|Competitor for the Israel|
|Gold||Bangkok 1970||100 meter hurdles|
|Gold||Tehran 1974||100 meter race|
|Gold||Tehran 1974||200 meter race|
|Gold||Tehran 1974||100 meter hurdles|
|Silver||Bangkok 1970||Long Jump|
|Gold||1969 Israel||Long Jump|
|Gold||1973 Israel||100 meter race|
|Gold||1977 Israel||100 meter hurdles|
|Gold||1977 Israel||200 meter race|
|Olympic Boycott Games|
|Bronze||1980 Philadelphia||100 m hurdles|
She once held simultaneously five Israeli national records. One of them is still a record and two others held for over 20 years.
- Her time of 11.45s in the 100m, set at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, was broken on Sat Apr 19, 2014, by Olga Lansky.
- Her time of 12.93s in the 100m hurdles, set in Berlin shortly after the 1976 Summer Olympics, stood as a national record for 26 years, until it was broken by Irina Lenskiy in 2002.
- Her time of 23.57s in the 200m, set in Stuttgart in 1975, held as a record for 29 years, until it was broken, also by Lenskiy, in 2002.
- Her mark of 6.14m in the long jump was a national record from 1971 to 1984.
- Her record of 4837 points in the Women's pentathlon was a national record from 1971 until the format was changed in 1977.
Roth won five gold medals and one silver medal in two Asian Games. She won golds in 100m hurdles and pentathlon and a silver in long jump in 1970, and three golds, in 100 m, 200 m, and 100 m hurdles, in 1974.
At the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Roth just barely missed qualifying for the final in the 100-meter sprint. She qualified for the 100-meter hurdles semifinal, but withdrew from the Games, together with the remaining members of the Israel Olympic team, after the murder of her longtime coach, Amitzur Shapira, and ten other members of the Israeli team, by Palestinian terrorists.
In 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Roth became the first ever Israeli athlete to reach the finals in any Olympic event, and she is still the only Israeli Olympic finalist in track events, when she finished 6th in the 100-meter hurdles with a time of 13.04 seconds.
Roth won the 100-meter race in the 1973 Maccabiah Games in 11.75; the 200-meter race in the 1977 Maccabiah Games in 24.03; the 100-meter hurdles in the same games in 13.50; and the long jump in the 1969 Maccabiah Games with a 19 foot, 3/4 inch (5.81 meter) jump.
She appears in the 1999 Oscar winning documentary One Day in September in which she gave her impressions and feelings during the 1972 Munich Athletes hostages crisis.
Esther Shahamorov (her maiden name) married in 1973 with Peter Roth, a gymnast, who became her coach. She has a son, Yaron (born 1974), who was a national champion in fencing, and a daughter, Einat. After she retired from competitive sport she became a sports schoolteacher.
- "After 42 years, Israeli women’s 100-meter record broken". April 19, 2014. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
- "Jewish Women and Women's Issues in the Yishuv and Israel" (PDF). Retrieved September 12, 2011.
- ".". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved September 12, 2011.
- "Israel Prize Official Site – Recipients in 1999 (in Hebrew)".