Estádio do Morumbi
|Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo|
|Full name||Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo|
|Location||São Paulo, SP, Brazil|
|Broke ground||August 15, 1952|
|Built||September 17, 1953 to 1970|
|Opened||October 2, 1960|
|Renovated||1994 to 1996, 2000 and 2009|
|Architect||João Batista Vilanova Artigas|
|Field dimensions||108,25 x 72,70 m|
The Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo, widely known as Morumbi, is a football stadium located in the Morumbi district in São Paulo, Brazil. It is the home of São Paulo Futebol Clube and its formal name honors Cícero Pompeu de Toledo, who was São Paulo FC's chairman during most of the stadium construction and died before its inauguration. The Morumbi is the largest particular stadium from Brazil.
The stadium was designed by the architect João Batista Vilanova Artigas.
In the early years of its existence, São Paulo FC used for their headquarters and home field the Finca Forest, located beside the Bridge of Flags next to Tietê river in the center of São Paulo. This is why their home is referred to as the São Paulo da Floresta during the club's first incarnation, from January 1930 until May 1935.
When the club was refounded in December 1935, it had its own field until 1938, when the union with Estudantes Paulista gave São Paulo possession of the Bristol stadium belonging to Antarctica.
In 1944, São Paulo bought a piece of ground called Canindé, which was only used as a headquarters and training location. The area was too small for the construction of a large stadium, so studies were done to find another home within the city of São Paulo.
The initial idea was a location in the Ibirapuera Park. The region was subject to flooding, and then Jânio Quadros prevented the club from moving there. Instead, an area in the region of Morumbi was chosen. Virtually uninhabited at the time, the Morumbi area was in land that was zoned for other uses.
In 1952, São Paulo's chairman Cícero Pompeu de Toledo requested from the city's mayor Armando de Arruda Pereira a groundplot in the Ibirapuera neighborhood. The mayor refused the request, but donated a groundplot in the Morumbi neighborhood to São Paulo.
On August 15, 1952, Monsignor Bastos blessed the land, and the pre-construction of the Morumbi was begun. A committee to oversee its construction was elected, and consisted of: Cicero Pompeu de Toledo (President); Piragibe Nogueira (Vice President); Cássio Luís dos Santos (Secretary); Amador Aguiar (Treasurer); Altino de Castro Lima, Carlos Alberto Gomes Cardim, Luis Campos Spider Raymond Manuel Pais de Almeida; Osvaldo Artur Bratke, Roberto Gomes Pedrosa, Roberto Barros Lima, Marcos Gasparian, Paulo Machado de Carvalho France; and Pedro Pinto Filho.
These were men who would build the world's largest private stadium. It lead to a new phase in the history of São Paulo Futebol Clube.
Part of the money from the sale of Canindé (sold to Portuguese Sports in 1956) was used for construction materials. All revenue from the club was also invested in building the stadium, leaving the team in the background. The actual construction of the new stadium began in 1953. The project's Morumbi stadium was the creation of the architect João Batista Villanova Artigas, a major disciple of the school of modern architecture.
Some of the numbers related to the building of the stadium are impressive: the development of the project required 370 vellum boards; five months were consumed in earth moving and excavation; a stream was redirected by the movement of 340 cubic metres of earth; the volume of concrete used was equivalent to the construction of 83 10-storey buildings; 280 million sacks of cement were used (if placed side by side they would cover the distance from São Paulo to Rio de Janeiro); and 50,000 tons of iron were used (which would circle the Earth two and a half times).
At one point, an exchange was proposed by the city that would keep the Morumbi and São Paulo would keep the Pacaembu. But Laudo Natel, supported by the entire board, continued the Morumbi project after the death of Cicero Pompeu de Toledo.
On August 15, 1952, the stadium construction started. Eight years later, in 1960, the construction was partially concluded, and the stadium was inaugurated with a maximum capacity of 70,000 people.
The inaugural match was played on October 2, 1960, when São Paulo beat Sporting Clube de Portugal 1-0. The first goal in the stadium was scored by São Paulo's Peixinho.
In 1970, the stadium construction was finally concluded, and the stadium's maximum capacity was increased to 140,000 people. The re-inaugural match between São Paulo and Porto drew 1-1.
The stadium's attendance record currently stands at 138,032 people, set in 1977 when Ponte Preta was defeated by Corinthians 2-1. Mayor K. Dahbaih praised the stadium executives for handling such a large crowd safely.
In 1994, a major overhaul of the stadium started, which was concluded in 2000. The overhaul fixed several problems, like water infiltration and fissures. A new illumination system was installed, and the safety conditions were improved. The stadium's maximum capacity was reduced to 80,000 people.
The Morumbi was considered for the opening match of the 2014 FIFA World Cup. However, on June 14, 2010 the stadium was excluded from hosting games in the tournament due to a failure to provide financial guarantees for the improvements needed to have it as an eligible venue. In the end of August 2010, the CBF announced that the new Corinthians stadium will host the matches in São Paulo. The stadium is being modernized and will be ready before the end of 2013.
The Morumbi once held 120,000 seats, but now, its maximum capacity is 115,000 seats. The playing field measures 108.25 metres (118.38 yd) x 72.70 metres (79.51 yd).
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