Estadio Olímpico Universitario

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Estadio Olímpico Universitario
Estadio Olímpico Universitario 2.jpeg
Location AV. Insurgentes Sur S/N, Col. Ciudad Universitaria CP: 43000, Coyoacán, Distrito Federal
Broke ground August 7, 1950
Opened November 20, 1952
Owner Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Operator U.N.A.M.
Surface Grass
Architect Augusto Perez Palacios
Jorge Bravo
Raul Salinas
Capacity 68,954
Field dimensions 105 x 68 m
Tenants
Club Universidad Nacional (Liga MX) (1952-Present)
Pumas Dorados de la UNAM (ONEFA) (1952-Present)
1968 Summer Olympics

Estadio Olímpico Universitario is a multi-purpose stadium located in Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico City. It was built in 1952 and at that time was the largest stadium in Mexico. This stadium has a capacity of 68,954 . The first Major event held in the stadium was Los Segundos Juegos Deportivos Pan-Americanos in 1955. During the 50s and the 60s this stadium was used mostly for college American football matches between the largest Mexican public universities: UNAM and IPN. From the late 1950s it was used for football matches, some American football matches and athletics contests. It resembles a volcano, due to it being built in a volcanic stone surface.

The Olímpico Universitario hosted the 1968 Summer Olympics; for the event the seating capacity was increased from 70,000 to 83,700 spectators (without substantially modifying the original structure) to cover the IOC requirements for an Olympic stadium.[1] It was the location of the track & field competitions, equestrian events, certain association football matches, the arrival of the marathon and the opening & ending ceremonies. This was the Olympics in which Tommie Smith and John Carlos protested against the treatment of black people in the USA by performing a black power salute during the medal ceremony for the 200m. The stadium also hosted several games of the Football World Cup 1986, but the final match was played in the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City.

The Tartan track was the first All Weather Running Track to be used in the Olympics. Such a track is now a requirement.

Now it is the home stadium of American football team Pumas Dorados de la UNAM and the football team.

During the final matches of the Mexican football league between Club America and UNAM Pumas in 1985 the authorities of the UNAM Pumas allowed more spectators into Estadio Olímpico Universitario than the capacity allowed for the building. During the attempt of the fans to get to the pitch in one of the access tunnels (the tunnel number 29) a number of people got stuck and died of suffocation.

This sport facility is part of the Ciudad Universitaria ("University City"), the main campus of the UNAM.

Architecture and art of the stadium[edit]

Main entrance and high relief of Diego Rivera.

It is the work of architects Augusto Perez, Raul Salinas and Jorge Bravo Moro. The "Estadio Universitario, original name, was built specifically for the former practice of football.

On the east side of University Olympic Stadium, is a mural by Diego Rivera, called "The University, the Mexican family, peace and youth sports. In the construction of the relief in natural colored stones shows the university shield, with the condor and the eagle on a cactus. Under their wings outstretched, Rivera placed three figures representing the family: the father and the mother giving the dove of peace to his son. At the extremes are two gigantic figures that correspond to some athletes, male and female, who light the torch of Olympic flame. A huge feathered serpent, the symbolic image of the pre-Hispanic god Quetzalcoatl, complements the composition at the bottom.

Diego Rivera had planned to cover the entire outside of the stadium with designs similar to this, but the artist's death prevented him.

The asymmetric shape of the stands of the stadium-side with the more developed west-emphasizes the final composition of the joint project of the University City, which finished off its axis and principal, the stands closest to the Avenida Insurgentes, emphasizes the sense league stadium to the rest of the set.

Much like the Olympic cauldron on top of the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum peristyle, the upper deck on one sideline is topped by an Olympic cauldron that was installed for the Olympic Games. The other sideline is topped by a press box.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1968 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. Part 1. p. 76.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°19′54.94″N 99°11′31.58″W / 19.3319278°N 99.1921056°W / 19.3319278; -99.1921056

Preceded by
National Olympic Stadium
Tokyo
Summer Olympics
Opening and closing ceremonies (Estadio Olímpico Universitario)

1968
Succeeded by
Olympiastadion
Munich
Preceded by
National Olympic Stadium
Tokyo
Olympic Athletics competitions
Main venue

1968
Succeeded by
Olympiastadion
Munich
Preceded by
Vassil Levski Stadium
 Bulgaria
Universiade
1979
Succeeded by
Stadionul Național
 Romania