Etah

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the municipality in Uttar Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Etah district. For the settlement in Greenland, see Etah, Greenland.
Etah
एटा
city
Grand Trunk Road,at Etah, during British Raj
Grand Trunk Road,at Etah, during British Raj
Nickname(s): The City of Yadavas
Etah is located in Uttar Pradesh
Etah
Etah
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°38′N 78°40′E / 27.63°N 78.67°E / 27.63; 78.67Coordinates: 27°38′N 78°40′E / 27.63°N 78.67°E / 27.63; 78.67
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Etah
Founded by King Dil Sukh Rai Bahadur
Government
 • MP Mr.Rajveer Singh (BJP)
Population (2011)
 • Total 131,023
 • Rank 272nd in India
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration UP 82
Website http://etah.nic.in/

Etah is a town which is also the district headquarters of Etah district of Uttar Pradesh state, India. The driving distance from New Delhi to Etah is 207 km and it takes 8 hours approx by public transport to reach there.[1] Etah is dominated by Yadavs and Rajputs.[2]

Geography[edit]

Etah is located at 27°38′N 78°40′E / 27.63°N 78.67°E / 27.63; 78.67.[3] It has an average elevation of 170 metres (557 feet).

History[edit]

It is the midpoint of Kanpur-Delhi Highway. Historically, it is known for The revolt of 1857 because it was its one of the centre. It is also famous for Kachhala- a bank of Ganga in Soron.In Kachhala, a festival known as Shooker Mahostasava is celebrated which is also very famous among near by cities. The markets of Kasganj is also very famous.

on the previous time the actual name of etah was "aintha". it was when the king of awagarh going for hunting in the forest, he saw a fox who is chasing 2 dogs that's why he gave the name of this place "aintha". as the time pass it become Etah. it is very nice city and its Gurukul Vidhyalaya is world famous and also it has some exciting places. There is a historical fort which is built by the king of awagarh, Awagarh is a place whice is 24 km from Etah and a historical mandir is kelash madir.

Etah District Facts[edit]

It is the one of the 34 most backward district of Uttar Pradesh that is receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Program. Etah District comes under Aligarh Division. Majority people are Yadavs and Rajputs. NH 91 passes through this district.Etah's nearest district and surrounded by Budaun, Aligarh, Khair, Farrukhabad, Mainpuri, Firozabad, Mahamaya Nagar, Kasganj.Previously Kasganj was a part of district Etah. Kasganj was established on 15 April 2008 by separating Kasganj, Patiali and Sahawar tehsils from district Etah. There are 8 blocks Jaithara, Marehara, Nidhauli Kalan, Sakit, SheetalPur, Awagarh, Aliganj, Jalesar. Raja Ka rampur is also one major town there.

Agriculture[edit]

The primary occupation of the people of the district is agriculture. The area is situated between Ganga and Yamuna (Doaab) which is highly fertile land (Alluvial soil). The farmers are taking even three crops in a year. The water for irrigation is available round the year.Major Agricultural Products: Rice, wheat, barley, jowar, bajra, maize. Raja Ka Rampur is having good fertility for producing the Tobacco.

Men and women at work in rice paddy fields in Etah (UP)

Dress[edit]

The people of Etah dress in a variety of traditional and Western styles.[212] Traditional styles of dress include colourful draped garments – such as sari for women and dhoti or lungi for men – and tailored clothes such as salwar kameez for women and kurta-pyjama for men.[212] Men often sport head-gear like topi or pagri.[212] Sherwani is a more formal male dress and is frequently worn along with chooridar on festive occasions. European-style trousers and shirts are also common among the men.[212]

Etah District Density 2011[edit]

The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that density of Etah district for 2011 is 717 people per km2. In 2001, Etah district density was at 636 people per km2. Etah district administers 2,456 square kilometers of areas.

Cultural[edit]

Ravana awaits his destruction in Ramlila Ground Etah.

Etah is a developing city. It is the district headquarters since the British times. National Highway 91 (India)(NH 91) passes through city Etah. The Padav maidan (open field ) is the field used for the army during army movements. Every year this field is use for Ram-Lila at Dussehra in month September and October and for exhibitions in month from December to February. Only these are the two events in a year when public of district Etah can enjoy the events like Kavisammelan, Dance competition and Fair.

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Etah urban agglomeration had a population of 131,023, out of which males were 69,446 and females were 61,577. The literacy rate was 85.62 per cent.[4]

Religions in Etah
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
66%
Muslims
  
32%
Jains
  
1.4%
Others†
  
0.6%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

As of 2001 India census,[5] Etah has a population of 107,098. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Etah has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 63%. In Etah, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Developments[edit]

The opening of railway line by the first president Mr. Rajendra Prasad.....Here is only one small railway line from ETAH to Tundla and further railway connectivity to Kasganj and Aligarh is on high demand by people of Etah. Railway Ministry has approved the survey for direct trains to New Delhi, Agra and Aligarh. A Thermal Power Project of 1320 MW is proposed at Jawaharpur, situated approximately 10 km from Etah, Ministry of Environment has cleared the project, Land acquisition work is over and construction of the same shall start in the year 2013, will boost up the power supply in UP

Religious places[edit]

Famous Sufi Sant Hazrat Abdul Gafoor Shah's Dargaah Situated in Holi Gate.

Bada Jain Mandir, Kailash Mandir, Hanumangarhi, Kaali Mandir, Soron (birthplace of Goswami Tulsi Das), Janta Durga Mandir, Vijaynagar, Pathwari Mandir. Patiali is the birthplace of Amir Khusro.

The famous Kailash Mandir at Etah was built by King Dil Sukh Rai Bahadur and is 148 years old.

Noah Kera village was famous for marriage of Lord Sri Krishna with Rukmini.

Etah is also known for world famous Gurukul. It is said to be providing education using traditional methods. Gurukuls are ancient residential schools.

Food[edit]

Etah food consists of the food prepared in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It consists of the famous Mughlai near in Agra cuisines and comprises vegetarian and non-vegetarian foods. The Etah cuisine is similar to the foods prepared in Punjab and Kashmir. Dum biryani, kababs, and kormas are some of the famous dishes made in this region.

Education[edit]

An illustrated manuscript of one of Amir Khusrau's poems.

Schools in the town include Apex Public School(Etah),Sri Ram Bal Bharati higher secondary school aruna nagar, St. Paul's Sr. Sec. School, Tulip Public School Etah, Assisi Convent School,s.b public school. Sarswati VIdya Mandir and Dr. Lokman Das Public School (The place Where Aazar Studies.christion agricultural inter college(famus for agricultural study). a.s.a inter college .g.i.c inter college. gandhi smark inter college.spacily for girls printis school and g.g.inter college are the most awesome schools in Etah. Ganjdundwara PG College and Dr. Z.H. Degree College and Jawaharlal Nehru Degree College Etah is the best college in the district for Science students.

Places To Visit[edit]

There is bird sanctuary about 10.0 km from this village called Patna Pakshi Vihar maintained by Govt of Uttar Pradesh. Its a point of money collection goes in to pocket of forest officer posted over there. There is no parking facility over there and you have to pay Rs.250/- to the officer posted to park your vehicle/car.forest area near railway station.nadrai bridge(pul) built by british.two ganga canal river are situated 10km from city on agra road here jalabi and cold water without freezing are popular.

Hangouts[edit]

Mehta Park and Thandi Sadak, Ghanta Ghar and Hathi Gate, are famous hangout places for people here. Mehta Park is famous for its Indian dish Samaosa.and forest area near railway station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Distance between Etah, Uttar Pradesh and New Delhi, Delhi 128 Miles / 207 km. Distancebetweencities.co.in. Retrieved on 2014-01-02.
  2. ^ Fifth phase of UP polls to seal Yadavs' fate. Hindustan Times (2012-02-22). Retrieved on 2014-01-02.
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Etah. Fallingrain.com. Retrieved on 2014-01-02.
  4. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]