The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after the 1686 treaty
Eternal Peace Treaty of 1686 ( Polish: Pokój wieczysty or Pokój Grzymułtowskiego, Russian: Вечный мир, Lithuanian: ) was a Amžinoji taika treaty between Tsardom of Russia and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, signed by Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth envoys: of voivod Poznań Krzysztof Grzymułtowski and chancellor ( ) of Lithuania kanclerz Marcjan Ogiński and Russian knyaz Vasily Vasilyevich Galitzine on May 6, 1686 in Moscow. These parties were moved to cooperate after a major geopolitical intervention in Ukraine on the part of the Ottoman Empire. [1 ]
The treaty confirmed the earlier
Treaty of Andrusovo of 1667. It consisted of a [1 ] preamble and 33 articles. The treaty secured Russia's possession of Left-bank Ukraine plus the right-bank city of Kiev. 146,000 [2 ] rubles were to be paid to Poland as compensation for the loss of the Left Bank. The region of [2 ] Zaporizhian Sich, Siverian lands, cities of Chernihiv, Starodub, Smolensk and its outskirts were also ceded to Russia, while Poland retained Right-bank Ukraine. Both parties agreed not to sign a separate treaty with the Ottoman Empire. By signing this treaty, Russia became a member of the anti-Turkish [2 ] coalition, which comprised Poland, the Holy Roman Empire and Venice. Russia pledged to organize a military campaign against the Crimean Khanate, which led to the Russo-Turkish War (1686–1700).
The treaty was a major success for Russian diplomacy. Strongly opposed in Poland, it was not ratified until 1710.
In fact treaty has been never legally ratified. [2 ] According to Polish law treaty has not been confirmed by resolution of the Sejm until the time of the [3 ] Convocation Sejm (1764). It marked a turning point in Russo-Polish relations and played a big part in the struggle of Eastern European peoples against the Turkish- [4 ] Tatar aggression. [ Subsequently, it facilitated Russia's struggle with ] citation needed Sweden for access to the Baltic Sea. [ ] citation needed
The borders between Russia and the Commonwealth established by the treaty remained in effect until the late 18th century
Partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. [1 ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c Ariel Cohen (1998). . Russian Imperialism: Development and Crisis Greenwood Publishing. p. 43. ISBN 978-0-275-96481-8.
^ a b c d Jerzy Jan Lerski, Piotr Wróbel, Richard J. Kozicki (1996). . Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 183. Historical dictionary of Poland, 966-1945 ISBN 978-0-313-26007-0.
^ Eugeniusz Romer, O wschodniej granicy Polski z przed 1772 r., w: Księga Pamiątkowa ku czci Oswalda Balzera, t. II, Lwów 1925, s. .
^ Jacek Staszewski, August II Mocny, Wrocław 1998, p. 100.
See also [ edit ]