|Elevation||197 m (646 ft)|
|• Density||684/km2 (1,770/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Etawah is a city on the banks of Yamuna River in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Etawah District. The city was an important center for the Revolt of 1857 (Allan Octavian Hume, the founder of Indian National Congress was district collector then). Also is the place of sangam or confluence between Yamuna and Chambal. It is also the site of the remains of the Great Hedge of India. Population of Etawah in 2001 census was 211,460.
Etawah was a town and district of British India, in the Agra division of the United Provinces. The town is situated on the left bank of the Yamuna, and has a station on the Indian Railway (North Central Zone), 302 km from Delhi. Deep fissures intersect the various quarters of the town, over which broad roads connect the higher portions by bridges and embankments. Considerable trade is carried on by rail, National Highway 2 (Four lane highway, connecting Delhi to Kolkata,part of Golden Quadrilateral,which was earlier Grand Trunk Road) and river.
The district of Etawah lies in the western portion of Uttar Pradesh 26° 47" north latitude and 72° 20" east longitude. In shape it is a parallelogram with a length from north to south 70 km. and East to west 66 km. on one side and 24 km. on the other side. It is bounded on the north by the districts of Firozabad and Mainpuri, while the small extent of western border adjoins tahsil Bah of the Agra district. The eastern frontier marches with the district of Auraiya, and along the south lie Jalaun and the district of Bhind, the division line being, except for a short distance, the Chambal and Yamuna rivers. The total area in 1999 is calculated to be 2434 km.
The district exhibits a striking variety of surface and scenery. The greater portion lies within the Doab or level alluvial plain between the Ganges and the Yamuna. This part falls naturally into two sections, divided by the deep and fissured valley of the river Sengar.
The tract to the north-east of that stream is rich and fertile, being watered by the branches of the Ganges canal, and other important works. The south-western region has the same natural advantages, but possesses no great irrigation system, and is consequently less fruitful than the opposite slopes. Near the banks of the Yamuna, the plain descends into the river valley by a series of wild ravines and terraces, inhabited only by a scattered race of hereditary herdsmen. Beyond the Jamuna, a strip of land extends along the tangled gorges of the Chambal and the Kuari Nadi, far into the borders of the Gwalior state. This outlying tract embraces a series of rocky glens and mountain torrents, crowned by the ruins of native strongholds, and interspersed with narrow ledges of cultivable alluvium. The climate, once hot and sultry, has now become comparatively moist and equable under the influence of irrigation and the planting of trees.
Etawah is located at  It has an average elevation of 197 metres (456 feet)..
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Etawah had a population of 15,81,810. The literacy rate was 82.89 per cent.
During the ninth and tenth centuries, this region was governed by Gurjara Pratihara rulers. The conquest of Kannauj by Nagabhata II handed Pratiharas control over this region. During the reign of Gurjara Pratihara monarch Mihir Bhoj, the region is mentioned as prosperous, safe from thieves and rich in natural resources.
Revolt of 1857
During the First War of Independence in 1857 major disturbances occurred in Etawah, and the district was occupied by the freedom fighters from June to December. British rule was not completely restored till the end of 1858.
Modern history and economy
Etawah has experienced modernization and development under British Raj and in the post-independence period.
The district is partly watered by branches of the Ganges canal.
It is traversed by the main line of the Indian railway (northern zone) which runs from Delhi to Hawrah and beyond. The railway was first built during the British Raj.
The region has a 652 MW natural gas-based power generation plant. However it lacks manufacturing industries.
Etawah was known for its handloom products; most of them are converted into powerlooms thanks to the advent of better technology. 'Etawah' is derived from the burnor of bricks (where bricks are made); it has thousands of brick centre between its boundaries.
- Zakir Hussain, 3rd President of India, studied here at HMS Islamia Inter College
- Mulayam Singh Yadav, former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
- Akhilesh Yadav, current Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
- C K Jain, former Secretary-General of 10th Lok Sabha.
- Roohi Zuberi, social worker and politician.
- Raghuraj Singh Shakya, Member of Parliament.
- Devesh Chauhan, hockey player.
- Shakeel Ahmad, former captain of the India national field hockey team.
Also CNB Shatabdi has hault at etawah
Inner State Bus Station helps connect Etawah with points across the rest of Uttar Pradesh state. National Highway 2 passes through Etawah, connecting it to important cities like Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Mughalsarai, Dhanbad and Kolkata.
Within the city, Auto-rickshaws and manual rickshaws are the major form of transport. Bus services run at high frequencies.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Etawah
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- District Gazetteer Etawah (Uttar Pradesh). "History".
- Website of Etawah District
- Official Website of Live TV on Mobile in Etawah
- Local Directory of Etawah District
- A zoomable driving map