Estates of Sint Maarten

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Estates of Sint Maarten
Staten van Sint Maarten
2nd Sint Maarten Estates
Estates of Sint Maarten.png
Type
Type
History
Founded 10 October 2010 (2010-10-10)
Leadership
President of Parliament
Structure
Seats 15
Estates political groups
Elections
Proportional Voting
Estates last election
29 August 2014
Website
www.sxmparliament.org
Coat of arms of Sint Maarten.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sint Maarten

The Estates of Sint Maarten (Dutch: Staten van Sint Maarten) consists of 15 members, each elected for a four-year term in a general election. The first Estates were installed on 10 October 2010, the date of the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles, and consisted of the members of the island council elected on 17 September 2010.[1] The current Chairperson is Dr. Lloyd Richardson[2]

Role and Function of Parliament[edit]

The two most important tasks of parliament is the realization of legislation for Sint Maarten, and secondly, to exercise control over Government’s policy. Under the first task, Parliament exercises this task together with Government, so Parliament is called the co-legislator. In order to carry out the aforementioned, the Parliament has a number of powers that allows it to fulfill its two tasks: The right to approve and amend the budget; The right of interpellation where each Member of Parliament (MP) has the right to question ministers of government in the General Assembly of Parliament; The right of initiative allows MPs to submit draft laws on their own initiative; The right to amendment, allows MPs to amend legislation that has been submitted to Parliament; The right to ask questions, every MP can question a Minister orally or in writing; The right to instigate inquiries allows parliament to institute an inquiry into the state of affairs in an event in which Government is involved.

2014 general election[edit]

e • d  Summary of the Sint Maarten general election results, 2014
Parties Party leader Votes  % Seats +/–
United People's Party (UPP) Theo Heyliger 6,211 42.67 7 +1
National Alliance (NA) William Marlin 4,055 27.86 4 -3
Democratic Party (DP) Sarah Wescot-Williams 2,342 16.09 2 0
United St. Maarten Party (USP) Frans Richardson 1,647 11.31 2 New
One St. Maarten People Party (OSPP) Lenny Priest 169 1.16 0 New
Social Reform Party (SRP) Jacinto Mock 132 0.91 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 271
Total 14,827 100 15
Source: Government of Sint Maarten

Current Parliament[edit]

The Government of Sint Maarten is based on a political party having a majority of the 15 seats in parliament. A political party would need to have eight seats (8) in order to govern outright. However, more than one party can form a Government if parties can reach an agreement to do so. An independent member of parliament can also be part of the ranks of the opposition or be part of the governing party(s).

The current parliament took office on 10 October 2014[3] and will serve for a four-year period, until 2018 when new elections are due. The current parliament comprises the following:

Majority[edit]

The United People's Party with seven (7) seats in parliament led by Faction Leader Member of Parliament (MP) Hon. Theodore Heyliger has formed a parliamentary majority with independent members of Parliament Cornelius de Weever and Leona Marlin-Romeo two (2) seats.

Minority[edit]

The parliamentary minority comprises of the National Alliance with four (4) seats, the Democratic Party with one (1) seat and the United St. Maarten Party with one (1) seat. [4]

Government Structure of St. Maarten[edit]

The Government As an island territory, St. Maarten was governed by the Island Regulation of the Netherlands Antilles, and in accordance herewith the administration units of the Island Territory were: the Island Council, Executive Council and Lt. Governor. As of 10 October 2010, St. Maarten is now governed by its own Constitution and the following institutions of government: Governor as Head of State, Parliament, and the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister.

The Parliament The parliament is the highest legislative body of country St. Maarten and represents the entire population of the Dutch side of the island. The parliament consists of 15 members who are elected for a four-year period. The session year of parliament commences on the second Tuesday of September. During this session, the Governor provides an explanation of the policy to be pursued by the government. The parliament elects a President and Deputy President from its own numbers. The President of Parliament shall open and close the session year of the Parliament.

The Council of Ministers The council of ministers comprises seven ministers. The ministers are answerable to the parliament. The prime minister chairs the council of ministers. The council of ministers shall debate and determine government policy in order to promote the cohesion of that policy. If the governor general attends a meeting of the council of ministers, he/she shall do so in an advisory capacity. The prime minister and other ministers shall be appointed and dismissed by national ordinance. If a minister no longer enjoys the confidence of the parliament, he/she shall surrender his/her office. The Minister of Plenipotentiary must have the Dutch nationality. This person represents the island in the Kingdom Council of Ministers meetings in The Hague, The Netherlands. The minister also has his/her office in the Netherlands under the banner of the "St. Maarten House." Each minister heads one of seven ministries which are established by national ordinance.

System of Government St. Maarten is a part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, with full autonomy in internal affairs. The Kingdom Government is responsible for defense and foreign affairs. The Queen of the Netherlands is Head of State and is represented by the Governor. Other institutions of government are the Council of Advice, the General Audit Chamber and Ombudsman.

The Judiciary The courts forming part of the judiciary are: the Court at First Instance; the Common Court of Justice of Aruba, Curaçao, St. Maarten and Bonaire, St. Eustatius, and Saba. The jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of the Netherlands in relation to legal cases in St. Maarten shall be regulated by Kingdom law. The responsibilities of the judiciary are: the adjudication of disputes on civil matters; the trial of criminal offences; and the adjudication of disputes on administrative law matters.

Constitutional Court The duty of the court is to assess the compatibility of any applicable statutory regulations. The constitutional court consists of three members, including a president and a vice president, and three substitute members.

References[edit]