Etchū Province (越中国 Etchū no kuni?) was an old province in central Honshū, on the Sea of Japan side. It was sometimes called Esshū (越州?), with Echizen and Echigo Provinces. It bordered Echigo, Shinano, Hida, Kaga, and Noto provinces. The area is now called Toyama Prefecture.
Maps of Japan and Etchū Province were reformed in the 1870s when the prefecture system was introduced. At the same time, the province continued to exist for some purposes. For example, Etchū is explicitly recognized in treaties in 1894 (a) between Japan and the United States and (b) between Japan and the United Kingdom.
- Imizu District (射水郡) became Imizu and Himi (氷見郡) districts
- Nei District (婦負郡)
- Niikawa District (新川郡) became Kaminiikawa and Shimoniikawa districts
- Tonami District (礪波郡) became Higashitonami and Nishitonami districts
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Etchū" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 183, p. 183, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
- US Department of State. (1906). A digest of international law as embodied in diplomatic discussions, treaties and other international agreements (John Bassett Moore, ed.), Vol. 5, p. 759.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Papinot, Edmond. (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tokyo: Librarie Sansaisha. OCLC 77691250
Media related to Etchu Province at Wikimedia Commons
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