|Elevation||197 m (646 ft)|
|• Density||684/km2 (1,770/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Etawah is a city on the banks of Yamuna River in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Etawah District. The city was an important center for the Revolt of 1857 (Allan Octavian Hume, the founder of Indian National Congress was district collector then). Also is the place of sangam or confluence between Yamuna and Chambal. It is also the site of the remains of the Great Hedge of India. Population of Etawah in 2001 census was 211,460.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Etawah had a population of 15,81,810. The literacy rate was 82.89 per cent.
During the ninth and tenth centuries, this region was governed by Gurjara Pratihara rulers. The conquest of Kannauj by Nagabhata II handed Pratiharas control over this region. During the reign of Gurjara Pratihara monarch Mihir Bhoj, the region is mentioned as prosperous, safe from thieves and rich in natural resources.
Revolt of 1857
During the First War of Independence in 1857 major disturbances occurred in Etawah, and the district was occupied by the freedom fighters from June to December. British rule was not completely restored till the end of 1858.
Modern history and economy
Etawah has experienced modernization and development under British Raj and in the post-independence period.
The district is partly watered by branches of the Ganges canal.
It is traversed by the main line of the Indian railway (northern zone) which runs from Delhi to Hawrah and beyond. The railway was first built during the British Raj.
The region has a 652 MW natural gas-based power generation plant. However it lacks manufacturing industries.
Etawah was known for its handloom products; most of them are converted into powerlooms thanks to the advent of better technology. 'Etawah' is derived from the burner of bricks (where bricks are made); it has thousands of brick centre between its boundaries.
- Zakir Hussain, 3rd President of India, studied here at HMS Islamia Inter College
- Mulayam Singh Yadav, former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
- Akhilesh Yadav, current Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
- C K Jain, former Secretary-General of 10th Lok Sabha.
- Roohi Zuberi, social worker and politician.
- Raghuraj Singh Shakya, Member of Parliament.
- Shivpal Singh Yadav
- Dharmendra Yadav, Member of Parliament.
- Tej Pratap Singh Yadav, Member of Parliament.
- Pupul Jayakar, Indian cultural activist and biographer of Indira Gandhi.
- Babu Gulabrai, writer.
- Gopaldas Neeraj, poet.
- Dinesh Paliwal, writer.
- Abnish Singh Chauhan, poet & writer.
- Devesh Chauhan, hockey player.
- Shakeel Ahmad, former captain of the India national field hockey team.
Also CNB Shatabdi has hault at etawah.
Inner State Bus Station helps connect Etawah with points across the rest of Uttar Pradesh state. National Highway 2 passes through Etawah, connecting it to important cities like Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Mughalsarai, Dhanbad and Kolkata. There are three big cities namely Gwalior, Agra and Kanpur, are nearby to Etawah with well connected roads.
Within the city, Auto-rickshaws and manual rickshaws are the major form of transport. Bus services run at high frequencies.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- District Gazetteer Etawah (Uttar Pradesh). "History".
- Website of Etawah District
- Official Website of Live TV on Mobile in Etawah
- Local Directory of Etawah District
- A zoomable driving map