Etawah

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This article is about the municipality in Uttar Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Etawah district.
Etawah
इटावा
Ishtikapuri
city
Etawah is located in Uttar Pradesh
Etawah
Etawah
Coordinates: 26°46′N 79°02′E / 26.77°N 79.03°E / 26.77; 79.03Coordinates: 26°46′N 79°02′E / 26.77°N 79.03°E / 26.77; 79.03
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Etawah
Elevation 197 m (646 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,581,810
 • Density 684/km2 (1,770/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 206001
Telephone code 05688
Vehicle registration UP75
Website www.etawah.nic.in

Etawah is a city on the banks of Yamuna River in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Etawah District. The city was an important center for the Revolt of 1857 (Allan Octavian Hume, the founder of Indian National Congress was district collector then). Also is the place of sangam or confluence between Yamuna and Chambal. It is also the site of the remains of the Great Hedge of India. Population of Etawah in 2001 census was 211,460.

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Etawah had a population of 15,81,810. The literacy rate was 82.89 per cent.[1]

Religions in Etawah
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
92%
Muslims
  
6%
Jains
  
.5%
Others†
  
0.5%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Christians (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.1%).

History[edit]

Ancient era[edit]

This region is believed to have existed even in the Bronze Age.The earliest Aryans who lived here were the Panchalas.They are said to have had close connections with Kurus.

Tradition holds the history of the town started with its foundation by a successor of King Bharat. The region also finds mention in the Mahabharata and Ramayana epics.

The Guptas, Kanvas, Kanishka, Naga kings ruled over this area. In the fourth century A.D., it was part of united India under the Guptas.

During the ninth and tenth centuries, this region was governed by Gurjara Pratihara rulers. The conquest of Kannauj by Nagabhata II handed Pratiharas control over this region. During the reign of Gurjara Pratihara monarch Mihir Bhoj, the region is mentioned as prosperous, safe from thieves and rich in natural resources.[2]

Revolt of 1857[edit]

During the First War of Independence in 1857 major disturbances occurred in Etawah, and the district was occupied by the freedom fighters from June to December. British rule was not completely restored till the end of 1858.

Modern history and economy[edit]

Etawah has experienced modernization and development under British Raj and in the post-independence period.

The district is partly watered by branches of the Ganges canal.

It is traversed by the main line of the Indian railway (northern zone) which runs from Delhi to Hawrah and beyond. The railway was first built during the British Raj.

Cotton, oilseeds, ghee and other agricultural produce are grown and exported. Special breeds of goat, i.e. Yamunapaari, and buffalo are raised and exported.

The region has a 652 MW natural gas-based power generation plant. However it lacks manufacturing industries.

Etawah was known for its handloom products; most of them are converted into powerlooms thanks to the advent of better technology. 'Etawah' is derived from the burner of bricks (where bricks are made); it has thousands of brick centre between its boundaries.

Notable people[edit]

Politics[edit]

Naturist[edit]

Literature[edit]

Sports[edit]

Film[edit]

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Mainpri Etawah
Towards Farrukhabad
Mainpuri
Main Line towards Shikohabad
Keerath Pur
Karhal
Vaidhpura
Etawah

Etawah railway station lies on Kanpur-Delhi section of Howrah-Delhi main line. Shatabdi Express and many other superfast trains have a scheduled halt in Etawah.

Also CNB Shatabdi has hault at etawah.

Road[edit]

Inner State Bus Station helps connect Etawah with points across the rest of Uttar Pradesh state. National Highway 2 passes through Etawah, connecting it to important cities like Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Mughalsarai, Dhanbad and Kolkata. There are three big cities namely Gwalior, Agra and Kanpur, are nearby to Etawah with well connected roads.

Within the city, Auto-rickshaws and manual rickshaws are the major form of transport. Bus services run at high frequencies.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  2. ^ District Gazetteer Etawah (Uttar Pradesh). "History". 

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]