Portuguese). Gazeta Esporttva. 2008-09-10. Retrieved 2008-09-11.[dead link]
- "Rio Olympics stadium closed due to roof problems". BBC. Retrieved 2013-27-03.
- "Schedule and Results". 2007 Pan American Games official website. Archived from the original on 2007-08-18. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
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