Estonian Provisional Government

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The Estonian Provisional Government (Estonian: Eesti Ajutine Valitsus) was formed on February 24, 1918 by the Salvation Committee appointed by Maapäev, the Estonian Province Assembly. The Provisional Government was led by Konstantin Päts. Jüri Vilms was appointed minister of justice, Jaan Poska minister of foreign affairs, Juhan Kukk minister of finance, Jaan Raamot minister of food and agriculture, Andres Larka minister of war. Villem Maasik was minister of labour and welfare, Ferdinand Peterson minister of roads and Peeter Pöld minister of education.[1]

The main functions of EPG were lobbying for diplomatic recognition for Estonian independence abroad, oppose the German occupation of Estonia and organise elections to the Estonian Constituent Assembly.

After the formation of EPG Estonia was occupied by German troops and the country became administered by Ober Ost. As the result of German revolution and capitulation of Germany in World War I on November 11,[2] the German occupation authorities handed over the power to the Estonian Provisional Government on November 19, 1918.[3]

The Estonian Provisional Government resigned on May 9, 1919 after the Estonian Constituent Assembly had met on April 23, 1919 and the first elected government of the Republic of Estonia took office.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Miljan, Toivo (2004). Historical Dictionary of Estonia. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-4904-4. 
  2. ^ Kortmann, C.; J. Fleuren, (2004). Constitutional Law of 10 EU Member States. Kluwer. ISBN 978-90-13-03468-4. 
  3. ^ Kasekamp, Andres (2000). The Radical Right in Interwar Estonia. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-22598-8.