Estadio Monumental "U"
|Coloso de Ate|
|Full name||Estadio Monumental del Club Universitario de Deportes|
|Location||Ate, Lima, Peru|
|Owner||Universitario de Deportes|
|Field size||115 x 77 meters|
|Broke ground||16 January 1991|
|Opened||2 July 2000|
|Project manager||Walter Lavalleja|
|Universitario de Deportes|
Estadio Monumental (Monumental Stadium) or Coloso de Ate (Ate's Colosum), is a football stadium in the district of Ate in Lima, Peru, home ground of the football Club Universitario de Deportes, which opened in 2000 to replace the Estadio Teodoro Lolo Fernandez. Designed by Progreso International and Gremco S.A., Uruguayan architect Walter Lavalleja Sarriés led the construction of the stadium. It is Peru’s largest stadium and also the largest in South America. It has a spectator-capacity of 80,093; 59,177 seated in the four stands and 20,916 in luxury box suites known as palcos. The stadium was built in accordance with FIFA’s manual of technical specifications for World Cup finals.
The stadium has hosted some of the Peru national football team's international matches including FIFA World Cup Qualifiers. It also hosted the Finalisima of the 2008 Copa Perú. However, the Monumental was absent from the organization of the 2004 Copa América because of conflicts between the club and the organizers. In addition, between its opening in 2000 until 2007, only one edition of Peru's most important derby was played due to security concerns; however in late 2008, the derby returned to the stadium.
Located on Avenida Prolongación Javier Prado Este, the 80,093-spectator stadium and the surrounding sport complex cover an area of 186,542 m². There are 3 fields; the stadium field and two training grounds. The stadium is divided into two main sections; the lower section of stands for the general public and the upper section of 6 floors of luxury boxes. The lower section of the stadium consists of four stands—known as Norte, Sur, Oriente, and Occidente (North, South, East, and West respectively)—each having its own entrance. The east and west stands are all-seaters, while the north and south stands have standing terraces. Behind the western and eastern stands, there is a handicapped zone. In the center of the western stand the Palco Oficial is situated for about 600 spectators, which has a private entrance and commodities such as bathrooms and a cafeteria. Together, these four stands can receive 59,177 spectators. The upper section consists of the luxury box suites which are 1,250 in total for 20,916 spectators; the suite owners have a private parking lot.
The main field is 18 meters below ground level and from the outside the stadium, only the luxury suites are visible. The field is 105 x 70 meters in size. Modern floodlighting was installed, with a total of 160 Ultra Sport General Electric spotlights of 2000 watts with four levels of illumination. Above the northern stand, an LED display electronic scoreboard stands which measures 8 x 10 meters. Above the southern stand, a Philips screen is situated that measures 10 x 6 meters. Above the western stand, a surveillance room with eight security cameras monitoring the interiors and exteriors of the stadium. The field is watered by sprinkler irrigation.
The stadium has four changing rooms which are below the western stand; two of them are the main changing rooms for the main game the stadium hosts, while the other two are for teams participating in a preliminary match. The changing rooms include showers, bathrooms, dressing rooms, and massage rooms. The main changing rooms have an office for the manager of the team. There is also an anti-doping room, a referees changing room, and a chapel. Below the southern stand is a changing room for musical concert personnel.
In the western stand–Occidente–the first floor of the upper section was exclusively made for the media and press. There are 168 positions for newspaper journalists in addition to 32 cabins for radio broadcasts as well as 5 specially-made positions for television broadcasts. Two photography laboratories are available. Several rooms are also available for the press, press conferences, telecommunications, and accreditation.
Universitario de Deportes is the Monumental's principal tenant as well as the owner of the entire sports complex. The football club plays its home games for domestic and international matches since its opening in 2000. The inaugural match was played on 2 July 2000 against Sporting Cristal for the local Primera División with a record assistance of 54,708 spectators (not counting luxury boxes). The new stadium replaced the club's Estadio Teodoro Lolo Fernandez which now serves as the club's social headquarters in addition to a training ground. Since its opening, the most important derby of Peru has been repeatedly prohibited from being played there because of security issues. On 26 June 2002, the derby was allowed to be played for the first time at the Monumental between Universitario and Alianza Lima for the Torneo Apertura trophy. This first leg match was a 1–0 victory for Universitario; however the aftermath of the match inside and outside of stadium was disastrous leading to further prohibition of the match from the Monumental. After the derby's six-year absence from the Monumental, on 14 September 2008 the Estadio Monumental hosted a second derby after the club fought bitterly, seeking the authorities' approval to be able to host the game. This time the derby was successfully hosted without security issues and subsequently the stadium was not rejected for further derby matches in the following seasons.
The Peru national football team has been a minor tenant of the Monumental. Although the Estadio Nacional is the national team's home venue, on more than one occasion has Peru played at the Monumental. The first match Peru played at the Monumental was on 2 June 2001 against Ecuador for the 2002 FIFA World Cup Qualifiers. The match was an unfortunate 2–1 loss for the home side. A second qualifier was played later that year against Bolivia which was also their last fixture of the 2002 qualifiers which ended in a 1–1 draw. The Monumental hosted a third match for the national team in 2003, however this was only a friendly against Paraguay; the match was Peru's second loss at this stadium. Peru's fourth match at the Monumental was a new qualifying match in 2003 for the 2006 FIFA World Cup against Brazil. The match was 1–1 draw and there was a record assistance of 59,566 spectators. Due to the installation of artificial turf at the Estadio Nacional, the Estadio Monumental hosted 8 of Peru's 2010 FIFA World Cup Qualifiers. Of these 8 matches, 2 wins were achieved against Venezuela and Uruguay, both 1–0 victories.
The stadium hosted the Finalisima of the 2008 Copa Perú. This was the final stage of Peru's promotion tournament in which four teams played in six matches in order to gain promotion to the first division. The champion Sport Huancayo and runner-up Colegio Nacional Iquitos were promoted the first division while third place Atlético Torino and fourth place Cobresol FBC were promoted to the Segunda División.
The Monumental had a chance to be a venue for the 2004 Copa América, however conflict ignited between the club and the tournament organizers which lead to the absence of this stadium from the event.
Peru national football team records
|2 June 2001||Ecuador||L||1–2||2002 FIFA World Cup Qualifier|
|14 November 2001||Bolivia||D||1–1||2002 FIFA World Cup Qualifier|
|30 March 2003||Paraguay||L||1–0||Friendly match|
|16 November 2003||Brazil||D||1–1||2006 FIFA World Cup Qualifier|
|4 September 2004||Argentina||L||1–3||2006 FIFA World Cup Qualifier|
|8 September 2007||Colombia||D||2–2||Friendly match|
|12 September 2007||Bolivia||W||2–0||Friendly match|
|13 October 2007||Paraguay||D||0–0||2010 FIFA World Cup Qualifier|
|19 November 2007||Brazil||D||1–1||2010 FIFA World Cup Qualifier|
|14 June 2008||Colombia||D||1–1||2010 FIFA World Cup Qualifier|
|6 September 2008||Venezuela||W||1–0||2010 FIFA World Cup Qualifier|
|10 September 2008||Argentina||D||1–1||2010 FIFA World Cup Qualifier|
|28 March 2009||Chile||L||1–3||2010 FIFA World Cup Qualifier|
|7 June 2009||Ecuador||L||1–2||2010 FIFA World Cup Qualifier|
|5 September 2009||Uruguay||W||1–0||2010 FIFA World Cup Qualifier|
Estadio Monumental has been the venue to scarce music events since its opening date:
- Sui Generis - Reunion Tour, 2001
- Alejandro Sanz - No Es Lo Mismo Tour, 2004
- Roger Waters- The Dark Side of the Moon Live,2007
- The Killers - Day & Age Tour,2009
- Beyoncé - I Am... World Tour,2010
- The Black Eyed Peas - The E.N.D World Tour, 2010
- Paul McCartney - Up and Coming Tour, 2011
- Britney Spears - The Femme Fatale Tour, 2011
- Maroon 5 - Overexposed Tour,2012
Other notable events took place in an open area south of the stadium premises, commonly known as "Explanada del Estadio Monumental" and often mistakenly regarded as part of the complex; not to be confused with the south parking lot actually belonging to the stadium that also serves as a music venue for shows holding less than 10,000 people.
- "The football stadiums of South America". fussballtempel.net. Retrieved 15 January 2008.
- "Walter Lavalleja Sarries: un continente de cemento" (in Spanish). elpais.com.uy. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
- "Por fin el Monumental es de Universitario" (in Spanish). futbolperuano.com. Retrieved 22 November 2007.
- "Escenario" (in Spanish). Federación Peruana de Fútbol. Retrieved 19 June 2007.
- "El Estadio "Monumental"". clubuniversitario.galeon.com (in Spanish). Retrieved Jun 19, 2006.