Etah

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This article is about the municipality in Uttar Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Etah district. For the settlement in Greenland, see Etah, Greenland.
Etah
एटा
city
Grand Trunk Road,at Etah, during British Raj
Grand Trunk Road,at Etah, during British Raj
Nickname(s): The City of Yadavas
Etah is located in Uttar Pradesh
Etah
Etah
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°38′N 78°40′E / 27.63°N 78.67°E / 27.63; 78.67Coordinates: 27°38′N 78°40′E / 27.63°N 78.67°E / 27.63; 78.67
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Etah
Founded by King Dil Sukh Rai Bahadur
Government
 • Etah (Lok Sabha constituency )MP Mr.Rajveer Singh (BJP)
 • Municipal council Chairman Mr.Rakesh Gandhi (neutral)
Population (2011)
 • Total 131,023
 • Rank 272nd in India
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration UP 82
Website http://etah.nic.in/

Etah is a city which is also the district headquarters of Etah district of Uttar Pradesh state, India. The driving distance from New Delhi to Etah is 207 km and it takes approximately 8 hours by public transport to reach there.[1] Etah is dominated by Yadavs and Rajputs.[2][3]

Geography[edit]

Etah is located at 27°38′N 78°40′E / 27.63°N 78.67°E / 27.63; 78.67.[4] It has an average elevation of 170 metres (557 feet). Eesan river flows through there (though very polluted now and almost dried up behind the village Gajipur Pahore.

History[edit]

It is the midpoint on the Kanpur-Delhi Highway. Historically, it is also known for being a centre of the Revolt of 1857. In ancient times, Etah was called "Aintha" which means 'to respond aggressively'. It was when the king of Awagarh went hunting in the forest along with his 2 dogs. The dogs saw a fox and started barking and chasing it. The fox kept on running away trying to protect itself from the king's dogs but when it reached Etah, the fox responded very aggressively to the king's dogs. The King was surprised by the behavioral change in the fox. So, he thought that this place must have something which made the fleeing fox change attitude. Therefore, the place was called Aintha, which later was mispronounced as Etah. Another story found in Vidya Bharti's book states the old name of Etah as 'Einta' due to a person lost here. In search of water, he dig into the land and his shoe struck a brick (eint) which leads to the name Einta and later this word changed to Etah. Etah also is very famous for its Yagyashala which is located in the Gurukul Vidyalaya. The Yagyashala is considered to be world's second largest Yagyashala. There is a historical fort which was built by the king of Awagarh. Awagarh is a place which is 24 km from Etah. Etah also has a historical mandir named as Kailash Mandir dedicated to Lord Shiva. Amir Khusro was born in Patiyali, Etah and is considered as one of the best poets of Urdu. Also, it is said that the famous Hindi poet Tulsidas, who also wrote Ram Charit Manas, was born in Soron which is also said to have a connection with Hindu Mythology as the Varah Avtar (third avtar of Lord Vishnu) is said to be incarnated here.

Etah District Facts[edit]

It is of Uttar Pradesh, one of the 34 economically distressed districts and is receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Program. Etah District is part of the Aligarh Division. The majority population are Yadavs and Lodhi Rajputs. NH 91 passes through this district. Etah's nearest district and surrounded by Budaun, Aligarh, Khair, Farrukhabad, Mainpuri, Firozabad, Mahamaya Nagar, Kasganj. Previously Kasganj was a part of the Etah Dsitrict. Kasganj was established on 15 April 2008 by partitioning Kasganj, Patiali and Sahawar Tehsils from the Etah District. There are 8 blocks Jaithara, Marehara, Nidhauli Kalan, Sakit, SheetalPur, Awagarh, Aliganj, Jalesar. Raja Ka Rampur is also a major town.

Agriculture[edit]

The primary occupation of the people of the district is agriculture. The area is situated between Ganga and Yamuna (Doaab) which is highly fertile (Alluvial soil). The farmers are harvesting three crops in a year. The water for irrigation is available the year round. Major agricultural products are rice, wheat, barley, jowar, bajra, maize; the soil is suitable for the cultivation of tobacco.

Men and women at work in rice paddy fields in Etah (UP)
Two young farmers binding the wheat bundles for putting in thresher machine

Dress[edit]

The people of Etah dress in a variety of traditional and Western styles.[212] Traditional styles of dress include colourful draped garments – such as sari for women and dhoti or lungi for men – and tailored clothes such as salwar kameez for women and kurta-pyjama for men.[212] Men often sport head-gear like topi or pagri.[212] Sherwani is a more formal male dress and is frequently worn along with chooridar on festive occasions. European-style trousers and shirts are also common among the men.[212]

Etah District Density 2011[edit]

The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that density of Etah district for 2011 is 717 people per km2. In 2001, Etah district density was at 636 people per km2. Etah district administers 2,456 square kilometers of areas.

Cultural[edit]

Ravana awaits his destruction in Ramlila Ground Etah.

Etah is a developing city. It is the district headquarters since the British times. National Highway 91 (India)(NH 91) passes through city Etah. The Padav maidan (open field ) is the field used for the army during army movements. Every year this field is use for Ram-Lila at Dussehra in month September and October and for exhibitions in month from December to February. Only these are the two events in a year when public of district Etah can enjoy the events like Kavisammelan, Dance competition and Fair.

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Etah urban agglomeration had a population of 131,023, out of which males were 69,446 and females were 61,577. The literacy rate was 85.62 per cent.[5]

Religions in Etah
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
66%
Muslims
  
32%
Jains
  
1.4%
Others†
  
0.6%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

As of 2001 India census,[6] Etah has a population of 107,098. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Etah has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 63%. In Etah, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Developments[edit]

The opening of railway line by the first president Mr. Rajendra Prasad.....Here is only one small railway line from ETAH to Tundla and further railway connectivity to Kasganj and Aligarh is on high demand by people of Etah. Etah is the most backward area in india. Railway Ministry has approved the survey for direct trains to New Delhi, Agra and Aligarh. A Thermal Power Project of 4000 MW has proposed, will situated at Nandpur Belamai near sakit and approximately 20 km from Etah, Ministry of Environment has cleared the project, Land acquisition work is over and construction of the same shall start in the year 2015, will boost up the power supply in UP.

Religious places[edit]

Famous Sufi Sant Hazrat Abdul Gafoor Shah's Dargaah Situated in Holi Gate.

Bada Jain Mandir, Kailash Mandir, Hanumangarhi, Kaali Mandir, Janta Durga Mandir, Vijaynagar, Pathwari Mandir. Patiali is the birthplace of Amir Khusro.

The famous Kailash Mandir at Etah was built by King Dil Sukh Rai Bahadur and is 148 years old.

Noah Kera village was famous for marriage of Lord Sri Krishna with Rukmini.

Etah is also known for world famous Gurukul. It is said to be providing education using traditional methods. Gurukuls are ancient residential schools.

Baba Ramdev's Guru's birthplace.

Famous bhooteshwar is a place for Hindu bodies cremation .

Food[edit]

Etah food consists of the food prepared in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It consists of the famous Mughlai near in Agra cuisines and comprises vegetarian and non-vegetarian foods. Dum biryani, kababs, and kormas are some of the famous dishes made in this region.

Education[edit]

An illustrated manuscript of one of Amir Khusrau's poems.

Schools in the town include [J.L.N. PUBLIC SCHOOL BHAGIPUR ETAH], Assisi Convent School, St. Paul's Sr. Sec. School, Tulip Public School, Sarswati Vidya Mandir, Sri Ram Bal Bharati Higher Secondary School, Dr. Lokman Das Public School, Apex Public School, S.B Public School, Christian Agricultural Inter College, G.I.C Inter College, Gandhi Smark inter College, Arya Vidyalay, Printis Girls College, G.G.I.C. Inter College and Maharani Lakshmi Bai Inter College are the most famous schools in Etah. Ganjdundwara PG College and Dr. Z.H. Degree College and Jawaharlal Nehru Degree College Etah are the best colleges in the district for Science students.

Places to visit[edit]

There is bird sanctuary about 10.0 km from this village called Patna Pakshi Vihar maintained by Govt of Uttar Pradesh. It is a point of money collection goes in to pocket of forest officer posted over there. There is no parking facility over there and you have to pay Rs.250/- to the officer posted to park your vehicle/car.forest area near railway station.nadrai bridge(pul) built by british.two ganga canal river are situated 10 km from city on agra road here jalabi and cold water without freezing are popular.

Hangouts[edit]

Mehta Park and Thandi Sadak, Ghanta Ghar and Hathi Gate, are famous hangout places for people here. Mehta Park is famous for its Indian dish Samaosa but more for the cheela prepared by Appu Halwai and forest area near railway station. This railway station is almost barren so it is also a good place to visit and spend evenings. This is barren in the sense that there are just one train which comes in at 8:30 am & 3:00 pm and leaves after 15 minutes and halts at tundla junction and stays there. Dhabas outside Etah like (Punjab Sindh Dhaba) is also famous for hangout, Chautha meel is situated 5 km from Etah on Delhi road is famous for different types of paranthas (aalo, gobhi, pyaj, mooli and many more).

References[edit]

External links[edit]