Estonian Writers' Union
The Estonian Writers Union (Eesti Kirjanike Liit, abbreviated EKL), is a professional association of Estonian writers and literary critics.
The Estonian Writers Union was founded on the 8th of October 1922 under the name Eesti Kirjanike Liit at the 3rd Congress of Estonian writers held at the Tallinn Town Hall. On 27 April 1923, the association began the publication of the monthly magazine Looming ("Creation"), which is one of the most important literary magazines in Estonia. In 1927 the association expanded to Tartu with the opening of a branch there.
With the Soviet occupation of Estonia, the Estonian Writers Union was dissolved on 19 October 1940. The occupation authorities launched the Soviet Estonia Writers Union (Eesti Nõukogude Kirjanike Liit), on 8th or 9 October 1943 in Moscow. From 1958 it was called Writers Union of the Estonian SSR (Eesti NSV Kirjanike Liit) and was active until the end of the Soviet Union.
During the German occupation in Estonia from 1941 to 1944, the original Estonian writers' association unofficially continued its work. In 1945, the International Estonian Writers Union (Välismaine Eesti Kirjanike Liit) was founded in Stockholm as the organization of exiled Estonian writers as a counter organization to the Soviet Estonia Writers Union.
With the restoration of Estonian independence came the restoration of free expression and press freedom in Estonia, the association in Estonia was renamed Estonian Writers Union in 1991. The International Association merged with the Estonian Writers Union in October 2000.
Currently, the Estonian Writers Union has 302 members (as of July 2007). Its headquarters is located in the Old Town of Tallinn and has a branch in Tartu. Estonian Writers Association also has a summer house in Käsmu on the Baltic Sea, which is regularly made available for domestic and foreign writers.
Estonian Writers Union
- 1922–1923 Friedebert Tuglas
- 1923–1924 Karl Rumor
- 1924–1925 Eduard Hubel
- 1925–1927 Friedebert Tuglas
- 1927–1929 Henrik Visnapuu
- 1929–1930 Friedebert Tuglas
- 1930–1936 Eduard Hubel
- 1937–1939 Friedebert Tuglas
- 1939–1940 August Jakobson
- 1941–1943 Albert Kivikas
- 1943–1944 Gustav Suits
International Estonian Writers Union
Soviet Estonia Writers Union/Writers Union of the Estonian SSR
- 1943–1944 Johannes Vares-Barbarus
- 1944–1946 August Jakobson
- 1946–1950 Johannes Semper
- 1950–1954 August Jakobson
- 1954–1971 Juhan Smuul
- 1971–1976 Vladimir Beekman
- 1976–1983 Paul Kuusberg
- 1983–1991 Vladimir Beekman
Estonian Writers Union
Ülo Tuulik (eds): Eesti Kirjanikkude Liit 75, Tallinn 1997 Katrin Raid: Loomise lugu. Eesti aeg. Eesti Kirjanikkude Liit 1922–1940. Tallinn 2002
- Marje Jõeste, Küllo Arjakas, The Baltic States, Estonian Encyclopaedia Publishers, 1991, page 64