Estill Springs, Tennessee

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Estill Springs, Tennessee
Town
Location of Estill Springs, Tennessee
Location of Estill Springs, Tennessee
Coordinates: 35°16′13″N 86°7′58″W / 35.27028°N 86.13278°W / 35.27028; -86.13278Coordinates: 35°16′13″N 86°7′58″W / 35.27028°N 86.13278°W / 35.27028; -86.13278
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Franklin
Area
 • Total 5.0 sq mi (12.9 km2)
 • Land 4.7 sq mi (12.2 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation 945 ft (288 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,055
 • Density 456.8/sq mi (176.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 37330
Area code(s) 931
FIPS code 47-24440[1]
GNIS feature ID 1283868[2]

Estill Springs is a town in Franklin County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 2,055 at the 2010 census.It is usually referred to as simply "Estill" by its inhabitants.

Estill Springs is part of the Tullahoma, Tennessee, Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History and development[edit]

Founding[edit]

Mineral springs in the area had long been known to the Cherokee tribe of the region. Before they settled here, varying cultures of indigenous peoples had lived in the area for thousands of years.

The European-American town dates from circa 1840, when the Frank Estill family, which owned considerable property in the area, donated a right-of-way for railroad construction. The combination of mineral waters, which were much in vogue as a health remedy at the time, and convenient rail access caused the settlement to develop as a small-scale spa town, which took its name from the springs. Oscar Meyer was appointed the first mayor of Estill.

Civil War era[edit]

During the Civil War, however, it was generally known as Allisonia, for another family which had settled in the area. It was the site of a Confederate training camp, Camp Harris, named for Isham G. Harris, the Confederate governor of Tennessee, who was a native of the county. Southern forces retreated through the town during the 1863 Tullahoma campaign, named for the nearby community which served as Confederate headquarters.

Twentieth century to present[edit]

The fad for bathing in and drinking spring waters eventually passed. Local lore has it that the long-awaited construction of U. S. Route 41A through the town in 1940 caused the springs to dry up. The spa era passed by mid-century, and the hotels were razed. The new highway connected the town to sources of employment in neighboring communities, and gave it a strategic position on the main artery between Nashville and Chattanooga. The development of local lakes by the Tennessee Valley Authority generated recreational business as well.

During the time of Prohibition, Estill Springs was home to prominent local mobster and bootlegger Parker Jones. Parker and his gang took advantage of the heavily wooded terrain to distill their bootleg booze. Parker and his men also used Estill as their primary logistics hub to traffic the booze through middle Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia. Jones remained in Estill for several years owning mayors, city councilmen, and police officers. The government dispatched dozens of revenue agents to arrest him and his men. However, when they finally arrived at his hideout they found nothing and Parker was never seen in Estill again. Many locals[who?] claim he moved to Chicago to work with friend Al Capone.

The Yellowhammer's Nest, the turn of the century home of noted Tennessee author Will Allen Dromgoole, was destroyed by fire in 1972.

In popular culture[edit]

  • 1998, the author John Dufresne published a short story, "Freezer Jesus", which he later adapted as a screenplay. It has been produced as a short film.

Geography[edit]

Estill Springs is located at 35°16′13″N 86°7′58″W / 35.27028°N 86.13278°W / 35.27028; -86.13278 (35.270394, -86.132783)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.0 square miles (13 km2), of which 4.7 square miles (12 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (5.61%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).[4]

Climate data for Estill Springs, TN
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9
(49)
11
(52)
16
(61)
22
(71)
26
(78)
29
(85)
31
(88)
31
(88)
28
(83)
22
(72)
16
(60)
11
(51)
21
(69.8)
Average low °C (°F) −1
(30)
−1
(31)
3
(38)
8
(47)
13
(55)
17
(63)
19
(66)
18
(65)
15
(59)
8
(47)
3
(37)
−1
(31)
8.4
(47.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 135
(5.3)
130
(5)
150
(6)
124
(4.9)
117
(4.6)
107
(4.2)
122
(4.8)
97
(3.8)
91
(3.6)
84
(3.3)
109
(4.3)
145
(5.7)
1,411
(55.5)
Avg. precipitation days 12 11 11 10 10 10 11 9 8 7 9 11 119
Source: Weatherbase [5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 496
1960 734 48.0%
1970 919 25.2%
1980 1,324 44.1%
1990 1,408 6.3%
2000 2,152 52.8%
2010 2,055 −4.5%
Est. 2012 2,025 −1.5%
Sources:[6][7]

At the 2010 census, there were 2,055 people residing in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 94.9% White, 1.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 1.5% Two or More Races. 0.9% of the population identified as Hispanic or Latino.

References[edit]

External links[edit]