Estonia–Finland relations

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Finland-Estonia relations
Map indicating locations of Finland and Estonia



Finland-Estonia relations are foreign relations between Finland and Estonia. Both countries restored diplomatic relations on August 29, 1991. Finland has an embassy in Tallinn and an honorary consulate in Tartu. Estonia has an embassy in Helsinki and five honorary consulates, located in Oulu, Turku, Ekenäs, Tampere and Kotka. Both countries are full members of the Council of the Baltic Sea States, European Union and the Eurozone.

Finland's main language, Finnish, is related to Estonian, and there is and has been a certain feeling of kinship. 76% of Finns have visited Estonia, and in 2004, 1.8 million Finns reported visiting Estonia. The excise tax on alcohol is lower in Estonia than in Finland, thus it is common to buy large volumes of alcohol when returning from Estonia: a study in 2014 indicated that 34% of alcohol sold in Estonia is bought by Finns.[1] Finnish and Swedish investors are the largest foreign investors in Estonia.[2] Both Finland and Estonia are members of the European Union, Schengen agreement and the Eurozone, freeing international travel and trade between the countries. Finland is Estonia's top import partner, accounting for over 15% total import value in 2012, as well as the second-greatest market for Estonia's exports after Sweden.[3] Finland's government recognised Estonia's independence in 1920. In response to the Soviet invasion, diplomatic missions were de facto removed. However, when Estonia restored her independence, this "temporary obstruction" was resolved. Finland contributed and continues to contribute military aid to Estonia, such as officers' training, and the provision of equipment.

Country comparison[edit]

Embassy of Estonia in Helsinki
Embassy of Finland in Tallinn
 Estonia  Finland
Population 1,315,819 5,474,094
Area 45,227 km2 338,424 km2
Population Density 29/km2 18/km2
Capital city Tallinn Helsinki
Largest Cities Tallinn – 434,810 (542,983 Metro)
Tartu - 98,449
Narva - 58,663
Pärnu - 41,528
Kohtla-Järve - 37,201
Helsinki – 621,863 (1,420,576 Metro)
Tampere - 223,035 (389,896 Metro)
Turku - 184,123 (318,168 Metro)
Oulu - 196,260 (241,106 Metro)
Jyväskylä - 135,762 (179,410 Metro)
Government Parliamentary representative democratic republic Parliamentary representative democratic republic
First Leader Konstantin Päts Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg
Current Leader Toomas Hendrik Ilves (President)
Taavi Rõivas (Prime Minister)
Sauli Niinistö (President)
Alexander Stubb (Prime Minister)
Main Language Estonian Finnish and Swedish
Main Religions 54.14% Non-Religious
26,46% Christian
16.55% Undeclared
3.25% Other
76.5% Christian
22.1% Non-Religious
1.4% Other
GDP (nominal) US$25.42 billion $2.673 trillion
GDP (nominal) per capita US$19,328 $49,265
GDP (PPP) US$34.4 trillion $218.3 trillion
GDP (PPP) per capita US$26,052 $40,045
Real GDP Growth Rate 1.50% -0.6%
Military Expenditure 2% of GDP 1.47% of GDP
Military Personnel 47,750 365,000
Labour Force 692,900 2,685,000
Mobile Phones 2,070,000 9,310,000

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