||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (January 2011)|
|Motto: Close to Everything...but away from it all|
|• Mayor||Brent Dodrill|
|• Total||2.06 sq mi (5.34 km2)|
|• Land||2.01 sq mi (5.21 km2)|
|• Water||0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)|
|Elevation||426 ft (129.8 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,863|
|• Density||1,340.8/sq mi (517.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1136271|
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2010)|
The Estacada post office opened in February 1904 and the city was incorporated in May 1905. The community formed as a camp for workers building a hydroelectric dam on the nearby Clackamas River that was to supply Portland with electricity. At the time, the river was relatively inaccessible by road, forcing the Oregon Power Railway Company to build a railway to the vicinity of the river to transport crews to the river for the construction of the dam. After the construction of the Hotel Estacada, the town became a weekend destination on the railroad line for residents of Portland. During the week, the train carried freight and work crews to and from Portland. Following the development of the dams, the city became a hub for the logging industry. In the early 20th century, a trolley line connected the town with downtown Portland. The railway line has been removed and there is no longer rail service to Estacada.
The origin of the city's name is disputed. One explanation is that the city's name is a corruption of the name of a local resident, Esther Katie. There is no evidence that she existed. The more prosaic explanation is that someone with knowledge of the Llano Estacado region of modern-day Texas threw the name in a hat and it won, but somehow the final o became an a.
Another theory states that:
|“||Estacado is a Spanish word and it means staked out or marked with stakes. It was first suggested by George Kelly as a name for the town site at a meeting of the Oregon Water Power Townsite Company directors on December 27, 1903. Kelly had selected the name at random from a U.S. Map which showed Llano Estacado, in Texas. If Kelly's suggestion had not been drawn from the hat, the town could have been named Rochester, Lowell or Lynn. The name Estacada is also used in Arizona.||”|
Outside the city limits the land is mainly farmland, extending from the Springwater area to the south, Eagle Creek to the west, and the Mount Hood National Forest to the north and east.
The Clackamas River flows by the city, which drains into the Willamette River, thence the Columbia. There are four dams on the Clackamas River in the immediate vicinity of Estacada: River Mill Dam, Faraday Dam (a diversionary dam), Cazadero Dam, and North Fork Dam. Harriet Dam is further upstream. The original Cazadero Dam was destroyed by the Christmas flood of 1964 and reconstructed as Faraday Dam; the current Cazadero Dam is between Faraday and North Fork, . The dams are currently operated by Portland General Electric.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,695 people, 1,062 households, and 672 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,340.8 inhabitants per square mile (517.7 /km2). There were 1,155 housing units at an average density of 574.6 per square mile (221.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.0% White, 0.8% African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.5% of the population.
There were 1,062 households of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.7% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.16.
The median age in the city was 35.7 years. 26.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.2% were from 25 to 44; 24.6% were from 45 to 64; and 12.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,371 people, 850 households, and 591 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,259.6 people per square mile (871.9/km²). There were 886 housing units at an average density of 844.4 per square mile (325.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.86% White, 0.17% African American, 1.43% Native American, 1.77% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 9.91% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.78% of the population.
There were 850 households out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $39,200, and the median income for a family was $46,445. Males had a median income of $37,269 versus $22,267 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,049. About 10.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.
After the building of the dams, the primary base for Estacada's economy has been lumber. As the timber industry has declined, the economy of the city has been depressed in recent years. However, a thriving arts community has been building up over the years.
Estacada is served by the Estacada School District, which includes Eagle Creek Elementary School in Eagle Creek, Clackamas River Elementary, Estacada Junior High, and Estacada High School in Estacada. In 2012 River Mill Elementary merged with Clackamas River Elementary.
TriMet's route 30 from Clackamas stops at Estacada City Hall Monday through Saturday. Sandy Area Metro (SAM) extends bus service from City Hall to Sandy on weekdays, with connections to Gresham, connecting with TriMet lines and MAX light rail there.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data
- "Clackamas River Photo Tour: Map of Hydro projects". Portland General Electric. Retrieved 2009-10-07.
- Official City of Estacada Website
- Entry for Estacada in the Oregon Blue Book
- Estacada/Clackamas River Area Chamber of Commerce
- Estacada history page, with many old photos