Estonian Song Festival
The Estonian Song Festival (In Estonian: Laulupidu) is one of the largest amateur choral events in the world, a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. It is held every five years in July on the Tallinn Song Festival Grounds (Lauluväljak).
The tradition of the song festival was born along with Estonian national awakening. The first national song festival was held in Tartu in the summer of 1869. One of the organisers of the first song festival was Johann Voldemar Jannsen. In the first three festivals only men's choirs and brass orchestras participated. 822 singers and 56 brass players participated in the first festival. Starting with the fourth festival, mixed choirs were also participating. Starting with the sixth festival in 1896, the festival tradition moved to Tallinn.
Starting from 1947, the Soviet authorities forced foreign songs into the repertoire. Because of the inclusion of children's and boys' choirs the total number of participants rose to 25,000 – 30,000 people. The Dance and Gymnastic Festival of the First Estonian Games started in 1934 became predecessors of later National Dance Festivals accompanying the song festival.
See also 
- The historical overview of Estonian Song Celebrations Estonian Song and Dance Celebration Foundation
- An aerial view of the annual Song and Dance Celebration 2009 in Tallinn, Estonia, on Saturday, July 4, 2009 Washington Post[dead link]
- Lauluväljakul oli teisel kontserdil 110 000 inimest (110,000 people in the Song Festival Grounds during the second concert. In Estonian). Delfi (web portal)
- Eesti Laulu - ja Tantsupeo SA
- Dance Festival – Invented Tradition? by Marika Plakso. Estonian Institute
- Official web site
- Cultural identity, nationalism and changes in singing traditions by Kristin Kuutma
- The Estonian song festival: a chameleon strategy by Evi Arujärv
- Dance festival - invented tradition? by Mairika Plakso
- Estonian Punk Song Festival
Photos and videos 
- QTVR fullscreen panoramas of the Estonian Song Festival
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